In this video lesson we'll learn how to say take transportation in Chinese with 坐 + a vehicle. We'll also learn the grammar about Prepositional Phrase in Chinese and Adverbial in Chinese as a Sentence Element, 句子成分 Jùzi chéngfèn.
We have already learned Verb 坐 meaning "to sit", in this lesson we'll talk about how to say to take transportation in Chinese with 坐 + a vehicle. So the structure goes like this:
Also 车 chē means cars in general, so if we say 坐车 zuòchē, it means to take an automobile in general without saying specifically which type.
If we're not "taking" a transportation and instead we're "driving" by ourselves, we can say to drive in Chinese with 开车 kāichē. Here 车 chē also means automobile in general, so 开车 kāichē is to say to drive in general.
Also, 开 can be used as "to pilot" a plane. So we can say 开飞机 kāifēijī.
So far we have learned some Preposition in Chinese, which is 在 zài, meaning "in, on or at", 给 gěi, usually meaning "for; to", and 和 hé, meaning with. A Prepositional Phrase is a phrase that is made of a Preposition and its Object. Take the Preposition 在 zài for example, we can use it with this structure:
Following are examples of Prepositional Phrase in Chinese with 在, indicating locations:
We can also use a Locality Noun after a place or item to specify which direction or location of the place/item we are referring to. So far we have learned these Locality Nouns: 上(面), 下(面), 里(面), 外(面), 前面, 后面. We can use this structure:
Following are examples of Prepositional Phrase in Chinese that indicate specific locations:
With 给 gěi and 和 hé, we can use this structure as well:
Following examples of Prepositional Phrase in Chinese with 给 or 和:
Just like in English, we have Adverbial in Chinese sentences as well. Adverbial 状语 Zhuàngyǔ is a Sentence Element 句子成分 Jùzi chéngfèn that modifies the Predicate, which can be a Verb (phrase), a Noun (phrase) or an Adjective (phrase).
When modifying a Verb Predicate, Adverbial in Chinese sentences tells us information about how, when, why, or where the action of the Verb Predicate is done.
Adverbial in Chinese sentences can be an Adverb (Phrase), a Noun (Phrase), or a Prepositional Phrase. And the Adverbial in Chinese sentences can go after the Subject and before the Predicate, following this strucutre:
Adverb (Phrase) as Adverbial
Noun (Phrase) as Adverbial
Prepositional Phrase as Adverbial
And if an Adverbial is made of more than one part, the structure goes like this: