Existential Sentence in Chinese with 有 | Locality Noun 里
In this video lesson we'll learn about the Existential Sentence in Chinese with 有 and Locality Noun in Chinese using the example of 里. We'll also learn how to use 杯, 盘, 碗 as Measure Words.
- Locality Noun in Chinese 里
- Existential Sentence in Chinese with 有 (I). See also (II).
- Measure Words in Chinese (V): 杯, 盘, 碗
Grammar 1: Locality Noun in Chinese - 里 · HSK 1
There are many types of Nouns in Chinese, with Locality Noun being one of them.
A Locality Noun in Chinese suggest a specific direction or location. It helps us know to which direction of a place/item, or which location/part of a place/item we are talking about.
For example Locality Noun 里 lǐ suggests the inside part or the inside area of some place or some object.
We put the Locality Noun 里 after a place/object like this:
Place/Object + 里
First with Place + 里
- fángzi li
the inside area of (a/the) house/apartment
the inside area of (a/the) home
- xuéxiào li
the inside area of (a/the) school
- shāngdiàn li
the inside area of (a/the) store
- shūdiàn li
the inside area of (a/the) bookstore
Then with Object + 里
- diànnǎo li
the inside area/part of (a/the) computer
- shǒu li
the inside area/part of (one's) hand
- wǎn li
the inside area of (a/the) bowl
- bēizi li
the inside area of (a/the) cup/glass
- pánzi li
the inside area of (a/the) plate
Be careful that for Proper Nouns such as 中国 China, 北京 Beijing, 英国 Britain, we cannot put a Locality Noun after them. So we cannot say these phrases:
Zhōngguó li 中国里 the inside of China Běijīng li 北京里 the inside of Beijing Yīngguó li 英国里 the inside of Britain.
We need to say these phrases instead:
- zài Zhōngguó
- zài Běijīng
- zài Yīngguó
Grammar 2: Existential Sentence in Chinese with 有 (I) · HSK 1
Existential Sentence in Chinese suggests the existence of something/someone at/in/on somewhere. It suggest similar meaning as "there is/are something at/in/on somewhere" sentence in English, only with different structure.
We learned that 有 yǒu means to have; to own, in an Existential Sentence it means to exist.
The structure of an Existential Sentence in Chinese with 有 goes like this:
Place/Object + (Locality Noun) + 有 + Object
- xuéxiào li yǒu liǎngwèi lǎoshī
there are two "wei" (of) teacher in the school
- shāngdiàn li yǒu sāntái diànnǎo
there are three "tai" (of) computers in the store
- wǒ shǒuli yǒu yíjiàn yīfu
there is a "jian" (of) clothes in my hand
- bēizili yǒu yìxiē kāfēi
there is some coffee in the cup
For negative sentences we put méi 没 before yǒu 有
- pánzili méiyǒu cài
there is no dish in the plate
- wǎnli méiyǒu dōngxi
there is no "things" in the bowl
Grammar 3: Existential Sentence with Time Word · HSK 1
An Existential Sentence with Time Word does not use Locality Words such as yǒu 有, because Time Words do not suggest Location. The structure goes like this:
Time Word + 有 + Object
- yìnián yǒu shí'èrge yuè
there are 12 months in a year
- sān yuè yǒu sānshí yī tiān
there are 31 days in March
Grammar 4: Measure Words in Chinese (V): 杯, 盘, 碗 · HSK 1
Just like in English we can say a bowl of something, a cup/glass of something and a plate of something, these tableware can also be used as Measure Words in Chinese.
- yìbēi kāfēi
a cup of coffee
- yìbēi shuǐ
a glass/cup of water
- yìpán cài
a plate of vegetable
- yìwǎn mǐfàn
a bowl of cooked rice