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Beginner Lesson 17.1 – This and That

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Measure Word 位 In Chinese | This And That In Chinese

In this video lesson we'll learn how to say this and that in Chinese. We'll be able to use Measure Word 位 in Chinese and address people with Mr. and Miss in Chinese.

  • This and That in Chinese: 这  那
  • Measure Word in Chinese (II). See also (I) and (III).
  • Measure Word 位 in Chinese
  • Mr. and Miss in Chinese: 先生  小姐

VOCABULARY


GRAMMAR


Grammar 1: This and That in Chinese · HSK 1

zhè  this nà 那 that

When introducing someone or something, we can use 这 and 那 to refer to them. Here are some example sentences of using 这 and 那 to express this and that in Chinese:

  • zhè shì yí wèi xiānsheng 
    这是一位先生
    this is a gentleman
  • nàshì yí wèi xiǎojiě 
    那是一位小姐
    that is a young lady

 

Grammar 2: Measure Word 位 in Chinese · HSK 3

wèi  a polite Measure Word for people

We've already learned that 个 is the general Measure Word in Chinese. But sometimes if you want to be polite and respectful, we use Measure Word 位 to address people. For example:

PINYIN CHINESE ENGLISH
yíwèi lǎoshī ① 位老师 one teacher
yíwèi Zhōngguórén  一位中国人 one Chinese person
 yíwèi xiānsheng 一位先生 one gentleman
yíwèi xiǎojiě 一位小姐 one young lady

NOTES:
① The number word 一 can be pronounced in three different ways: yī, yí and yì because of its tone change rule.

However, we do not use 位 for our own family members. For example, to say "I have two big brothers", here's what we say and what we don't say:

  • wǒ yǒu liǎngge gēge
    我有两个哥哥。
  • wǒ yǒu liǎngwèi gēge
    我有两位哥哥。

But it is okay to introduce our own family members with 位, for example (See Grammar 2 of Lesson 18.1):

  • zhèwèi shì wǒde bàba
    这位是我的爸爸。
    this is my dad

 

Grammar 3: Mr. and Miss in Chinese· HSK 1

In English when addressing Mr. Li or Miss Wang., the last name goes after Mr. or Miss, but in Chinese, the last name goes before the word 先生 or 小姐, like this:

Last Name + 先生 / 小姐

For example:

  • Lǐ Xiānsheng
    李先生
    Mr. Li
  • Wáng Xiǎojiě
    王小姐
    Miss Wang
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