In this HSK 1 lesson we'll learn how to say I live in somewhere in Chinese. We'll learn the differences between the Preposition 在 in Chinese and also the Verb 在 in Chinese. And we'll be able to say school and dormitory and their measure words.
If you're a day-1 beginner, please start with our Beginner's Basic Course.
|1||在2||zài||v.||to be in/at/on (+somewhere)|
|n/a||所||suǒ||mw.||measure word for institutions|
|1||学校||xuéxiào||n.||schools in general||
|1||间||jiān||mw.||measure word for rooms||
|5||宿舍||sùshè||n.||dormitory building; dormitory room||
zhù 住 to live
We can use this structure to say to live somewhere in Chinese:
zài 在 in/on/at (+somewhere)
在 can be used as a preposition, followed by a place, meaning the presence is in, on or at this place:
For negative sentences, the negative adverb 不 goes before the verb.
zài 在 to be in/on/at (+somewhere)
在 can also be used as a verb, followed by a place, meaning to be in, on or at this place.
For negative sentences, the negative adverb 不 goes before 在 because 在 is the verb itself.
We learned omission of Possessive Particle 的 in Basic Course Lesson 8.1. Sometimes there can be two Possessive Particle 的 in a phrase. In those situations, we can omit none, one, or both 的. So we can say the same phrase in four different ways (personally I prefer the last one because it's the easiest one to say):
|my friends' home|
||wǒde péngyoude jiā|
|我朋友的家||wǒ péngyoude jiā|
||wǒde péngyou jiā|
||wǒ péngyou jiā|
suǒ 所 measure word for institutions
jiān 间 measure word for rooms