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Level 1 Lesson 2.1 – My Room Is Very Small

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To Describe Something In Chinese Using Adverb 很 + Adjective

In this video lesson we'll learn how to describe something in Chinese by using the structure of Adverb 很 + Adjective. And we'll also learn a very important sentence structure: Adjective as predicate in Chinese.

  • To describe something in Chinese
  • Adjective as predicate in Chinese
  • Adverb 很 + Adjective in Chinese
  • Adverb 很 + Verb in Chinese

VOCABULARY


HSK CHINESE
PINYIN P.O.S ENGLISH AUDIO
1 房间 fángjiān n. room
1 hěn adv. very; a lot; quite; pretty
1 xiǎo adj. small; little
2 好吃 hǎochī adj. tasty (for food)
1 好喝 hǎohē adj. tasty (for drinks)
1 高兴 gāoxìng adj. happy

GRAMMAR


Grammar 1: Adverb 很 + Adjective in Chinese · HSK 1

hěn  very; a lot; quite; pretty

很 is an Adverb, it suggests that the "degree" or "extent" is "very" or "a lot". It can be used to modify an Adjective.

Adverb 很 + Adjective

  • hěnhǎo 很好 very good
  • hěnzǎo 很早 very early

 

Grammar 2: To Describe Something in Chinese · HSK 1

If we want to describe something in Chinese and say "something is very...", we do not say "something 是很...", we say:

Subject + Adverb 很 + Adjective

  • zhè suǒ xuéxiào hěn hǎo 这所学校很好。 This school (is) very good.
  • tā de fángjiān hěn xiǎo 他的房间很小。 His room (is) very small.

 

Grammar 3: Adjective As Predicate in Chinese · HSK 1

We learned about Verb (Phrases) and Nouns being the Predicate in Chinese Sentence, in Chinese, an Adjective (Phrase) can also function as the Predicate of the sentence.

SUBJECT ADJ. PREDICATE
the topic explain/discuss/describe... the topic
 ADJECTIVE. (PHRASE) 
wǒde fángjiān
我的房间
my room
hěn xiǎo
很小
very small
píngguǒ
苹果
apple
hěn hǎochī
很好吃
tasty (for food)
chá

tea
hěn hǎohē
很好喝
tasty (for drinks)

 

Grammar 4: Adverb 很 + (some) Verb in Chinese · HSK 1

The Adverb 很 can modify some(not all) verbs in Chinese as well:

  • hěn xǐhuan 很喜欢 quite like
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