Level 1 Lesson 21.1 – I Go Eat Pizza with My Boyfriend in A Restaurant

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To Do Something With Someone in Chinese with 和 | 来 vs. 去 vs. 回 in Chinese

In this video lesson we'll learn a very useful verb that means to come to in Chinese: 来. And we'll also learn the usage of Preposition 和, which can be used to say to do something with someone in Chinese.

  • To come to in Chinese: 来
  • To do something with someone in Chinese with 和
  • 来 vs. 去 vs. 回 in Chinese
  • Sentence Word Order in Chinese: Subject + Time Word + Place + Prepositional Phrase + Verb + Object



Grammar 1: To come to in Chinese: 来 · HSK 1

Today we have a very useful verb - to come to in Chinese: 来 lái. 来 suggest that the direction of traveling is coming towards where we are.

We can use 来 with this structure:

Subject +  + Place

For example:

  • tā jīntiān xiǎng lái wǒ jiā
    he wants to come to my house today
  • nǐ shénme shíhou lái Zhōngguó lǚyóu
    when (are) you com(ing) to China to travel
  • Zhāng Lǎoshī xiàge xīngqī bù lái shàngbān
    teacher Zhang (is) not com(ing) to work next week


Grammar 2: Compare Verb 来 vs. 去 vs. 回 in Chinese · HSK 1

In Lesson 16 and Lesson 17 we learned the verb qu 去 and the verb huí 回 in Chinese. Lái 来 is similar with them, all three of them indicating direction of travelling.

去 and 来 have the opposite meaning with each other. So they are a pair of Fányìcí 反义词,  Antonyms. Qù 去 mean to go or to go to some place, while 来 mean to come or to come to this place.

As shown in the picture below, if this is your point of view, anyone coming towards you, is 来, to come, and when you are going away from where you are is 去, to go.

And with huí 回, we do not know whether it is to come back or to go back, it could mean either one of them.


Grammar 3: To do something with someone in Chinese with 和 · HSK 1

We have learned 和 as a Conjunction in Lesson 20, in today's lesson we'll learn how to use 和 as a Preposition so that we can say to do something with someone in Chinese with 和.

We can follow this structure:

Subject + 和Object1 + Verb Predicate (+ Object2)

For example:

  • wǒ hé wǒde nǚpéngyou qù fànguǎn chī pīsà
    I go to the restaurant to eat pizza with my girlfriend
  • tā jīntiān hé nǎn péngyou lái wǒjiā zuò jiǎozi gěiwǒ chī
    today she comes to my home with her boyfriend to make dumplings for me to eat
  • wǒmen jīntiān zài xuéxiào hé Xiè Lǎoshī hē kāfēi
    we drank coffee with Teacher Xie at school today


Grammar 4: Sentence Word Order in Chinese  · HSK 

If a sentence has a lot of information, it has the Subject, Time, Place, other Prepositional Phrase, A Verb Predicate and its Object, the sentence word order can go like this:

Subject + Time Word + Place + Prepositional Phrase + Verb + Object

For example:

  • tā zuótiān zài fànguǎn hé nǚpéngyou chī pīsà
    He yesterday at restaurant with girlfriend eat pizza
  • Zhāng Lǎoshī  jīntiān zàijiā hé Xiè Lǎoshī kàn diànyǐng
    Teacher Zhang today at home with Teacher Xie watches movie.
Collapse Comments
Chris SterryPremium Student July 5, 2023 at 11:05 pm

I have a question about sentence structure using 和:
I think the first example is what you are teaching:
1. 我今天在家和你吃饭。
subject _time_place_和 etc

Are the two examples below also acceptable or incorrect?

2. 我今天和你在家吃饭。
3. 我和你今天在家吃饭。

carlosalaroliPremium Student February 22, 2022 at 9:11 pm

one question: 他想和你看电影 we put 想 before 和。 But in the other sentence: 他今天和女朋友来吃饭 we put the verb 来 NOT before the 和. can you explain me the difference? Many thanks

Juan Antonio CalderoPremium Student January 20, 2022 at 8:01 am


Ashley BurksPremium Student August 8, 2019 at 12:50 pm


Caleb McCarthyPremium Student May 3, 2023 at 10:45 am


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