In this video lesson we'll learn how to say to be doing something in Chinese with Adverb 在, how to ask someone what are they doing in Chinese.
In Lesson 1 and Lesson 3 we learned the character Preposition 在 and Verb 在, today we'll learn another usage of 在:
Adverb 在: We used the Adverb 在 before a Verb (Phrase) to suggest that the action is in progress and continuous.
We can say someone to be doing something in Chinese with Adverb 在.
There are two ways to express the meaning to do in Chinese, it's zuò 做 and gàn 干.
Here's how we compare 做 vs 干.
zuò 做 is more like the standard way to say to do in Chinese, it is more likely to be used in written language.
gàn 干 is a lot more likely to be used in spoken language. 干 has a stronger style of colloquial language.
So to ask someone what they are doing in Chinese, we can use both 做 and 干.
And we can also say sentences like these:
When we want to say that someone to be doing something at some place, for example "He is taking class at school", we cannot say *someone + "zai" some place + "zai" doing something.
For example we don't say *他在学校在上课. We need to omit the second 在 and say 他在学校上课.
This is because in these situations the first 在 takes on the meaning of the second 在. So the structure goes likes this:
Gōngzuò 工作 and shàngbān 上班 both mean "to work" in Chinese.
When we compare 工作 vs 上班 in Chinese,
gōngzuò 工作 means to do work generally, as opposed to relax
shàngbān 上班 means to do one's work because it's one's job. Shàng 上 means to do something according to a set schedule. And bān 班 means work hours.
So for someone who is a freelancer or someone who has their own business, and they work from home, and plan their own work schedule. It is better to use 工作 instead of 上班:
And if someone's job is a teacher, they give classes at a school, and they work according to a set schedule, we can use both 工作 and 上班.
shàng 上 has the meaning of to start doing something according to set schedule. Therefore we have the following words:
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