Here and There in Chinese | How to Use "And" in Chinese
In this video lesson we'll learn how to say here and there in Chinese, how to use "and" in Chinese with 和. We'll also learn how to say some animals like cat, dog and fish in Chinese, and how to refer to animals by using "it" in Chinese with 它.
- Here and there in Chinese
- "And" in Chinese with 和
- Animals like cat, dog and fish in Chinese
- Measure Words 条 and 只
- "It" in Chinese with 它
Grammar 1: How to Say Here and There in Chinese · HSK 1
We learned "where" in Chinese is nǎlǐ/nǎr 哪里/哪儿 in the previous lesson, in today's lesson we'll learn how to say here and there in Chinese.
Be careful of the differences between nǎ 哪 and nà 那 in both Characters and Pinyin Tones. Nǎ 哪 where, is the one with 口 on the left. Also 哪 is pronounced in the Third Tone, and 那 is Pronounced in the Fourth Tone.
|这里 / 这儿||那里 / 那儿||哪里 / 哪儿|
|zhèlǐ / zhèr||nàlǐ / nàr||nǎlǐ / nǎr|
Grammar 2: "And" in Chinese with 和 · HSK 1
When we want to say more than one person/item/thing together, we can put them together by using hé 和, which is a Conjunction, liáncí 连词. It is used to equally put a few language units together.
So we can say "and" in Chinese with 和 by using this structure:
A, B, C 和 D
Be careful that:
(1) 和 is only used once before the last person/item/thing
(2) we use "，" dòuhào 逗号 comma to separate each person/item/thing
(3) before 和, we do not use dòuhào 逗号 comma
(4) 和 can only be used to connect words and phrases, but cannot be used to connect sentences.
- māo hé gǒu
cat and dog
- Zhōngwén, Yīngwén hé Fǎwén
Chinese, English and French
Unlike in English, 和 in Chinese cannot be used to connect sentences. Following are some sentences that we do not say in Chinese with 和.
- wǒ xué Hànyǔ, hé wǒ xué Fǎyǔ
I learn Chinese, and I learn French
- wǒde nánpéngyou xǐhuan māo, hé wǒ xǐhuan gǒu
My boyfriend likes cats, and I like dogs
Grammar 3: Cat, Dog and Fish in Chinese · HSK 1
This is how we say cat, dog and fish in Chinese:
- māo 猫 cat
- gǒu 狗 dog
- yú 鱼 fish
But remember when mentioning how many of something, we need to follow the "number + measure word + thing" structure? So the following phrases are examples of using measure words for cat, dog and fish in Chinese
- yìzhī māo, liǎngtiáo gǒu hé sāntiáo yú
one cat, two dogs and three fish
Grammar 4: "It" in Chinese with 它 · HSK 1
In English we say "it" a lot both as the Object of a sentence, or as the Subject or the Formal Subject of a sentence.
The direct translation word for "it" in Chinese is tā 它.
它 can also be both used as the Subject or the Object of a sentence, however, in Chinese we do not use 它 as the Formal Subject, nor do we use it to refer to nouns that are usually replaced with "it" such as weather.
Let's see how English sentences with "it" would be interpreted in Chinese.
As the Object:
- A: This is my cat, (it is) called Guoguo, I love it a lot
zhèshì wǒde māo, jiào guǒguo, wǒ hěn 'ài tā
As the Subject:
- B: It is my dog.
tā shì wǒde gǒu
- C: It is hot outside.
wàimiàn hěn rè
As the Formal Subject:
- D: It is believed that Chinese is the most difficult language.
hěnduō rén xiāngxìn Zhōngwén shì zuìnánde yǔyán