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Level 3 Lesson 21.1 – 照相机 相机 相片 照片 视频 拍 拍照 借 还 园

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HSK 3+ VOCABULARY: 照相机 相机 相片 照片 视频 拍 拍照 借 还 ~园

In this video lesson we'll learn the vocabulary in Lesson 21 and practice them with a lot of example sentences. For new Chinese characters, we'll learn how to write them and know about their structures and origins in the attached writing sheet.

  • VOCABULARY: 照相机 相机 相片 照片 视频 拍 拍照 借 还 ~园
  • CHINESE CHARACTERS: 照 拍 借 园

VOCABULARY LIST


VOCABULARY USAGE


1.照相机 zhàoxiàngjī · OLD HSK 3 / -

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ camera

2. 相机 xiàngjī · - / NEW HSK 2

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ camera

  • yí ge xiàngjī
    yí ge zhàoxiàngjī
    一个相机
    一个照相机
    one “ge” (of) camera
  • yí bù xiàngjī
    yí bù zhàoxiàngjī
    一部相机
    一部照相机
    one “bu” (of) camera
  • yì tái xiàngjī
    yì tái zhàoxiàngjī
    一台相机
    一台照相机
    one “tai” (of) camera

 

  • Zhè bù xiàngjī/ zhàoxiàngjī chū le diǎn wèntí.
    这部相机/照相机出了点问题。
    This “bu” camera (has) had “a little bit” (of) problem.
  • Xiànzài de xiàngjī/zhàoxiàngjī zuò de yuèláiyuè hǎo le.
    现在的相机/照相机做得越来越好了。
    Cameras nowadays (are) made better-and-better (in quality and craftsmanship).
  • Wǒ shénme shíhou néng yòng yí xià nǐ de xiàngjī/zhàoxiàngjī ma?
    我什么时候能用一下你的相机/照相机吗?
    Can I use your camera (for) “a little bit” some time?

3.相片 xiàngpiàn · - / NEW HSK 4

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ photo; picture

4. 照片 zhàopiàn · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 2

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ photo; picture

  • yì zhāng xiàngpiàn
    yì zhāng zhàopiàn
    一张相片
    一张照片
    one “zhang” (of) photo
  • hēibái xiàngpiàn
    hēibái zhàopiàn
    黑白相片
    黑白照片
    black-(and)-white photo(s)

 

  • Jīntiān nǐ yígòng pāi le duōshao zhāng zhàopiàn/ xiàngpiàn?
    今天你一共拍了多少张照片/相片?
    Today how many “zhang” (of) photos (did) you take altogether?
  • Bàngōngshì de qiáng shang guà zhe lǎoshī men de zhàopiàn/xiàngpiàn.
    办公室的墙上挂着老师们的照片/相片。
    (There are) teachers’ photos (being) hanging (on the) wall-surface (of the) office.
  • Zhè zhāng jiù zhàopiàn/xiàngpiàn shang de rén shì shéi, wǒ yǐjīng wàngjì le.
    这张旧照片/相片上的人是谁,我已经忘记了。
    (The) person (on) this “zhang” (of) old photo-surface being whom, I already forgot.

 

5. 视频 shìpín · - / NEW HSK 5

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ video

  • yí ge shìpín
    一个视频
    one “ge” (of) video
  • duǎn shìpín
    短视频
    short video(s)
  • lǚyóu shìpín
    旅游视频
    travel video(s)
  • Hànyǔ shìpín
    汉语视频
    Chinese-language video(s)

 

6. 拍 pāi · OLD HSK 2 / NEW HSK 3

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to take (photos and/or videos)

  • pāi xiàngpiàn
    pāi zhàopiàn
    拍相片
    拍照片
    to take photo(s)
  • pāi shìpín
    拍视频
    to take video(s)

 

  • Wǒ de zhè zhāng zhàopiàn méiyǒu pāi hǎo.
    我的这张照片没有拍好。
    This “zhang” photo (of) mine (is) not taken-(with the result of)-(being)-taken-well.
  • Wǒ xiǎng gěi xiǎo gǒu pāi yí ge shìpín.
    我想给小狗拍一个视频。
    I want to take one “ge” (of) video (for) (the) little dog.
  • Pāi hùzhào zhàopiàn de shíhou, kěyǐ dài yǎnjìng ma?
    拍护照照片的时候,可以戴眼镜吗?
    (At the) time (when) taking passport photos, can (I) wear eyeglasses?

 

7. 拍照 pāizhào · - / NEW HSK 4

(1) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to take photo(s); to take picture(s)

  • Yòng xiàngjī pāizhào bǐ yǒng shǒujī pāizhào gèng hǎokàn.
    用相机拍照比用手机拍照更好看。
    Using camera to take photos “comparing with” using cellphone to take photos (is) more good-looking.

 

(2) Detachable Compound 离合词 líhécí ▸ to take photo(s); to take picture(s)

  • pāi diǎnr zhào
    拍点儿照
    to take “a little bit” (of) photo(s)
    pāi le pāi zhào
    拍了拍照
    to (have) taken photo(s) (for) “a little bit”

 

  • Wǒ hé zhàngfu jiéhūn de shíhou zhǐ pāi le zhào, méi yǒu pāi shìpín.
    我和丈夫结婚的时候只拍了照,没有拍视频。
    (At the) time (when) I got married with (my) husband (we) only took photos, (and did) not take videos.

 

8. 借 jiè · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 2

(1) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to borrow

  • Wǒ kě bu kěyǐ jiè yí xià nǐ de xiàngjī?
    我可不可以借一下你的相机?
    Can I (or) not can (I) borrow your camera “really quick”?
  • Tā jīngcháng xiàng péngyou jiè qián.
    他经常向朋友借钱。
    He often borrows money “towards(/from)” (his) friends.
  • Wǒ jiè le péngyou de chē.
    我借了朋友的车。
    I borrowed (my) friend’s car.

 

(2) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to lend

  • Wǒ men de guānxì hǎo shì hǎo, kěshì wǒ bù xiǎng jiè gěi tā qián.
    我们的关系好是好,可是我不想借给他钱。
    (Admitting the fact that) our relationships is good, but I (do) not want to lend money to him.

 

9. 还 huán · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to give back; to return

  • huán qián
    还钱
    to give-back money
    huán shū
    还书
    to give-back book(s)

 

  • Zhè xiē qián nǐ shénme shíhou néng huán shàng?
    这些钱你什么时候能还上?
    These money (-) when can you give-back-(with the result of)-(successfully giving back)?
  • Jiè de shū, wǒ yǐjīng huán wán le.
    借的书,我已经还完了。
    (The) books (that I) borrowed, I already gave-back-(with the result of)-finishing-giving-back (already).
  • Wǒ xiǎng bǎ jiè péngyou de qián dōu huán le.
    我想把借朋友的钱都还了。
    I want to (-) “ba{indicating the handling of}” (the) money (that I) borrowed-(from) (my) friends (-) all give back (already).

 

10. ~园 yuán · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 2

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ garden; park; orchard

 

  • gōngyuán
    公园
    public park
  • huāyuán
    花园
    (flower) garden
  • càiyuán
    菜园
    vegetable garden; vegetable farm; vegetable patch
  • guǒyuán
    果园
    fruit garden; fruit ranch; orchard

 

  • Yǒukòng de shíhou wǒ xǐhuan dào gōngyuán li pǎobù.
    有空的时候我喜欢到公园里跑步。
    (At the) time (when I am) free I like going to (the) park to run/jog.
  • Huāyuán li de huā kāi le, kāi de zhēn piàoliang!
    花园里的花开了,开得真漂亮!
    (The) flowers (in the) garden-inside (has) bloomed, (and they) bloom really pretty!
  • Nà dòng fángzi hòumiàn yǒu yí ge càiyuán.
    那栋房子后面有一个菜园。
    (In the) back (of) that “dong” (of) house (there) “exists” one “ge” (of) vegetable garden.
  • Guǒyuán li yǒu pútao, xiāngjiāo, píngguǒ, hái yǒu xīguā.
    果园里有葡萄,香蕉,苹果,还有西瓜。
    (In the) fruit-garden-inside (there) “exists” grapes, bananas, apples, (and there) additionally exists” watermelons.

 

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