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Level 2 Lesson 8.1 – Even Though…, But… .

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虽然...但是...Structure in Chinese | Simple Sentence and Complex Sentence in Chinese

In this video lesson we'll learn how to use the 虽然...但是...structure in Chinese. And we'll also learn the difference between 单句 and 复句 Simple Sentence and Complex Sentence in Chinese.

  • Preposition 对: to be good to / to be good for. (I) and (II), see also (III).
  • 虽然...但是...structure in Chinese
  • 单句 and 复句 Simple Sentence and Complex Sentence in Chinese
  • Measure Word 场

VOCABULARY


GRAMMAR


Grammar 1: Preposition 对: Good To / Good For · HSK 2

Preposition 对 can be used to suggest "the relationships of treating" between people, things and behaviors. We will look at two ways to use it in today's lesson.

(1) Person 1 treats Person 2 in a ... way: Person 1 is... to Person 2.

Person 1 对 Person 2 + adj.

For example,

  • zhàngfu duì qīzi hěn hǎo
    丈夫对妻子很好。
    (the) husband (is) very good to (the) wife
  • jīnglǐ duì wǒmen bù hǎo
    经理对我们不好。
    (the) manager (is) not good to us

(2) Thing/Behavior 1 treats Thing/Behavior 2 in a ... way: Thing/Behavior 1 is... for Thing/Behavior.

  • yùndòng duì shēntǐ hěn jiànkāng
    运动对身体很健康。
    exercising (healthy) for (the) body
  • kāfēi duì xiǎoháizi bù hǎo
    咖啡对小孩子不好。
    coffee (is) not good for children

 

Grammar 2: 虽然...但是...structure in Chinese · HSK 2

虽然...但是 structure in Chinese is very commonly used. It suggests "even though...however..."

For example,

  • suīrán wǒ xiǎng dǎ lánqiú, dànshì wǒ jīntiān shēngbìng le, bù néng dǎ
    虽然我想打篮球,但是我今天生病了,不能打。
    though I want to play basketball, but I (have) become sick today, (and) cannot play.
  • wǒmen suīrán rènshi, dànshì búshì péngyou
    我们虽然认识,但是不是朋友。
    though we know (each other), but (we) are not friends

Although 虽然...但是 as a structure are often used together, but they can used separately as well.

For example,

  • wǒ bù dǎsuàn mǎi zhège lánqiú, suīrán liǎngbǎi yuán bùguì
    我不打算买这个篮球,虽然两百元不贵。
    I (do) not plan to buy this "ge" (of) basketball, even though 200 yuan (is) not expensive
  • wǒ měitiān hěn máng hěn lèi, dànshì hěn kuàilè
    我每天很忙、很累,但是很快乐。
    I (am) very busy, very tired every day, but (I am) very happy

Also, the 虽然...但是...structure can be changed a little into 虽然...可是..., 虽然...但..., or 虽然...可.... So we can use all of the following four structures:

Though..., however... .
虽然……,但是……。
虽然……,可是……。
虽然……,但……。
虽然……,可……。

 

Grammar 3: Simple Sentence and Complex Sentence in Chinese · HSK 2

We've already learned before that a typical Chinese Sentence is constructed with this structure:

Subject + Predicate (+ Object )

Sentences like this are called 单句, Simple Sentence.

And when we put two or even more 单句 together, usually linked by Conjunctions, we get a 复句, Complex Sentence, and Simple Sentences in a Complex Sentence are called Clauses, 从句. So far we’ve learned two pairs of Conjunctions that are commonly used to link 单句 into 复句: 虽然…但是…, and 因为…所以…

A 复句 Complex Sentence in Chinese can be used to express more complicated meaning and give a more detailed description about the situation. They are very useful and there are a lot of different types of them, we’ll learn more in our future lessons.

 

Grammar 4: Measure Word 场 · HSK 2

Measure Word 场 can be used to measure the action of watching or having games, matches and other similar events like performances or shows. So it is not a Measure Word for Nouns such as objects, items or people. 场 is a Measure Word for Actions.

Measure Word for Actions can be used in the same way that Measure Word for Nouns are used:

Verb + Number + 场 + Nouns (for the event)

For example,

(1) for the action of watching the event

  • wǒmen yào dào xuéxiào qù kàn yìchǎng lánqiú bǐsài
    我们要到学校去看一场篮球比赛。
    we intend to go to (the) school to watch a "chang" (of) game

(2) for the action of having the event

  • nǐmen hé nàge xuéxiào tī jǐchǎng zúqiú bǐsài
    你们和那个学校踢几场足球比赛?
    you guys play soccer game with which "ge" (of) school

 

Sometimes the Verb can be committed as well, following this structure:

Number + 场 + Nouns (for the event)

But the meaning of 场 is still measuring the action of watching or having the event. For example,

  • nàr yǒu yì chǎng zúqiú bǐsài
    那儿有一场足球比赛。
    there is a "chang" (of) soccer game
  • yígeyuè shíchǎng bǐsài tàiduō le
    一个月十场比赛太多了!
    10 "chang" (of) games (per) one month (is) too much
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