In this video lesson we'll learn how say distance with words like meters and kilometers in Chinese, and how to say the distance from a place, a point in time or a purpose in Chinese with 离. We'll also learn about "The 有 Sentence" Type 1, and how to ask a Question with Question Word 多.
In China, 米 and 公里 are used to say meters and kilometers in Chinese.
Another commonly used distance unit is lǐ 里, which is 500 meters.
Traditionally, the distance between two bus stops is 一里.
Nowadays, 米 and 公里 are more commonly used.
We have learned Preposition 从 meaning "from" in Lesson 11. 离 also suggests "the distance from". However 离 and 从 cannot be used in the same way. Their differences are as follows:
|Part of Speech||verb||preposition|
|Meaning||to be (a distance) away from another time point;
to be (a distance) away from another location;
to be (a distance) away from a purpose/goal that is not realized yet
|from (the starting point of time);
from (the starting point of a trip)
|A 离 B + a distance/an amount of time||
从 A(time point/location) 到 B(time point/location)
Below are example sentences where we can suggest a distance from in Chinese with 离:
(1) 离 suggesting to be (a distance) away from another time point
(2) 离 suggesting to be (a distance) away from another location
(3) 离 suggesting to be (a distance) away from a purpose/goal that is not realized yet
We have learn two types of usage of 有: (1) to have something or to own something, and (2) to exist in an Existential Sentence with 有.
In today's lesson, we'll learn (3) 有 as "to reach (the evaluation of...) in a '有 Sentence 有字句(Yǒuzìjù)'". The structure goes like this:
In one of the very beginner lessons, we've learned this sentence "你多大？" asking someone's age in Chinese.
The structure used here is,
In questions like this, 多 is a Question Pronoun, meaning "how much; in what degree; in what level". It is used to ask the degree of the Adjective following it. For example,