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Pinyin Introduction – Pinyin Alphabet Guide

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Chinese Pinyin Pronunciation

A Pinyin Alphabet Guide on Mandarin Pinyin System, Hanyu Pinyin Syllables and Chinese Pinyin Letters

Thanks for joining ChineseFor.Us Chinese Pinyin Alphabet Guide. This is an introduction video about the complete Chinese Pinyin pronunciation. You will get an idea about the whole Mandarin Pinyin System. We will be talking about all Chinese Pinyin Letters, and the structure of Hanyu Pinyin Syllables. What’s more, we will learn the Chinese Pinyin pronunciation of all Initials and Finals in the Chinese Pinyin Alphabet. But of course, in other lessons of this course, we will try to put them into different groups and practice with more detailed pronunciation tips and drills!

LESSON INFO


KEYWORDS

  • Chinese Pinyin Alphabet
  • Pinyin Initials
  • "Zero" Initials
  • Pinyin Finals
    • Simple Finals
    • Compound Finals
    • Nasal Finals
  • Pinyin Syllables
  • Pinyin Letters

LESSON NOTES


Chinese Pinyin System

Pinyin was introduced in 1958, it uses a Roman alphabet to transcribe the Mandarin Chinese pronunciations. Pinyin Syllables helps us learn and memorize the pronunciation of Chinese Characters.

If we know how to spell and type Pinyin, we’ll be able to pronounce and type out every Chinese Character.

 

Chinese Pinyin Syllable

A Chinese Pinyin Syllable can have three parts, Initial + Final + Tone. But sometimes, there can be no Initial (Chinese Syllables with Zero-Initials), or no Tone (Chinese Syllables with the Neutral Tone). But there is definitely a Final.

 

Chinese Pinyin  Alphabet Guide

There are 21 Chinese Initials, and 36 Chinese Finals in the Chinese Pinyin Alphabet. The Finals can then be divided in to 3 groups: Simple Finals; Compound Finals; and Nasal Finals.

 

21 Chinese Initials

Initials are Consonants, and an Initial always goes at the very beginning of the Syllable, if there is one.

b

p

m

f

d

t

n

l

g

k

h

 
j

q

x

 
z

c

s

zh

ch

sh

 r

 

36 Chinese Finals

Finals are mostly vowels, or stars with a vowel. In a Chinese Pinyin Syllable, the Final goes at the very end. There are 6 Chinese Simple Finals, 13 Chinese Compound Finals and 16 Chinese Nasal Finals.

 

6 Chinese Simple Finals

a

o

e

i

u

ü

13 Chinese Compound Finals

ai ei ao ou
ia ie ua uo üe
 iao  iou  uai   uei

16 Chinese Nasal Finals

an en in  ün
 ian   üan  uan  uen
 ang  eng  ong   ing
 iang  iong  uang  ueng

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Lesson Discussions

avatar
muzza
Premium Student
muzza

My ear not picking up any difference in the pronunciation of initials c and s

haile
Premium Student
haile

Hi, s sounds closer to the end sound of “x” in English whereas c does not contain this sound. I hope this helps 🙂

Ianu
Guest
Ianu

c sounds close (but not exactly) like the ts in words like ‘cats’ while the s sounds more like the English s.

Rush3112
Premium Student
Rush3112

where I can download Pinyin Chart from your Website?

Odair Da silva
Premium Student
Odair Da silva

holly guacamole this is hard one lol

chinesevval
Graduated Student
chinesevval

hello i learned 300 HSK words but i have never studied pinyin before. That’s why i am here haha.

Keisha Bailey
Premium Student
Keisha Bailey

Do i need to fully learn these sounds before I can move on to the next lesson?

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