In this video lesson we'll learn how to say here and there in Chinese, how to use "and" in Chinese with 和. We'll also learn how to say some animals like cat, dog and fish in Chinese, and how to refer to animals by using "it" in Chinese with 它.
We learned "where" in Chinese is nǎlǐ/nǎr 哪里/哪儿 in the previous lesson, in today's lesson we'll learn how to say here and there in Chinese.
Be careful of the differences between nǎ 哪 and nà 那 in both Characters and Pinyin Tones. Nǎ 哪 where, is the one with 口 on the left. Also 哪 is pronounced in the Third Tone, and 那 is Pronounced in the Fourth Tone.
|这里 / 这儿||那里 / 那儿||哪里 / 哪儿|
|zhèlǐ / zhèr||nàlǐ / nàr||nǎlǐ / nǎr|
When we want to say more than one person/item/thing together, we can put them together by using hé 和, which is a Conjunction, liáncí 连词. It is used to equally put a few language units together.
So we can say "and" in Chinese with 和 by using this structure:
Be careful that:
(1) 和 is only used once before the last person/item/thing
(2) we use "，" dòuhào 逗号 comma to separate each person/item/thing
(3) before 和, we do not use dòuhào 逗号 comma
(4) 和 can only be used to connect words and phrases, but cannot be used to connect sentences.
Unlike in English, 和 in Chinese cannot be used to connect sentences. Following are some sentences that we do not say in Chinese with 和.
This is how we say cat, dog and fish in Chinese:
But remember when mentioning how many of something, we need to follow the "number + measure word + thing" structure? So the following phrases are examples of using measure words for cat, dog and fish in Chinese
In English we say "it" a lot both as the Object of a sentence, or as the Subject or the Formal Subject of a sentence.
The direct translation word for "it" in Chinese is tā 它.
它 can also be both used as the Subject or the Object of a sentence, however, in Chinese we do not use 它 as the Formal Subject, nor do we use it to refer to nouns that are usually replaced with "it" such as weather.
Let's see how English sentences with "it" would be interpreted in Chinese.
As the Object:
As the Subject:
As the Formal Subject: