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[New HSK] Supplement Lesson – 03 – Vocabulary

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[2021 New HSK] Supplement Lesson 03: Vocabulary

In 2021, the new HSK added many vocabulary and other language skills that are not included in the old HSK.

ChineseFor.US has since added 10 new HSK supplement lessons to make sure that the  2021 new HSK 3 requirements are all covered.

 

VOCABULARY LIST


HSK
2.0
HSK
3.0
CHINESE PINYIN P.O.S. ENGLISH
- 1 白天
báitiān n. daytime
1 1 起来
qǐlai v. to stand up from sitting or lying; to sit up from lying
2 1 穿
chuān v. to wear (clothing, not accessories); to put on (clothing, not accessories)
3 1
lóu n. / m.w. building / Measure Word for floors or stories of buildings or houses
6 7-9
dòng m.w. Measure Word for buildings and houses
- 1 楼上

lóushàng n. upstairs
- 1 楼下
lóuxià n. downstairs
- 4 上楼
shànglóu v. to go up the building
- 4 下楼
xiàlóu v. to go down the building
- 1 上车
shàngchē v. to get onto a vehicle
- 1 下车
xiàchē v. to get down from a vehicle
- 1 打开
dǎkāi v. 1) to open (by pulling, uncovering, unlocking or untying…) 2) to turn on (electric devices)
- 1 关上
guānshàng v. 1) to close (by pushing, covering, locking or tying...) 2) to turn off (electric devices)
- 1 打车
dǎchē v. to call a taxi; to hire a taxi
6 1 路口
lùkǒu n. intersection; crossing
6 1 门口
ménkǒu n. entrance; doorway; threshold
3 1
v. to grab, take, hold, seize or fetch sth. with hand
3 1
fàng v. 1) to add into 2) to place
3 2
jiè v. to borrow (sth.); to lend (sth.)
3 1
huán v. to give back (sth.); to return (sth.)

VOCABULARY USAGE


1. 白天 báitiān ·  / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ daytime

 

  • Tā wǎnshang gōngzuò, báitiān shuìjiào.
    他晚上工作,白天睡觉。
    He works (at) night, sleeps (in the) daytime.
  • Xiànzài tài wǎn le, míngtiān báitiān wǒ gěi nǐ dǎ diànhuà ba!
    现在太晚了,明天白天我给你打电话吧!
    Now (it is) too late, tomorrow daytime I (will) make phone-call to you!

 

2. 起床 qǐchuáng · OLD HSK 2 / NEW HSK 1

(1) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to rise up from bed; to get up from bed

  • Wǒ hái bù xiǎng qǐchuáng.
    我还不想起床。
    I still (do) not want to get-up.

(2) Detachable Compound 离合词 líhécí ▸to rise up from bed; to get up from bed

  • Jīntiān wǒ wǔ diǎn qǐ de chuáng.
    今天我五点起的床。
    (It was at) five o’clock (that I) got-up.

 

3. 穿 chuān · OLD HSK 2 / NEW HSK 1

(1) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to wear (clothing, not accessories)

  • Nánshēng nǚshēng men dōu chuān zhe gāngānjìngjìng de xiàofú.
    男生女生们都穿着干干净净的校服。
    Boys and girls (are) all wearing very clean school-uniforms.

(2) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to put on (clothing, not accessories)

  • chuān yīfu
    穿衣服
    to wear clothes; to put on clothes

 

4. 楼 lóu · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

(1) n. 名词 míngcí ▸ building

5. 栋 dòng · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 7-9

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ Measure Word for buildings and houses

  • bàngōnglóu
    办公楼
    office building
  • sùshè lóu
    宿舍楼
    dormitory building
  • jiàoxué lóu
    教学楼
    teaching building
  • yí dòng lóu
    一栋楼
    one “dong” (of) building
  • yí dòng dà lóu
    一栋大楼
    one “dong” (of) big building

 

  • Wǒ jiā jiù zhù zài zhè dòng lóu li.
    我家就住在这栋楼里。
    My home “exactly” live in this “dong” (of) building-inside.
  • Zhè dòng sùshè lóu li yǒu jǐ bǎi ge dàxuéshēng.
    这栋宿舍楼里有几百个大学生。
    This “dong” (of) dormitory-building-inside “exists” several hundreds “ge” (of) university students.

 

(2) m.w. 量词 liàngcí  ▸ Measure Word for floors or stories of buildings or houses

  • yī lóu
    一楼
    Floor 1
  • èr lóu
    二楼
    Floor 2
  • shí bā lóu
    十八楼
    Floor 18

 

  • Wǒ jiā zhù zài liù lóu.
    我家住在6楼。
    My homes lives on (the) 6th Floor.
  • Nǐ de bàngōngshì zài jǐ lóu?
    你的办公室在几楼?
    Which floor is your office-room on?

 

6. 楼上 lóushàng · / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ upstairs

7. 楼下 lóuxià · / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ downstairs

 

  • Dìdi de fángjiān zài lóu shàng, wǒ de zài lóu xià.
    弟弟的房间在楼上,我的在楼下。
    (My) little brother’s room is-at upstairs, my (room) is-at downstairs.
  • Tā jiā zhù zài wǒ jiā lóuxià, wǒ zhù bā lóu, tā zhù ’èr lóu.
    他家住在我家楼下,我住8楼,他住2楼。
    His home lives at (the) downstairs (of) my home, I live on (the) 8(th) Floor, he lives-on (the) 2(nd) Floor.

 

8. 上楼 shànglóu · / NEW HSK 4

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to go up the building

9. 下楼 xiàlóu · / NEW HSK 4

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to go down the building

 

  • Xià lóu bú lèi, shàng lóu lèi.
    下楼不累,上楼累。
    Going-up (the) building (is) not tiring, going-down (the) building (is) tiring.

 

10. 上车 shàngchē · / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to get onto a vehicle

11. 下车 xiàchē · / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to get down from a vehicle

 

  • Shàng chē ba! Méi shíjiān le.
    上车吧!没时间了。
    Get-onto (the) vehicle! (There is) no time (already).
  • Wǒ zài zhè ge zhàn xià chē.
    我在这个站下车。
    I at this “ge” (of) stop get-down (from the) vehicle.

 

12. 打开 dǎkāi · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸(1) to open (by pulling, uncovering, unlocking or untying…); (2) to turn on (electric devices)

13. 关上 guānshàng · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸(1) to close (by pushing, covering, locking or tying...); (2) to turn off (electric devices)

 

  • dǎkāi mén
    打开门
    to open the door/gate
  • guān shàng mén
    关上门
    to close the door/gate

 

  • dǎkāi diànnǎo
    打开电脑
    to turn on the computer
  • guān shàng diànnǎo
    关上电脑
    to turn off the computer

 

14. 打车 dǎchē · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸to call a taxi; to hire a taxi

 

  • Wǒ shì dǎ chē lái de, tā shì zìjǐ kāi chē lái de.
    我是打车来的,他是自己开车来的。
    (It was by) taking-taxt (that) I came (here), (it was by) driving (that) he came (here).
  • Yīqián zài jiē shang dǎchē yào děng hěn jiǔ, xiànzài yòng shǒujī dǎchē gèng fāngbiàn le.
    以前在街上打车要等很久,现在用手机打车更方便了。
    Before taking-taxi in (the) street-surface (we) needed to wait (for) very long, now using cellphone to take-taxi (is) more convenient.

 

15. 路口 lùkǒu · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸intersection; crossing

16. 门口 ménkǒu · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸entrance; doorway; threshold

 

  • Dào le lùkǒu, wǒ wǎng zuǒ zǒu, nǐ wǎng yòu zǒu.
    到了路口,我往左走,你往右走。
    (After) arriving (the) intersection, I go towards (the) left, you go towards (the) right.
  • Zhè ge lùkǒu yǒu jiā shāngdiàn.
    这个路口有家商店。
    This “ge” (of) intersection “exists” one “jia” (of) shop.

 

  • Wǒ jiā ménkǒu yǒu yì kē dà shù.
    我家门口有一棵大树。
    (The area at the) doorway (of) my home “exists” one “ke” (of) big tree.
  • Bié shuōhuà le, lǎoshī zài jiàoshì ménkǒu ne!
    别说话了,老师在教室门口呢!
    (Do) not talk (anymore), (the) teacher is-at (the) classroom doorway!

 

17. 拿 ná · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to grab, take, hold, seize or fetch sth. with hand

 

  • Tā shǒu li ná zhe yì běn kèběn.
    他手里拿着一本课本。
    His hand-inside is grabbing one “ben” (of) textbook.
  • Háizi, bié ná biérén de dōngxi.
    孩子,别拿别人的东西。
    Child, (do) not take other people stuff.
  • Chīfàn le, kuài qù chūfáng ná wǎn.
    吃饭了,快去厨房拿碗。
    (It is already the time to) eat meal, quickly go to (the) kitchen to grab (the) bowls.

 

18. 放 fàng · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

(1) v. 动词 dòngcí▸ to add into

  • Cài li fàng le shénme? Zhēn hǎochī!
    菜里放了什么?真好吃!
    What (has been) add-into (the) dish-inside? (It is) really tasty!
  • Béi fàng rèshuǐ, wǒ xǐhuan hē lěng de.
    别放热水,我喜欢喝冷的。
    (Do) not put-in hot water, I like drinking (things that are) cold.

 

(2) v. 动词 dòngcí▸ to place

  • Bāozi wǒ fàng zài chúfáng li le.
    包子我放在厨房里了。
    (The) steam-stuffed-buns (-) I put in kitchen-inside (already).
  • Wǒ de qiánbāo fàng zài nǎr le?
    我的钱包放在哪儿了?
    My wallet (-) (has been) placed in where?

 

19. 借 jiè · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 2

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to borrow (sth.); to lend (sth.)

20. 还 huán · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to give back (sth.); to return (sth.)

 

  • Nǐ de zìxíngchē néng jiè gěi wǒ ma?
    你的自行车能借给我吗?
    Your bicycle (-) can (it be) lent to me?
  • Wǒ dào túshūguǎn qù jiè shū.
    我到图书馆去借书。
    I go to (the) library to borrow book.

 

  • Qián wǒ huán gěi Xiǎo Zhōu le.
    钱我还给小周了。
    Money (-) I returned to Little Zhou (already).
  • Shǒujī nǐ bù dǎsuàn huán gěi tā le ma?
    手机你不打算还给他了吗?
    (The) cellphone (-) (do)n’t you plan to return (it) to him?

 

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