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Level 1 Lesson 2.1 – My Room Is Very Small

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To Describe Something In Chinese Using Adverb 很 + Adjective

In this video lesson we'll learn how to describe something in Chinese by using the structure of Adverb 很 + Adjective. And we'll also learn a very important sentence structure: Adjective as predicate in Chinese.

  • To describe something in Chinese
  • Adjective as predicate in Chinese
  • Adverb 很 + Adjective in Chinese
  • Adverb 很 + Verb in Chinese

VOCABULARY


HSK CHINESE
PINYIN P.O.S ENGLISH AUDIO
1 房间 fángjiān n. room
1 hěn adv. very; a lot; quite; pretty
1 xiǎo adj. small; little
2 好吃 hǎochī adj. tasty (for food)
1 好喝 hǎohē adj. tasty (for drinks)
1 高兴 gāoxìng adj. happy

GRAMMAR


Grammar 1: Adverb 很 + Adjective in Chinese · HSK 1

hěn  very; a lot; quite; pretty

很 is an Adverb, it suggests that the "degree" or "extent" is "very" or "a lot". It can be used to modify an Adjective.

Adverb 很 + Adjective

  • hěnhǎo 很好 very good
  • hěnzǎo 很早 very early

 

Grammar 2: To Describe Something in Chinese · HSK 1

If we want to describe something in Chinese and say "something is very...", we do not say "something 是很...", we say:

Subject + Adverb 很 + Adjective

  • zhè suǒ xuéxiào hěn hǎo 这所学校很好。 This school (is) very good.
  • tā de fángjiān hěn xiǎo 他的房间很小。 His room (is) very small.

 

Grammar 3: Adjective As Predicate in Chinese · HSK 1

We learned about Verb (Phrases) and Nouns being the Predicate in Chinese Sentence, in Chinese, an Adjective (Phrase) can also function as the Predicate of the sentence.

SUBJECT ADJ. PREDICATE
the topic explain/discuss/describe... the topic
 ADJECTIVE. (PHRASE) 
wǒde fángjiān
我的房间
my room
hěn xiǎo
很小
very small
píngguǒ
苹果
apple
hěn hǎochī
很好吃
tasty (for food)
chá

tea
hěn hǎohē
很好喝
tasty (for drinks)

 

Grammar 4: Adverb 很 + (some) Verb in Chinese · HSK 1

The Adverb 很 can modify some(not all) verbs in Chinese as well:

  • hěn xǐhuan 很喜欢 quite like

13
Lesson Discussions

avatar
Taylor
Premium Student
Taylor

Hi, I was wondering when to use measure words in Chinese. I know that they are necessary when expressing the number of things, but in cases like 那所学校不好,why would 所 be necessary in this case? There is no numerical presence within this sentence.

Jeff Johnson
Premium Student
Jeff Johnson

I noticed that the MW for 学校 is missing when using the possessive particle 的, as in 我的学校很好. Earlier in the lesson the phrase 这所学校很大 uses the MW for 学校. Did I forget a rule here about the use of measure words? thank you for your patience with me

Chuck
Teacher

Measure words in Chinese are often related to numbers. for example: I ate 3 apples (我吃了三“个”苹果)I have 3 dogs in my house (我家里有三“条”狗)In English you can say I want three “bottles” of beer (我要三“瓶”啤酒)I want two “cans” of soda (我要两“听”可乐)
In the phrase “my school is very good” 我的学校很好。You would not say “我的一所学校很好” just like you would not say “my one school is very good.” Think of it like this: My soda is very tasty. 我的可乐很好喝。 You would not say “My “can” of soda is very tasty. 我的一听可乐很好喝。

mindv0rtex
Premium Student
mindv0rtex

In the previous lesson we learned that 间 is a m/w for rooms, but I see in the comments that you say 这个房间。So, presumably, saying 这间房间 is incorrect, right?

Michael
Graduated Student
Michael

早上好, 丽丽。我有一个问题:怎么说 “This room is small.” (I mean when you don’t want to say it is very small, just small.)
e.g. 这个房间小。可以吗?
You can’t say: 我好。我舒服。without 很, can you?

I like your course design, particularly the presentation and step by step approach. The communicative part where students have to form questions and answers (whole sentences) is most useful as it allows me to practice the content.

AlexSerafini
Student
AlexSerafini

你好!谢谢你!我很喜欢这courses

Sonette T.
Graduated Student
Sonette T.

谢谢你Lili。This lesson is very helpful.

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