In this video lesson we'll learn about the Existential Sentence in Chinese with 有 and Locality Noun in Chinese using the example of 里. We'll also learn how to use 杯, 盘, 碗 as Measure Words.
There are many types of Nouns in Chinese, with Locality Noun being one of them.
A Locality Noun in Chinese suggest a specific direction or location. It helps us know to which direction of a place/item, or which location/part of a place/item we are talking about.
For example Locality Noun 里 lǐ suggests the inside part or the inside area of some place or some object.
We put the Locality Noun 里 after a place/object like this:
First with Place + 里
Then with Object + 里
Be careful that for Proper Nouns such as 中国 China, 北京 Beijing, 英国 Britain, we cannot put a Locality Noun after them. So we cannot say these phrases:
We need to say these phrases instead:
Existential Sentence in Chinese suggests the existence of something/someone at/in/on somewhere. It suggest similar meaning as "there is/are something at/in/on somewhere" sentence in English, only with different structure.
We learned that 有 yǒu means to have; to own, in an Existential Sentence it means to exist.
The structure of an Existential Sentence in Chinese with 有 goes like this:
Place/Object + (Locality Noun) + 有 + Object
For negative sentences we put méi 没 before yǒu 有
An Existential Sentence with Time Word does not use Locality Words such as yǒu 有, because Time Words do not suggest Location. The structure goes like this:
Just like in English we can say a bowl of something, a cup/glass of something and a plate of something, these tableware can also be used as Measure Words in Chinese.