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[New HSK] Supplement Lesson – 07 – Characters And Vocabulary

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[2021 New HSK] Supplement Lesson 07: Characters And Vocabulary

In 2021, the new HSK added many vocabulary and other language skills that are not included in the old HSK.

ChineseFor.US has since added 10 new HSK supplement lessons to make sure that the  2021 new HSK 3 requirements are all covered.

In this lesson we'll use some common Chinese characters to make multiple useful Chinese words.

 

CHARACTERS AND WORD-MAKING


 动 dòng ▸ to move ▸ to act 

 

动作 dòngzuò · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 liàngcí ▸ movement; action; motion

动物 dòngwù · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 2

n. 名词 liàngcí ▸ animal

动物园 dòngwùyuán · - / NEW HSK 2

n. 名词 liàngcí ▸ zoo

 

  • yí ge dòngzuò
    一个动作
    one “ge” (of) action/movement
  • zuò dòngzuò
    做动作
    to do (an) action/movement
  • Tā dòngzuò hěn kuài, yǐjīng dào le.
    他动作很快,已经到了。
    He (-) action (is) very fast, (he) already arrived.

 

 地 dì ▸ earth ▸ ground ▸ region ▸ place 

 

地点 dìdiǎn · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ place; location; site; spot

地方 dìfang · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ place; location

地图 dìtú · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ map

 

  • Tā bú jìde kāihuì de shíjiān hé dìdiǎn le.
    她不记得开会的时间和地点了。
    She (does) not remember (the) time and location (of) having-(the)-meeting (already).
  • Tāmen shàng cì jiànmiàn de dìdiǎn jiù zài zhè ge túshūguǎn.
    他们上次见面的地点就在这个图书馆。
    (The) location (where) they last time met “exactly” is-in this “ge” (of) library.

 

  • yì zhāng dìtú
    一张地图
    one “zhang” (of) map
  • Zhōngguó dìtú
    中国地图
    map (of) China

 

 路 lù ▸ road; path; street ▸ distance travelled; journey 

 口 kǒu ▸ opening; entrance; mouth 

路上 lùshang · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ the path that is on the road

马路 mǎlù · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ road (usually wide and with even surface)

路口 lùkǒu · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ intersection; crossing

门口 ménkǒu · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ entrance; doorway; threshold

 

  • Lù shang, qìchē huài le.
    路上,汽车坏了。
    (On the) path (that is on the (road), (the) car broke.
  • Wǒ duì zúqiú gēn lánqiú dōu hěn gǎn xìngqù.
    我在去学校的路上看见张老师了。
    I (,) (on the) path (on the) road (to) go-to (the) school(,) saw Teacher Zhang.

 

  • guò mǎ lù
    过马路
    to go-across (the) road
  • Zhè tiáo mǎlù shang yǒu hěn duō chē.
    这条马路上有很多车。
    (On the) surface (of) this “tiao” (of) road “exists” very many vehicles.

 

 国 guó ▸ country; nation 

 外 wài ▸ outside; exterior 

国家 guójiā · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ country; nation

国外 guówài · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ countries or territories outside of the home country

外国 wàiguó · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ foreign country

外语 wàiyǔ · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ foreign language

 

  • Wǒ zài nà ge guójiā zhù guo jǐ nián.
    我在那个国家住过几年。
    I(,) in that “ge” (of) country(,) (have ever) lived (for) several years.

 

  • Tā xiǎng dào guówài qù shàng dàxué.
    他想到国外去上大学。
    He wants to go-to countries-overseas to-go to-attend university/college.

 

  • wàiguó rén
    外国人
    foreigner
  • Tā kāi de shì yí liàng wàiguó chē.
    他开的是一辆外国车。
    (The one that) he drives is one “liang” (of) foreign-country car.

 

  • wàiyǔ xuéyuàn
    外语学院
    school of foreign-languages
  • Tā shuō wàiyǔ shuō de hěn bú cuò.
    他说外语说得很不错。
    He speaks foreign-language speaks very not-bad.

 

 饭 fàn ▸ cooked rice ▸ meal 

早饭 zǎofàn · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ breakfast

午饭 wǔfàn · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ lunch

晚饭 wǎnfàn · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ dinner; supper

吃饭 chīfàn · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to eat meals (in general)

米饭 mǐfàn · OLD HSK 1 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ cooked rice

饭店 fàndiàn · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ restaurant (usually bigger and nicer) ▸ hotel

饭馆 fànguǎn · OLD HSK 1 / NEW HSK 2

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ restaurant (usually smaller)

 

  • Fàndiàn yìbān bǐ fànguǎn dà, bǐ fànguǎn guì.
    饭店一般比饭馆大,比饭馆贵。
    “Fandian”-restaurants (are) generally bigger than “fanguan”-restaurants, (and are) more expensive than “fanguan”-restaurants.

 

 子 zi ▸ suffix used to make a noun 

包子 bāozi · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸steamed stuffed bun (a type of Chinese dim-sum)

杯子 bēizi · OLD HSK 1 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ cup; glass

桌子 zhuōzi · OLD HSK 1 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ table; desk

本子 běnzi · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ notebook

房子 fángzi · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ house

儿子 érzi · OLD HSK 1 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ son

孩子 háizi · OLD HSK 2 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ child

 

 男 nán ▸ male 

男人 nánrén · OLD HSK 2 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸man

男生 nánshēng · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ boy student ▸ (young) boy

男孩 nánhái · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ boy

男孩儿 nánháir · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ boy

男朋友 nánpéngyou · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ boyfriend

 

 

 女 nǚ ▸ female 

女人 nǚrén · OLD HSK 2 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸woman

女生 nǚshēng · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ girl student ▸ (young) girl

女儿 nǚ'ér · OLD HSK 1 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ daughter

女孩 nǚhái · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ girl

女孩儿 nǚháir · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ girl

女朋友 nǚpéngyou · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ girlfriend

 

 

 课 kè ▸ class 

 

课本 kèběn · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ textbook

课文 kèwén · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ the text of a lesson

上课 shàngkè · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸to start class (as schedule); to attend class; to give class

下课 xiàkè · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ to end class (as schedule)

 

  • Zhè běn kèběn shang de kèwén dōu hěn nán.
    这本课本上的课文都很难。
    (The) texts (of the) lessons (in) this “ben” (of) textbook (are) all very difficult.

 

 机 jī ▸ machine 

 

手机 shǒujī · OLD HSK 2 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ cellphone; mobile phone

电视机 dàinshìjī · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ TV set

飞机 fēijī · OLD HSK 1 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸airplane

飞机场 fēijīchǎng · OLD HSK 6 / -

n. 名词 míngcí ▸airport

机场 jīchǎng · OLD HSK 2 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸airport

机票 jīpiào · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ plane ticket

 

 书 shū ▸ book 

 

书包 shūbāo · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ book bag; school bag

书店 shūdiàn · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ bookstore

读书 dúshū · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ to read books ▸ to attend school

图书馆 túshuāguǎn · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸library

 

 听 tīng ▸ to hear 

 

听到 tīngdào · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to listen with the result of hearing

听见 tīngjiàn · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to listen with the result of hearing

好听 hǎotīng · - / NEW HSK 1

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ good-sounding; pleasant to listen to

听写 tīngxiě · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to dictate; to do a dictation

 

  • Zhōu Lǎoshī míngtiān yào gěi wǒmen tīngxiě dì sān kè de shēngcí .
    周老师明天要给我们听写第三课的生词。
    Teacher Zhou tomorrow intends to dictate (the) new words (of) Lesson 3 to us.

 

 学 xué ▸ to learn; to study ▸ school

 

上学 shàngxué · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ to attend school

同学 tóngxué · OLD HSK 1 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ classmate

教学楼 jiàoxuélóu · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ teaching building; classroom building

小学 xiǎoxué · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ elementary school

中学 zhōngxué · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ middle/high school (7th-12th grade)

大学 dàxué · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ university; college

小学生 xiǎoxuéshnēng · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ elementary school student

中学生 zhōngxuéshēng · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ middle/high school (7th-12th grade) student

大学生 dàxuéshēng · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ university student; college student

 

 有 yǒu ▸ to have 

 

有名 yǒumíng · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸famous

有用 yǒuyòng · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ useful

有趣 yǒuqù · OLD HSK 6 / -

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ interesting; amusing

 

  • Zhè zuò shān fēicháng yǒumíng.
    这座山非常有名。
    This “zuo” (of) mountain (is) very famous.
  • Xué Hànyǔ duì zhù zài Zhōngguó de wàiguórén hěn yǒuyòng.
    学汉语对住在中国的外国人很有用。
    Learning Chinese (is) very useful for foreigners (that) live in China.

 

 车 chē ▸ vehicle 

 

汽车 qìchē · OLD HSK 2 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ automobile

火车 huǒchē · OLD HSK 1 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸train

车票 chēpiào · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ vehicle ticket

车上 chēshàng · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ (the area that is) on the vehicle

打车 dǎchē · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to call a taxi; to hire a taxi

开车 kāichē · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to drive vehicle

上车 shàngchē · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to get onto a vehicle

下车 xiàchē · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to get down from a vehicle

 

 票 piào ▸ ticket 

 

车票 chēpiào · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ vehicle ticket

机票 jīpiào · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸plane ticket

门票 ménpiào · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ entry ticket

电影票 diànyǐngpiào · - / -

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ movie ticket

 

 中 zhōng ▸ middle; center 

 

中间 zhōngjiān · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ middle; center; interspace

中午 zhōngwǔ · OLD HSK 1 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸noon

中学 zhōngxué · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ middle/high school (7th-12th grade)

 

 知 zhī ▸ middle; center 

 

知道 zhīdào · OLD HSK 2 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ middle; center; interspace

知识 zhīshi  · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸noon

 

  • Zhè xiē zhīshi hěn yǒuyòng.
    这些知识很有用。
    These knowledge (is) very useful.
  • Wǒ zài kèběn shang xuéxí le hěn duō xīn zhīshi.
    我在课本上学习了很多新知识。
    I(,) (on the) textbook-surface learned very much new knowledge.

 

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