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Level 1 Lesson 3.1 – I Learn Chinese At A School

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Place Word In A Chinese Sentence | Sentence Word Order In Chinese

In this video lesson we'll learn how to position a Place Word in a Chinese sentence, which is a very important sentence word order. We'll also learn the structure of a noun modifying another noun in Chinese.

  • Sentence Word Order in Chinese: Positioning Place Word in a sentence
  • 学习: to learn vs. to study
  • 学 vs 学习
  • Noun modifying another noun in Chinese

VOCABULARY


HSK CHINESE
PINYIN P.O.S ENGLISH AUDIO
1 学习 xuéxí v. to learn(something); to study
1 汉语 Hànyǔ pn. the Chinese language
n/a 英语 Yīngyǔ pn. the English language
n/a 美国 Měiguó pn. USA
n/a 法国 Fǎguó pn. France
n/a 法语 Fǎyǔ pn. the French language

GRAMMAR


Grammar 1: Word Order: Positioning A Place Word In A Chinese Sentence· HSK 1

Unlike in English where the "Place Word" usually goes at the end of a sentence, if we want to put a "Place Word" in a Chinese sentence, suggesting where the action occurs, we put it between the Subject and the Verb.

Subject + Place + Verb ( + Object )

  • wǒ zài Běijīng xué Hànyǔ
    我在北京学汉语。
     I learn Chinese in Beijing.
  • tā zài sùshè chī píngguǒ
    他在宿舍吃苹果。
     He eats apple in the dormitory.
  • wǒ zài Měiguó xuéxí
    我在美国学习。
    I study in America.

 

Grammar 2: To Study in Chinese VS. To Learn in Chinese · HSK 1

(1) xuéxí 学习: to learn in Chinese VS. to study in Chinese

When followed by an object, 学 means to learn something in Chinese:

习 + something = to learn something

  • tā zài Zhōngguó xuéxí Hànyǔ
    他在中国学习汉语。
    He learns Chinese in China.
  • wǒ zài Fǎguó xuéxí Fǎyǔ
    我在法国学习法语。
    I learn French in France.

 

When not followed by an object, 学 means to study in general:

学习 object = to study (in general)

  • tā zài Zhōngguó xuéxí
    他在中国学习。
     He studies in China.
  • wǒ zài Fǎguó xuéxí
    我在法国学习。
     I study in France.

 

(2) xuéxí 学习 VS. xué 学: to learn in Chinese

When followed by an object, 学习 and 学 are interchangeable:

学习 + something = + something = to learn something

  • wǒ xǐhuan xué Hànyǔ
    我喜欢汉语。
    I like learning Chinese.
  • wǒ xǐhuan xuéxí Hànyǔ
    我喜欢学习汉语。
    I like learning Chinese.

 

Grammar 3: Noun Modifying Another Noun · HSK 3

zài 在 to be in/on/at (+somewhere)

Sometimes a noun can be used to modify another noun in Chinese. We can just put Noun1 before Noun2:

(Noun1) Noun2

  • Yīngyǔ shū 英语书 English book
  • Hànyǔ xuéxiào 汉语学校 Chinese school
  • cháshuǐ 茶水 tea water
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