Vol. Ⅰ: Words 1-200
Vol. Ⅱ: Words 201-400

1000 Most Common Chinese Words For Beginners – Lesson 01

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1000 Most Common Chinese Words For Beginners: Lesson 01

In this first lesson of our “1000 Most Common Chinese Words For Beginners” Course, we will learn a group of the 1000 Most Common Chinese Words, which contains the following 20 words and phrases that are very useful for daily Chinese conversations:

  • 你好 nǐhǎo ▸ interj. hello; hi
  • 再见 zàijiàn ▸ interj. bye; goodbye
  • 请问 qǐngwèn ▸ v. please (allow me to) ask; excuse me
  • 知道 zhīdào ▸ v. to know; to be aware of
  • 好 hǎo ▸ adj. good
  • 谢谢 xièxie ▸ v. thanks
  • 不客气 búkèqi ▸ you’re welcome
  • 对不起 duìbuqǐ ▸ v. sorry
  • 没关系 méiguānxi ▸ it doesn’t matter; that’s all right
  • 说 shuō ▸ v. to say; to speak
  • 有 yǒu ▸ v. to have; to own
  • 朋友 péngyou ▸ n. friend
  • 中文 Zhōngwén ▸ n. Chinese language
  • 喂 wèi ▸ interj. hey; hello (on the phone)
  • 去 qù ▸ v. to go; to go over
  • 和 hé ▸ conj. and
  • 今天 jīntiān ▸ n. today
  • 人 rén ▸ n. person; people
  • 叫 jiào ▸ v. to be called
  • 名字 míngzi ▸ n. name

 

VOCABULARY LIST


NO. CHINESE PINYIN P.O.S. ENGLISH
1 你好
nǐhǎo interj. hello; hi
2 再见
zàijiàn interj. bye; goodbye
3 请问
qǐngwèn v. please (allow me to) ask; excuse me
4 知道
zhīdào v. to know; to be aware of
5
hǎo adj. good
6 谢谢
xièxie v. thanks
7 不客气
búkèqi you’re welcome
8 对不起
duìbuqǐ v. sorry
9 没关系
méiguānxi it doesn’t matter; that’s all right
10
shuō v. to say; to speak
11
yǒu v. to have; to own
12 朋友
péngyou n. friend
13 中文
Zhōngwén n. Chinese language
14
wèi interj. hey; hello (on the phone)
15
v. to go; to go over
16
conj. and
17 今天
jīntiān n. today
18
rén n. person; people
19
jiào v. to be called
20 名字
míngzi n. name

VOCABULARY USAGE


1.
  你好 nǐhǎo

interj. ▸ hello; hi

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Nǐhǎo, nǐ huì shuō Yīngyǔ ma?
    你好,你会说英语吗?
    Hello, you know-how-to speak English -ma?
    Hello, (do) you know-how-to speak English?
  • Nǐhǎo, wǒ jiào Lìli, nǐ jiào shénme?
    你好,我叫力力,你叫什么?
    Hello, I am-called Lili, you are-called what?
    Hello, I am-called Lili, what are you called?

 

2.
  再见 zàijiàn

interj. ▸ bye; goodbye

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Zàijiàn, wǒ huì xiǎng nǐ de.
    再见,我会想你的。
    Bye, I will miss you -de.
    Bye, I will miss you (for sure).
  • Zàijiàn, bié wàng le gěi wǒ dǎ diànhuà!
    再见,别忘了给我打电话!
    Bye, not forget to for me make phone-call!
    Bye, (do)n't forget to make phone-call(s) to me!

 

3.
  请问 qǐngwèn

v. ▸ please (allow me to) ask; excuse me

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Qǐngwèn, xǐshǒujiān zài nǎlǐ?
    请问,洗手间在哪里?
    Excuse-me, bathroom “zai(is in/on/at...)” where?
    Excuse-me, where is (the) bathroom at?
  • Qǐngwèn, zhèlǐ yǒu méi yǒu WiFi?
    请问,这里有没有WiFi?
    Excuse-me, here “exists”-not-“exist” WiFi?
    Excuse-me, (does) here “exist” WiFi (or) not?

 

4.
  知道 zhīdào

v. ▸ to know; to be aware of

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Wǒ hái bù zhīdào nǐ de míngzi.
    我还不知道你的名字。
    I still not know you -de- name.
    I still (do) not know your name.
  • Nǐ zhīdào zhè ge cí de yìsi ma?
    你知道这个词的意思吗?
    You know this “ge” word -de- meaning -ma?
    (Do) you know (the) meaning (of) this “ge” (of) word?

 

5.
  好 hǎo

adj. ▸ good

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Jīntiān de tiānqì hěn hǎo.
    今天的天气很好。
    Today -de- weather very good.
    Today’s weather (is) very good.
  • Nǐ de Zhōngwén zhēn hǎo!
    你的中文真好!
    You -de- Chinese really good!
    Your Chinese (is) really good!

 

6.
  谢谢 xièxie

v. ▸ thanks

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Xièxie nǐ bāng wǒ ná xíngli.
    谢谢你帮我拿行李。
    Thank you help me carry luggage.
    Thank you (that you) helped me carry (the) luggage.
  • Xièxie nǐ sòng gěi wǒ de lǐwù, wǒ hěn xǐhuan!
    谢谢你送给我的礼物,我很喜欢!
    Thank you gift me -de- present, I very like!
    Thank (to the) present (that) you gifted me, I quite like (it)!

 

7.
  不客气 búkèqi

you're welcome

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Búkèqi, zhè shì wǒ yīnggāi zuò de.
    不客气,这是我应该做的。
    You’re welcome, this is I should do -de.
    You’re welcome, this is (what) I should do.
  • Búkèqi, nǐ xǐhuan jiù hǎo.
    不客气,你喜欢就好。
    You’re welcome, you like “then” good.
    You’re welcome, (if) you like (it) then (everything’s) good.

 

8.
  对不起 duìbuqǐ

v. ▸ sorry

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Duìbuqǐ, wǒ lái wǎn le.
    对不起,我来晚了。
    Sorry, I come late -le.
    Sorry, I came late.
  • Duìbuqǐ, wǒ wàng le nǐ de shēngrì.
    对不起,我忘了你的生日。
    Sorry, I forget -le you -de- birthday.
    Sorry, I forgot your birthday.

 

9.
  没关系 méiguānxi

it doesn’t matter; that’s all right

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Méiguānxi, wǒ kěyǐ děng nǐ.
    没关系,我可以等你。
    That’s all right, I can wait-for you.
    That’s all right, I can wait-for you.
  • Méiguānxi, zhè bú shì nǐ de cuò.
    没关系,这不是你的错。
    That’s all right, this not is you -de- fault.
    That’s all right, this is not your fault.

 

10.
  说 shuō

v. ▸ to say; to speak

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Nǐ shuō shénme?
    你说什么?
    You say what?
    What (did) you say?
  • Wǒ bú huì shuō Zhōngwén, nǐ néng shuō Yīngwén ma?
    我不会说中文,你能说英文吗?
    I not know-how-to speak Chinese, you can speak English -ma?
    I (do) not know-how-to speak Chinese, can you speak English?

 

11.
  有 yǒu

v. ▸ to have; to own

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Nǐ yǒu nǚpéngyou ma?
    你有女朋友吗?
    You have girlfriend -ma?
    (Do) you have (a) girlfriend?
  • Wǒ yǒu yí ge wèntí xiǎng wèn nǐ.
    我有一个问题想问你。
    I have one “ge” question to want to ask you.
    I have one “ge” (of) question (and I) want to ask you.

 

12.
  朋友 péngyou

n. ▸ friend

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Wǒmen shì hěn duō nián de péngyou le.
    我们是很多年的朋友了。
    We are very many year -de- friend -le.
    We are friends (of) very many years (already).
  • Wǒ xǐhuan hé péngyou yìqǐ liáotiān.
    我喜欢和朋友一起聊天。
    I like with friend together to chat.
    I like chatting together with (my) friends.

 

13.
  中文 Zhōngwén

n. ▸ Chinese language

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Nǐ juéde Zhōngwén nán ma?
    你觉得中文难吗?
    You think Chinese difficult -ma?
    (Do) you think Chinese (is) difficult?
  • Wǒ zuìjìn zài xué Zhōngwén.
    我最近在学中文。
    I recent-times “zai” learn Chinese.
    I am learning Chinese (in) recent-times.

 

14.
  喂 wèi

interj. ▸ hey; hello (on the phone)

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Wèi, qǐngwèn nín zhǎo shéi?
    喂?请问您找谁?
    Hello? “Please-ask” you seek who?
    Hello? May(-I-)ask who (do) you want to talk to?
  • Wèi, nǐ de dōngxi diào le!
    喂,你的东西掉了!
    Hey, you -de- thing drop -le!
    Hey, your stuff dropped!

 

15.
  去 qù

v. ▸ to go; to go over

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Nǐ qù nǎr?
    你去哪儿?
    You go where?
    Where (are) you going?
  • Wǒ qù chāoshì mǎi dōngxi.
    我去超市买东西。
    I go to supermarket to buy stuff.
    I (am) going to (the) supermarket to buy stuff.

 

16.
  和 hé

conj. ▸ and

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Wǒ yào yì bēi kělè hé yí ge hànbǎo.
    我要一杯可乐和一个汉堡。
    I want one cup coke and one “ge” hamburger.
    I want one cup (of) coke and one “ge” (of) hamburger.
  • Wǒ hé tā dōu shì dàxuéshēng.
    我和他都是大学生。
    I and he both are college-student.
    Me and him are both college-students.

 

17.
  今天 jīntiān

n. ▸ today

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Jīntiān shì xīngqī jǐ?
    今天是星期几?
    Today is week-“which number”?
    What day(-of-the-)week is today?
  • Jīntiān wǒ xiǎng zài jiā xiūxi.
    今天我想在家休息。
    Today I want to “zai(in/on/at...)” home rest.
    Today I want to rest at home.

 

18.
  人 rén

n. ▸ person; people

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Nà ge rén shì shéi?
    那个人是谁?
    That “ge” person is who?
    Who is that “ge” (of) person?
  • Nǐmen yígòng jǐ ge rén?
    你们一共几个人?
    You-guys in-total which-number “ge” people?
    You-guys - how-many “ge” (of) people are there in-total?

 

19.
  叫 jiào

v. ▸ to be called

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Wǒ jiào Lìli, nǐ jiào shénme míngzi?
    我叫力力,你叫什么名字?
    I am-called Lili, you are-called what name?
    I am-called Lili, what name are you called?
  • Tā de gǒu jiào Xiǎobái.
    他的狗叫小白。
    He -de- dog is-called Little-white.
    His dog is-called Little-white.

 

20.
  名字 míngzi

n. ▸ name

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Nǐ yǒu Zhōngwén míngzi ma?
    你有中文名字吗?
    You have Chinese name -ma?
    (Do) you have (a) Chinese name?
  • Wǒ xǐhuan nǐ de míngzi, hěn tèbié.
    我喜欢你的名字,很特别。
    I like you -de- name, very special.
    I like your name, (it is) very special.

 

4 Comments
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This is what I was looking for. Yesterday I found your website and today I’ve got some time to finish your first lesson.
Your videos and quizzes are invaluable in learning and testing my understanding.

Thank you for your passionate commitment to teaching and providing learners like me with an excellent platform to further our Mandarin Chinese knowledge. I will continue my educational journey with your website. Thank you!

Dear Brian,

We’re so happy you were able to find our website. Thank you so much for your kind words, we’re thrilled to hear our lessons and quizzes were able to help you! We wish you the best of luck with your studies! 加油!

pandarPremium Student October 18, 2023 at 4:18 pm

Thanks a lot. these series is really awsome like your other videos. I will keep watching your free videos. Good job!

Dear Pandar,

We’re so glad you enjoy the website and our videos. Because of the support from students like you, we will definitely continue making these kind of lessons in the future!

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