Adverb 就 Suggesting Very Soon | The 就(快)要……了 Structure | Approximate Number
In today's video lesson we’ll learn about how to use the Adverb 就 in Chinese to suggest "very soon in a short time", and the 就(快)要……了 structure. We'll also learn two ways to say Approximate Number in Chinese.
- Adverb 就 (I) "very soon in a short time". See also (II).
- The 就(快)要……了 Structure
- Approximate Number in Chinese 约数 (yuēshù)
Grammar 1: Adverb 就 (I) · HSK 2
The Adverb 就 can be used to suggest “(for an action or a state to happen) very soon in a short time”, the structure goes like this:
就 + a Verb (Phrase), or an Adjective (Phrase)
就 + [Verb/Adjective (Phrase)]
Usually there is a word or phrase that indicates time in the sentence. And with 就 it suggests that the time indicated is only “in a short while”.
- wǒ míngtiān jiù hé tā fēnshǒu
I （will) break up with from "very soon" tomorrow!
- línjū yí ge xiǎoshí yǐhòu jiù lái bāng wǒmen
(The) neighbor (will) help us "very soon" (in) one hour.
- diànyǐng hái yǒu shí fēnzhōng jiù kāishǐ le
(The) movie (will) "very soon" start (in) additionally 10 minutes.
Grammar 2: The 就(快)要……了 Structure · HSK 2
In Lesson 24, we have learned the (快)要……了 structure, which suggest "soon will". This structure can also be used together with the Adverb 就 as well, following this structure:
就(快/要) + Predicate + 了
- chāoshì jiù yào guānmén le
(The) supermarket "very soon will" close (door).
- kérén jiù kuài lái le
That place(,) I today went (for) two times.
- tiān jiù kuài yào qíng le
(The) sky "very soon will" (become) sunny.
Grammar 3: Approximate Number 约数 in Chinese · HSK 2
There are a few ways to say Approximate Number in Chinese. In today's lesson we have two ways:
N(N+1) suggests the approximate number that is around n and n+1, and 几 both mean "a few" in Chinese.
- tāmen fēnshǒu fēn le liǎngsān cì le
They broke up broke (for) two or three times (already).
- tāmen fēnshǒu fēn le jǐcì le
They broke up broke (for) a few times (already).
- zhè jiàn yùndòngfú 'èr sān shí kuài qián
This "jian" (of) sportswear (is) 20 (or) 30 "kuai" (of) money.
- zhè jiàn yùndòngfú jǐ shí kuài qián
This "jian" (of) sportswear (is) [a few 10s/20 to 90] money.