In this video lesson we'll learn Complement of Result in Chinese - 结果补语. And we'll also compare see VS. look and hear VS. listen.
补语 bǔyǔ Complement is a very important grammatical structure in Chinese. It is rarely seen in other languages, and deserves our extra attention. There are different types of Complement and jíguǒ bǔyǔ 结果补语 Complement of Result is one of them.
Here are some examples of how Complement of Result is used to construct a new word.
|kàn 看 to look||jiàn 见 to appear||kànjiàn 看见 to see|
|tīng 听 to listen||jiàn 见 to appear||tīngjiàn 听见 to hear|
|xué 学 to learn||huì 会 to know (a skill)||xuéhuì 学会 to earn and then acquire (a skill of something)|
When we compare 看见 VS. 看 in Chinese, kànjiàn 看见 means "to look and then see" and kàn 看 means "to look; to look at; to take a look; to read (books); to watch(TV or movies)".
Note that in English we can see "to see a movie", but in Chinese, we don't
kànjiàn diànyǐng 看见电影 , we only kàn diànyǐng 看电影。
Now we'll compare 听见 VS. 听. Tīngjiàn 听见 means "to hear", and tīng 听 means "to listen; to listen to"
When we compare 学会 VS. 学 in Chinese, xuéhuì 学会 means to have learned and there is a result, which is to have acquire the skill of knowledge. Xué 学 only means to learn or to study