Pinyin Lesson 11 – Compound Finals and Nasal Finals Group 5&6

Oops...Members Only!

Chinese Pinyin Compound Finals and Nasal Finals

ua uo – uai ui – uan un – uang ueng – er

In this lesson we will have two more groups of Compound Finals and Nasal Finals. The first group all begin with the Simple Final “u”, and in the second group there is only one: the Pinyin er. To make it a great Pinyin help video of reading Pinyin er, we provided useful tips and many practical examples. Just click start and learn away! Also, don’t forget our two listening quizzes!



  • Chinese Pinyin Compound Finals and Nasal Finals
    • ua uo uai ui uan un uang ueng
  • Pinyin "er" - Special Pinyin Final


Chinese Special Pinyin Final: er

Pinyin Final er is usually considered a Special Final, while some put it in the category of Simple Finals or Compound Finals. Either way, it’s a special sound that kind of has to be in a category of its own.

To pronounce "er", it requires a little bit of tongue movement. Try pronouncing the Simple Final “e” (not the same as the "e" in the English word "bed"), and while pronouncing it, raise the tongue, curl it back a little and then immediately relax it.


Retroflexed Suffix 儿化

The Final “er” only has one syllable, and which is itself. But a lot of the times this sound can be combined with another syllable and is pronounced as a “suffix” of that syllable. And it’s called a “Retroflexed Suffix”, and is written as an “r” after another syllable.

儿化 (ér huà) “Retroflexed Suffix”, is common in Northern Chinese dialects, especially in Beijing.

There are a few variations in the pronunciations of "儿化" depending on the Final used before "er". If you want a little more practice of “儿化”, please comment and let us know, so we can make a video lesson about it.


Collapse Comments
Ganael SchneiderPremium Student May 3, 2023 at 5:34 am

ér huà lesson would be awesome (maybe you did it already?!)

So does that mean that we are learning a Mandarin version without any “er” added?
So it would be closer to the way ppl speak in the south?
Thanks for enlightening me on this!

Herman WongPremium Student January 13, 2023 at 12:52 pm

“er+hua” seems pretty popular among natives. Would like to see a chapter on “er+hua” with some practice, if possible. Thank you so much

zzadho@gmail.comPremium Student July 28, 2022 at 12:50 pm

More er hua practice would be Great!

Ann LorencPremium Student March 10, 2022 at 2:01 pm

Yes, please make a video lesson for ér huà. Xiè xie.

Ryan O'ConnorPremium Student October 5, 2021 at 6:28 am

I definitely wouldn’t mind an more practice with Er hua.

I would like to learn more about er-hua lesson

ElderPremium Student February 4, 2021 at 5:01 pm

+1 to a special video

Mathieu BoudreauPremium Student January 21, 2021 at 8:54 pm

I have such a hard time telling uang and ueng apart.

Renee de la FuentePremium Student January 28, 2023 at 4:24 pm

I made a note that uang sounds like wong and ueng sounds like wung. I hope that helps.

Ganael SchneiderPremium Student May 3, 2023 at 5:32 am

for an english speaker that really makes sense, thanks for the tip!

Antony LaoPremium Student December 13, 2020 at 9:32 am

Yes ! I would like an er-hua lesson !
Also, how do you pronounce ganr ? It seems like you don’t really pronounce the n

AleVenPremium Student December 10, 2020 at 12:06 am

Please make a Pinyin chart. I would love to print it and study.

Ryan O'ConnorPremium Student October 5, 2021 at 6:30 am

I second this.

learn3Premium Student April 21, 2023 at 2:12 pm

Me too!

cacgatbontonPremium Student July 5, 2020 at 2:29 pm

an ér huà lesson would be great pls!!!

Huiyee YanPremium Student June 26, 2020 at 8:51 am

I definitely think a er-hua lesson would be useful! You got my vote!

lenglengPremium Student May 20, 2020 at 5:34 pm

er-hua lesson would be great, particularly how the tongue placement changes after different initials.

LeticiaPremium Student April 5, 2020 at 12:45 pm

Video lesson on er-Hua would be very much appreciated!

Benji PopePremium Student April 5, 2020 at 11:29 am

+1 to a special video

wakaoujiPremium Student April 1, 2020 at 11:42 pm

yea! a lesson on ér huà would be highly appreciated!

Dan FilimonPremium Student April 1, 2020 at 3:14 am

Yes, please make a lesson on the er-hua! 🙂

imsedatedPremium Student January 29, 2020 at 1:59 pm

If we are omitting vowels for typing and writing, if we’re writing someone for someone else to read, would we still omit the vowels like in un (uen)?

Typing and writing it is the same, we only use “un”.

MichelePremium Student May 18, 2019 at 9:09 am

Looking forward to the lesson on er hua! 🙂

RadiPremium Student October 21, 2018 at 11:36 am

First of all I would like to thank Lily and Chuck for these brilliant lessons, it must be really time consuming to prepare learning materials and make a lots of videos like these ones. Thank you.

And just for the future I have one wish – I would really appreciate a review pinyin lesson, that I could use for everyday practising of my pronunciation. A lesson similar like Pinyin Lesson 8 – review of 21 Pinyin Initials but including Simple, Compound and Nasal Finals, so that students could watch Pinyin Lesson 8 and this new Pinyin Lesson and practice most of the sounds of mandarin language everyday. I do this in my learning process of thai language even now after almost 2 years of learning and have to say it really helps.

mmapphPremium Student February 28, 2020 at 4:09 am

I totally agree

sajit1967anjuPremium Student December 9, 2020 at 7:21 pm

I agree…

ElderPremium Student February 4, 2021 at 5:26 pm

That would be Great,as well as a podcast-format-class in which we could listen and review the positions of the tongue for each one of the drills that we’ve learned so far!

tanghuluganPremium Student February 28, 2018 at 2:36 am

Please do an extra lesson on ér huà. Thank you!

mtrpop3Premium Student December 25, 2017 at 10:54 am

Oh, yes, please do do an ér huà. lesson!

jensoccorsiPremium Student December 10, 2017 at 9:54 am

Please do a lesson on ér huà. Thank you!

Thanks for the comment! I will add it to the list of our future lessons to make!

Christopher FreedmanPremium Student February 12, 2021 at 2:01 am

I second this

Aarah LongPremium Student February 26, 2021 at 10:27 am

yes, please!!!!

Leave a Comment

Scroll to Top