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Level 1 Lesson 29.1 – I Miss You A Lot Everyday Too

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Too, Also in Chinese 也 | Every in Chinese 每 | Both, All in Chinese 都

In this video lesson we'll learn three useful adverbs in Chinese: Every in Chinese 每; too, also in Chinese 也 and both, all in Chinese 都. We'll also learn about the 每……都…… Structure.

  • Too, Also in Chinese 也
  • Every in Chinese 每
  • Both, All in Chinese 都 - Adverb 都 (I). See also Adverb 都 (II) in Level 2 Lesson 24.
  • The 每……都 Structure

VOCABULARY


GRAMMAR


Grammar 1: Too, Also in Chinese 也 · HSK 1

To say too, also in Chinese we use the Adverb 也 yě. It is usually used as an Adverbial modifying the Predicate, and is put before the Predicate in a sentence, following this structure:

Subject +  + Predicate (+Object)

For example,

(1) with Verb Predicate

  • tā zuò dìtiě qùshàngbān, wǒ yě zuò dìtiě qù shàngbān
    他坐地铁去上班,我也坐地铁去上班。
    he takes subway to go to work, I also take subway to go to work
  • zhèlǐ xiàyǔ, yě xiàxuě
    这里下雨,也下雪。
    here rains, also snows

(2) with Adjective Predicate

  • wǒ zuótiān bù shūfu, tā jīntiān yě bù shūfu
    我昨天不舒服,他今天也不舒服。
    I yesterday (was) not feeling well, he today also not feeling well
  • zuò dìtiě hěn piányi, yě hěnkuài
    坐地铁很便宜,也很快。
    taking subway (is) very inexpensive,  also very fast

 

 

Grammar 2: Every in Chinese 每 · HSK 1

To say every in Chinese we use the Pronoun 每 měi,  which means every. Usually we say 每 plus the Measure Word, plus the thing, following this structure:

 + Measure Word + Noun (Phrase)

For example,

  • měi wèi bìngrén
    每位病人
    every "wei" (of) patient
  • měi liàng chūzūchē
    每辆出租车
    every "liang" (of)  taxi

Some Time Words are especial and they can be used directly after 每, without any Measure Word, following this structure:

 +  Time Word

For example,

  • měi tiān 每天 every day
  • měi zhōu 每周 every week
  • měi nián 每年 every year
  • měi fēnzhōng 每分钟 every minute

Some other Time Words are okay both with or without the Measure Word, phrases with the measure word 个 is more of spoken language though:

 +  个 + Time Word

For example,

(1) with Measure Word 个

  • měi ge xiǎoshí 每个小时 every hour
  • měi ge xīngqī 每个星期 every week
  • měi ge yuè 每个月 every month

(2) without Measure Word 个

  • měi xiǎoshí 每小时 every hour
  • měi xīngqī 每星期 every week
  • měi yuè 每月 every month

 

Grammar 3: Both, All in Chinese 都 · HSK 1

To say both, all in Chinese we can use the Adverb 都.

都 is a Range Adverb 范围副词 Fànwéi fùcí. A 范围副词 modifies the Predicate, and suggests that “what the predicate talks about” includes the whole group that the Subject refers to. So the Subject usually refer to a group of things/items/people. Sentences that have Adverb 都 usually follow this structure:

Subject [Group(a, b, ... , n)] +  + Predicate (+Object)

For example,

(1) with Verb Predicate

  • xīngqīyī hé xīngqī'èr dōu xiàxuě le
    星期一和星期二都下雪了。
    Monday and Tuesday both (had) snow(ed)
  • tāmende míngzi dōushì sāngezì
    他们的名字都是三个字。
    their names all are three-character

(2) with Adjective Predicate

  • tāmende nánpéngyou dōu hěnshuài
    她们的男朋友都很帅。
    their boyfriends (areboth very handsome
  • huǒchē hé fēijī dōu búmàn
    火车和飞机都不慢。
    train(s) and plane(s) (are) both not slow

 

Grammar 4: The 每……都 Structure · HSK 1

Since 每 měi means every, phrases like "每个人 měigerén everyone", "每天 měi tiān every day" are basically talking about more than one thing/person, which is a "group". So 每 can be used with 都, as "the 每……都 Structure".

The 每……都 Structure is  a very useful and common structure in Chinese. Here the "每 phrase" is the Subject, with 每 + a noun. phrase, usually with the noun’s measure word, but sometimes there’s no measure word, and then the Adverbial 都, Predicate. Following this structure:

 Subject [每 (+ M.W.) + N. Phrase]  + Predicate (+Object)

For example,

(1) with Verb Predicate

  • měizhīmāo dōushì nǐde ma
    每只猫都是你的吗?
    every "zhi" cat all is yours -ma
  • měiwèi bìngrén dōu zǒu le
    每位病人都走了。
    every "wei" patient all (have) left

(2) with Adjective Predicate

  • měiliàngchē dōu hěnmàn
    每辆车都很慢。
    every "liang" che (are) all very slow
  • měitiān dōu fēicháng rè le
    每天都非常热了。
    every day (is)  all extremely hot (now)

 

And the 每 Phrase doesn’t necessarily have to be the Subject either. It is also commonly used as the Adverbial of the sentence, to modify the Predicate. Following this Structure:

Subject + Adverbial [每 (+ M.W.) + N. Phrase]  + Predicate (+Object)

For example,

  • wǒ měiwèi yīshēng dōu rènshi
    我每位医生都认识。
    I every "wei" of doctor all know
  • tā měifēnzhōng dōu xiǎng huíjiā
    他每分钟都想回家。
    he every minute all wants to go home

2
Lesson Discussions

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mindv0rtex
Premium Student
mindv0rtex

How come there is no 吗 at the end of the question 你的电脑很慢? Was it meant to be a statement instead?

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