Vol. Ⅰ: Words 1-200
Vol. Ⅱ: Words 201-400

1000 Most Common Chinese Words For Beginners – Lesson 02

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1000 Most Common Chinese Words For Beginners: Lesson 02

In this second lesson of our “1000 Most Common Chinese Words For Beginners” Course, we will learn another group of the 1000 Most Common Chinese Words, which contains the following 20 words and phrases that are very useful for daily Chinese conversations:

  • 什么 shénme ▸ q.pron. what
  • 早上好 zǎoshang hǎo ▸ good morning
  • 晚安 wǎn’ān ▸ good night
  • 吃 chī ▸ v. to eat
  • 喝 hē ▸ v. to drink
  • 不用谢 búyòng xiè ▸ you’re welcome
  • 哎呀 āiyā ▸ interj. ah; oh, my; dear me; used to express surprise or dissatisfaction
  • 是 shì ▸ v. to be
  • 对 duì ▸ adj. correct; right
  • 汉语 Hànyǔ ▸ n. Chinese language
  • 家 jiā ▸ n. home
  • 很 hěn ▸ adv. very; pretty; quite
  • 好 hǎo ▸ adj. okay
  • 的 de ▸ p. of; (sb.)’s
  • 来 lái ▸ v. to come; to come over
  • 老师 lǎoshī ▸ n. teacher
  • 一个 yí ge ▸ num.-m.w. phr. one “ge” (of sth.)
  • 水 shuǐ ▸ n. water
  • 爸爸 bàba ▸ n. dad
  • 妈妈 māma ▸ n. mom

 

VOCABULARY LIST


NO. CHINESE PINYIN P.O.S. ENGLISH
1 什么
shénme q.pron. what
2 早上好  
zǎoshang hǎo good morning
3 晚安
wǎn’ān good night
4
chī v. to eat
5
v. to drink
6 不用谢
búyòng xiè you’re welcome
7 哎呀
āiyā interj. ah; oh, my; dear me; used to express surprise or dissatisfaction
8
shì v. to be
9
duì adj. correct; right
10 汉语
Hànyǔ n. Chinese language
11
jiā n. home
12
hěn adv. very; pretty; quite
13
hǎo adj. okay
14
de p. of; (sb.)’s
15
lái v. to come; to come over
16 老师
lǎoshī n. teacher
17 一个
yí ge num.-m.w. phr. one “ge” (of sth.)
18
shuǐ n. water
19 爸爸
bàba n. dad
20 妈妈
māma n. mom

VOCABULARY USAGE


1.
  什么 shénme

q.pron. ▸ what

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Nǐ xǐhuan chī shénme?
    你喜欢吃什么?
    You like eat what?
    What (do) you like eating?
  • Nǐ zài zhǎo shénme?
    你在找什么?
    You “zai” look-for what?
    What are you looking for?

 

2.
  早上好 zǎoshang hǎo

good morning

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Zǎoshang hǎo, Wáng Jīnglǐ!
    早上好,王经理!
    Morning good, Wang Manager!
    Good morning, Manager Wang!
  • Zǎoshang hǎo, zuótiān wǎnshang nǐ shuì de hǎo ma?
    早上好,昨天晚上你睡得好吗?
    Morning good, yesterday night you sleep -de- good -ma?
    Good morning, last night (did) you sleep well?

 

3.
  晚安 wǎn’ān

good night

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Wǎn’ān, zuò ge hǎo mèng!
    晚安,做个好梦!
    Good night, “make” “ge” good dream!
    Good night, have (one) “ge” (of) good dream!
  • Wǎn’ān, zǎo diǎn xiūxi, bié tài wǎn shuì!
    晚安,早点休息,别太晚睡!
    Good night, early “dian” rest, not too late sleep!
    Good night, rest “a little bit” earlier, (do)n’t sleep too late!

 

4.
  吃 chī

v. ▸ to eat

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Wǒ xiǎng chī niúròu hànbǎo.
    我想吃牛肉汉堡。
    I want to eat beef hamburger.
    I want to eat beef hamburger.
  • Zhōngwǔ nǐ xiǎng chī shénme?
    中午你想吃什么?
    Noon you want to eat what?
    What (do) you want to eat (at) noon?

 

5.
  喝 hē

v. ▸ to drink

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Nǐ hē kāfēi háishì chá?
    你喝咖啡还是茶?
    You drink coffee or tea?
    (Do) you drink coffee or tea?
  • Tā jīngcháng hē píjiǔ.
    他经常喝啤酒。
    He often drink beer.
    He often drinks beer.

 

6.
  不用谢 búyòng xiè

you’re welcome

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Búyòng xiè, néng bāngdào nǐ jiù hǎo.
    不用谢,能帮到你就好。
    You’re welcome, can help-“arrive” you then good.
    You’re welcome, (if I) can be-able-to-help you then (it’s) good.
  • Búyòng xiè, shàng cì nǐ yě bāng le wǒ.
    不用谢,上次你也帮了我。
    You’re welcome, last time you too help -le me.
    You’re welcome, last time you also helped me.

 

7.
  哎呀 āiyā

interj. ▸ ah; oh, my; dear me; used to express surprise or dissatisfaction

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Āiyā, wǒ wàng le dài shǒujī.
    哎呀,我忘了带手机。
    Oh, I forget -le bring cellphone.
    Oh, I forgot to bring (my) cellphone.
  • Āiyā, nǐ zěnme yòu chídào le?
    哎呀,你怎么又迟到了?
    Oh-my, you how-come again arrive-late -le?
    Oh-my, how-come you arrive-late again?

 

8.
  是 shì

v. ▸ to be

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • WIFI mìmǎ shì yī ’èr sān sì wǔ liù qī.
    WIFI密码是1234567。
    WIFI password is 1234567.
    (The) WIFI password is 1234567.
  • Tā shì gōngsī de lǎobǎn.
    他是公司的老板。
    He is company -de- boss.
    He is (the) boss of (the) company.

 

9.
  对 duì

adj. ▸ correct; right

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Lǎoshī, wǒ de fāyīn duì ma?
    老师,我的发音对吗?
    Teacher, I -de- pronunciation correct -ma?
    Teacher, (is) my pronunciation correct?
  • Wǒ de dá’àn duì bu duì?
    我的答案对不对?
    I -de- answer correct-not-correct?
    (Is) my answer correct (or) not correct?

 

10.
  汉语 Hànyǔ

n. ▸ Chinese language

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Nǐ de Hànyǔ shuō de hěn hǎo!
    你的汉语说得很好!
    You -de- Chinese speak -de- very good!
    Your Chinese (-) (is) spoken very good!
  • Nǐ xǐhuan xué Hànyǔ ma?
    你喜欢学汉语吗?
    You like learn Chinese -ma?
    (Do) you like learning Chinese?

 

11.
  家 jiā

n. ▸ home

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Jīntiān wǒ zài jiā xiūxi.
    今天我在家休息。
    Today I “zai(in/on/at...)” home rest.
    Today I rest at home.
  • Nǐ jiā zài nǎlǐ?
    你家在哪里?
    You home “zai(to be in/on/at...)” where?
    Where is your home at?

 

12.
  很 hěn

adv. ▸ very; pretty; quite

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Zhè jiàn yīfu hěn piàoliang!
    这件衣服很漂亮!
    This “jian” clothes very pretty!
    This “jian” (of) clothes (is) very pretty!
  • Jīntiān de tiānqì hěn rè.
    今天的天气很热。
    Today -de- weather very hot.
    Today’s weather (is) very hot.

 

13.
  好 hǎo

adj. ▸ okay

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Hǎo, wǒmen yìqǐ qù!
    好,我们一起去!
    Okay, we together go!
    Okay, we (will) go together!
  • Hǎo de, wǒ zhīdào le.
    好的,我知道了。
    Okay -de, I know -le.
    Okay, I got (it).

 

14.
  的 de

p. ▸ of; (sb.)’s

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Wǒ de chē shì hóng sè de.
    我的车是红色的。
    I -de- vehicle is red-color -de.
    My car is (one that is of the) red-color.
  • Zhè shì wǒmen gōngsī de chǎnpǐn.
    这是我们公司的产品。
    This is we company -de- product.
    This is (a) product of our company.

 

15.
  来 lái

v. ▸ to come; to come over

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Tāmen shénme shíhou lái?
    他们什么时候来?
    They what-time come?
    When (will) they come?
  • Nǐ zěnme hái bù lái? Diànyǐng dōu yào kāishǐ le.
    你怎么还不来?电影都要开始了。
    You how-come still not come? Movie already soon-will start -le.
    How-come you still (have)n’t come? (The) movie soon-will start already.

 

16.
  老师 lǎoshī

n. ▸ teacher

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Nǐ shì zuì bàng de lǎoshī!
    你是最棒的老师!
    You are the-most good -de- teacher!
    You are the best teacher!
  • Lǎoshī, qǐngwèn zhè ge zì zěnme dú?
    老师,请问这个字怎么读?
    Teacher, please-ask this “ge” character how to read?
    Teacher, may(-I-) ask how to read this “ge” (of) character?

 

17.
  一个 yí ge

num.-m.w. phr. ▸ one “ge” (of sth.)

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Wǒ yǒu yí ge wèntí.
    我有一个问题。
    I have one “ge” question.
    I have one “ge” (of) question.
  • Wǒ shuì le yí ge xiǎoshí.
    我睡了一个小时。
    I sleep -le one “ge” hour.
    I slept (for) one “ge” (of) hour.

 

18.
  水 shuǐ

n. ▸ water

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Wǒ kě le, xiǎng hē shuǐ.
    我渴了,想喝水。
    I thirsty -le, want to drink water.
    I (am) thirsty, (and I) want to drink water.
  • Qǐng gěi wǒ yì bēi bīng shuǐ, xièxie.
    请给我一杯冰水,谢谢。
    Please give me one cup ice water, thank.
    Please give me one cup (of) ice water, thanks.

 

19.
  爸爸 bàba

n. ▸ dad

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Wǒ hěn ’ài wǒ de bàba.
    我很爱我的爸爸。
    I very love I -de- dad.
    I quite love my dad.
  • Bàba chūchāi le, xià ge xīngqī huí lai.
    爸爸出差了,下个星期回来。
    Dad go-on-business-trip -le, next “ge” week return-come.
    Dad (has) gone-on-(a)-business-trip, (and will) come-back next week.

 

20.
  妈妈 māma

n. ▸ mom

 EXAMPLE SENTENCES 

  • Tā de māma shì yì míng yīshēng.
    他的妈妈是一名医生。
    He -de- mom is one “ming” doctor.
    His mom is one “ming” (of) doctor.
  • Jīntiān shì wǒ māma de shēngrì.
    今天是我妈妈的生日。
    Today is my mom -de- birthday.
    Today is my mom’s birthday.

 

1 Comment
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pandarPremium Student October 18, 2023 at 4:32 pm

perfect. please keep some more lessons for free.

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