To Do Something With Someone in Chinese with 和 | 来 vs. 去 vs. 回 in Chinese
In this video lesson we'll learn a very useful verb that means to come to in Chinese: 来. And we'll also learn the usage of Preposition 和, which can be used to say to do something with someone in Chinese.
- To come to in Chinese: 来
- To do something with someone in Chinese with 和
- 来 vs. 去 vs. 回 in Chinese
- Sentence Word Order in Chinese: Subject + Time Word + Place + Prepositional Phrase + Verb + Object
Grammar 1: To come to in Chinese: 来 · HSK 1
Today we have a very useful verb - to come to in Chinese: 来 lái. 来 suggest that the direction of traveling is coming towards where we are.
We can use 来 with this structure:
Subject + 来 + Place
- tā jīntiān xiǎng lái wǒ jiā
he wants to come to my house today
- nǐ shénme shíhou lái Zhōngguó lǚyóu
when (are) you com(ing) to China to travel
- Zhāng Lǎoshī xiàge xīngqī bù lái shàngbān
teacher Zhang (is) not com(ing) to work next week
Grammar 2: Compare Verb 来 vs. 去 vs. 回 in Chinese · HSK 1
去 and 来 have the opposite meaning with each other. So they are a pair of Fányìcí 反义词, Antonyms. Qù 去 mean to go or to go to some place, while 来 mean to come or to come to this place.
As shown in the picture below, if this is your point of view, anyone coming towards you, is 来, to come, and when you are going away from where you are is 去, to go.
And with huí 回, we do not know whether it is to come back or to go back, it could mean either one of them.
Grammar 3: To do something with someone in Chinese with 和 · HSK 1
We have learned hé 和 as a Conjunction in Lesson 20, in today's lesson we'll learn how to use 和 as a Preposition so that we can say to do something with someone in Chinese with 和.
We can follow this structure:
Subject + 和Object1 + Verb Predicate (+ Object2)
- wǒ hé wǒde nǚpéngyou qù fànguǎn chī pīsà
I go to the restaurant to eat pizza with my girlfriend
- tā jīntiān hé nǎn péngyou lái wǒjiā zuò jiǎozi gěiwǒ chī
today she comes to my home with her boyfriend to make dumplings for me to eat
- wǒmen jīntiān zài xuéxiào hé Xiè Lǎoshī hē kāfēi
we drank coffee with Teacher Xie at school today
Grammar 4: Sentence Word Order in Chinese · HSK
If a sentence has a lot of information, it has the Subject, Time, Place, other Prepositional Phrase, A Verb Predicate and its Object, the sentence word order can go like this:
Subject + Time Word + Place + Prepositional Phrase + Verb + Object
- tā zuótiān zài fànguǎn hé nǚpéngyǒu chī pīsà
He yesterday at restaurant with girlfriend eat pizza
- Zhāng Lǎoshī jīntiān zàijiā hé Xiè Lǎoshī kàn diànyǐng
Teacher Zhang today at home with Teacher Xie watches movie.