Complement of Result in Chinese | See VS. Look and Hear VS. Listen
In this video lesson we'll learn Complement of Result in Chinese - 结果补语. And we'll also compare see VS. look and hear VS. listen.
- Jiéguǒ bǔyǔ 结果补语 Complement of Result in Chinese
- Compare 看见 VS. 看
- Compare 听见 VS. 听
- Compare 学会 VS. 学
Grammar 1: 结果补语 Complement of Result in Chinese · HSK 1
补语 bǔyǔ Complement is a very important grammatical structure in Chinese. It is rarely seen in other languages, and deserves our extra attention. There are different types of Complement and jíguǒ bǔyǔ 结果补语 Complement of Result is one of them.
Verb + Result
Here are some examples of how Complement of Result is used to construct a new word.
|kàn 看 to look||jiàn 见 to appear||kànjiàn 看见 to see|
|tīng 听 to listen||jiàn 见 to appear||tīngjiàn 听见 to hear|
|xué 学 to learn||huì 会 to know (a skill)||xuéhuì 学会 to earn and then acquire (a skill of something)|
Grammar 2: Compare 看见 VS. 看 · HSK 1
When we compare 看见 VS. 看 in Chinese, kànjiàn 看见 means "to look and then see" and kàn 看 means "to look; to look at; to take a look; to read (books); to watch(TV or movies)".
- tā xiǎng kàn diàn yǐng
He wants to watch a movie.
- tā xǐhuan kànshū
She likes reading books.
- wǒ méi kànjiàn tāde diànnǎo
I didn't see your computer.
Note that in English we can see "to see a movie", but in Chinese, we don't
kànjiàn diànyǐng 看见电影 , we only kàn diànyǐng 看电影。
Grammar 3: Compare 听见 VS. 听 · HSK 1
Now we'll compare 听见 VS. 听. Tīngjiàn 听见 means "to hear", and tīng 听 means "to listen; to listen to"
- tā xiǎng tīng nǐ shuō Zhōngwén
He wants to listen to you speak (some) Chinese.
- tā méi tīngjiàn nǐ shuō Zhōngwén
He didn't hear you say (any) Chinese.
- tā xǐhuan tīng yīnyuè
She likes listening to music.
- wǒ méi tīngjiàn yīnyuè
I didn't hear music.
Grammar 4: Compare 学会 VS. 学 · HSK 1
When we compare 学会 VS. 学 in Chinese, xuéhuì 学会 means to have learned and there is a result, which is to have acquire the skill of knowledge. Xué 学 only means to learn or to study
- wǒ xiǎng xué Fǎyǔ
I want to learn French.
- tā zài Fǎguó xuéxí
She studies in France.
- wǒ méi xuéhuì Fǎyǔ
I wasn't able to learn French. / I didn't acquire (the skill of) French.