In this video lesson we'll learn a few sets of Time Words in Chinese, and focus on where to put a Time Word in Chinese sentences.
We have learned some Time Words before:
Today we'll learn more Time Words in Chinese:
|LAST YEAR||THIS YEAR||NEXT YEAR|
|LAST MONTH||THIS MONTH||NEXT MONTH|
|LAST WEEK||THIS WEEK||NEXT WEEK|
When we put a Time Word in a sentence, the Time Word can give us information about when the action takes place, or when a status persists.
In English the Time Word usually goes at the beginning or at the end of a sentence, but in Chinese it's different, we never put a Time Word at the end of a sentence. For example these are sentences with the wrong placement of Time Words in Chinese:
So where to put a Time Word in Chinese sentences? We usually① put a Time Word after the Subject and before the Predicate, which could be a verb(phrase) or an adjective (phrase):
These are some typical sentences with Time Words in Chinese:
❖ NOTE: ① Time Word can be used before the Subject as well, however for Beginner Chinese Level, we consider it a variation. When using a language, it is very common to have multiple acceptable variations for one type of expression. At beginner level, we recommend students to stick with the most common way of expression and gradually develop their language skill and be able to understand and use all variations. In more advanced levels, when we introduce a new grammar point, we will include more variations.
Remember we learned that sometimes a Noun can be used as a modifier of another Noun? For example:
Since Time Words are also nouns, they can be put before another noun (phrase) to function as a modifier by using the Descriptive Particle 的 between them:
When there are more than one Time Words together, the "bigger" ones go before the "smaller" one - the same rule as words that refer to places, the "bigger" places go before the "smaller" places. For example: