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Beginner Lesson 7.1 – My / Your / His / Her

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Possessive Words In Chinese - My, Your, His, Her, Our, Their

In this video lesson we'll learn possessive words in Chinese such as my, your, his, her, our, their.

  • Possessive words in Chinese: 你的  我的  他的...
  • Possessive Particle in Chinese: 的

VOCABULARY


GRAMMAR


Grammar 1: Possessive Particle in Chinese 的 · HSK 1

de 的 Possessive Particle

的 is the Possessive Particle in Chinese, and it is pronounced in the Neutral Tone. A Particle word in Chinese doesn't have any "real" meaning, only a grammatical meaning. And it cannot be used by itself independently in a sentence. It has to be attached to another word, to function as a grammatical structure to help put the sentence together. So 的 can only be attached after a pronoun or a noun to indicate "possessive":

Pronoun / Noun +

Here are some example of 的 as the Possessive Particle:

  • wǒde 我的 my; mine
  • tāmende 他们的 their; theirs
  • Zhōngguóde 中国的 China's

的 can be used as a descriptive particle as well, we'll discuss it in future lessons.

 

Grammar 2: Personal Possessive Words in Chinese · HSK 1

We learned Personal Pronouns in Chinese in Lesson 6.1, and to say Personal Possessive words in Chinese is just to add 的 at the end of the pronoun. Here are all of them:

Singular
Personal
Pronouns


you
(singular)


I; me


he; him


she; her
Plural
Personal
Pronouns
nǐmen
你们
you
(plural)
wǒmen
我们
we; us
tāmen
他们
they; them
(m./ m. f.)
tāmen
她们
they; them
(f.)
Singular
Personal
Possessive
nǐde
你的
your; yours
(singular)
wǒde
我的
my; mine
tāde
他的
his
tāde
她的
her; hers
Plural
Personal
Possessive
nǐmende
你们的
your; yours
(plural)
wǒmende
我们的
our; ours
tāmende
他们的
their; theirs
(m./ m. f.)

tāmende
她们的
their; theirs
(f.)

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