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[New HSK] Supplement Lesson – 05 – Vocabulary

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[2021 New HSK] Supplement Lesson 05: Vocabulary

In 2021, the new HSK added many vocabulary and other language skills that are not included in the old HSK.

ChineseFor.US has since added 10 new HSK supplement lessons to make sure that the  2021 new HSK 3 requirements are all covered.

 

VOCABULARY LIST


HSK
2.0
HSK
3.0
CHINESE PINYIN P.O.S. ENGLISH
3 1
bàn num. half
1 1
chà v. to fall short of; to be short of
6 1
guò v. to pass; to go pass
3 1 一边
yìbiān adv. to indicate that two actions are performed at the same time
3 1 一会儿
yíhuìr num.-m.w. phr. a little while; a short while
- 1 一块儿
yíkuàir adv. together
- 1 一点儿
yìdiǎnr num.-m.w. phr. a little bit
- 1
máo m.w. Measure Word for money, 1/10 RMB [*equals to 角 jiǎo]
2 1

yuán m.w. Measure Word for RMB; yuan
3 1 中间
zhōngjiān n. middle; center; interspace
- 1 ~上
shàng n. the surface (of/on...); the top (of/on...)
3 1 饿
è adj. hungry
3 1
kǒu n. mouth
3 1
adj. thirsty
- - 口渴
kǒukě adj. thirsty

VOCABULARY USAGE


1. Time Expressions

qiántiān
前天
the day
before yesterday
zuótiān
昨天
 yesterday
jīntiān
今天
today
míngtiān
明天
tomorrow
hòutiān
后天
the day
after tomorrow
qiánnián
前年
the year
before last
qùnián
去年
last year
jīnnián
今年
this year
míngnián
明年
next year
hòunián
后年
the year
after next

 

shàng ge yuè
上个月
last month
zhè ge yuè
这个月
this month
xià ge yuè
下个月
next month
shàng cì
上次
last time
zhè cì
这次
this time
xià cì
下次
next time

 

2. 半 bàn · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

num. 词 shùcí ▸ half

  • liù diǎn bàn
    六点半
    6 o’clock half; 6:30
  • shí yī diǎn bàn
    十一点半
    11 o’clock half; 11:30

 

  • bàn nián
    半年
    half (a) year
  • bàn tiān
    半天
    half (a) day
  • bàn ge yuè
    半个月
    half “ge” (of) month

 

  • bàn ge píngguǒ
    半个苹果
    half “ge” (of) apple

 

3. 差 chà · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to fall short of; to be short of

 

  • chà wǔ fēn sì diǎn
    差五分四点
    to-be-short-of 5 minutes - 4 o’clock; 3:55
  • sān diǎn chà shí fēn
    三点差十分
    3 o’clock - to-be-short-of 10 minutes; 2:50

 

  • chà sān fēn qī diǎn
    差三分七点
    to-be-short-of 3 minutes - 7 o’clock; 6:57
  • qī diǎn chà sān fēn
    七点差三分
    7 o’clock - to-be-short-of 3 minutes; 6:57

 

4. 过 guò · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to pass; to go pass

 

  • yī diǎn guò shí fēn
    一点过十分
    1 o’clock go-past 10 minutes; 1:10
  • liǎng diǎn guò wǔ fēn
    两点过五分
    2 o’clock go-past 5 minutes; 2:05

 

  • Yǐjīng guò le shí ’èr diǎn le, shuìjiào ba!
    已经过了十二点了,睡觉吧!
    (It) already went-past 12 o’clock, sleep!
  • Dōu bā diǎn guò le, nǐ hái bù qǐlái?
    都八点过了,你还不起来?
    8 o’clock already went-past, you still not (going to) get-up?

 

5. 一边  yìbiān · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

Conjunctive adv. 关联副词 guānliánfùcí to indicate that two actions are performed at the same time

 

一边……一边…… / 边……边……

yìbiān...yìbiān... / biān...biān... ▸ to do ... and ... at the same time

 

  • Háizi men yìbiān chànggē, yìbiān tiàowǔ.
    Háizi men biān chànggē, biān tiàowǔ.
    孩子们一边唱歌,一边跳舞。
    孩子们边唱歌,边跳舞。
    (The) children are singing-songs, while dancing.
  • Xiǎo Zhāng yìbiān shàngxué, yìbiān gōngzuò.
    Xiǎo Zhāng biān shàngxué, biān gōngzuò.
    小张一边上学,一边工作。
    小张边上学,边工作。
    Little Zhang is attending-school, while working.

 

6. 一会儿  yìhuìr · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

num.-m.w. phr. 数量短语 shùliàngduǎnyǔ ▸ a little while; a short while

 

  • Wǒ xiànzài zài kāihuì, yíhuìr gěi nǐ huí diànhuà.
    我现在在开会,一会儿给你回电话。
    I now am having-(a)-meeting, (in) “a short while” (I will) return phone-call to you.
  • Wǒ xiànzài zài kāihuì, yíhuìr gěi nǐ huí diànhuà.
    我现在在开会,一会儿给你回电话。
    I now am having-(a)-meeting, (in) “a short while” (I will) return phone-call to you.

 

7. 一块儿 yíkuàir · - / NEW HSK 1

adv. 副词 fùcí ▸ together

 

  • Wǒmen yíkuàir qù túshūguǎn ba!
    我们一块儿去图书馆吧!
    (Let) us together go-to (the) library!
  • Wàigōng gēn wàipó zài yíkuàir zuò bāozi.
    外公跟外婆在一块儿做包子。
    Grandpa and grandma are together making stuffed-steamed-buns.

 

8. 一点儿 yìdiǎnr · / NEW HSK 1

num.-m.w. phr. 数量短语 shùliàngduǎnyǔ ▸ a little bit

 

  • Wǒ shēn shang yǒu yìdiǎnr qián.
    我身上有一点儿钱。
    “Places-to-carry-money-and-things-on-my-clothes/bags” exist “a little bit” (of) money.
  • Yéye chī le yìdiǎnr dōngxi.
    爷爷吃了一点儿东西。
    Grandpa ate “a little bit” stuff.

 

9. 毛 máo · - / NEW HSK 1

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ Measure Word for money, 1/10 RMB [*equals to 角 jiǎo]

10. 元 yuán · OLD HSK 2 / NEW HSK 1

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ Measure Word for RMB; yuan

 

  • bā máo
    八毛
    8 “mao”; 0.8 yuan
  • yì máo qián
    一毛钱
    one “mao” (of) money; 0.1 yuan
  • liǎng yuán
    两元
    two yuan
  • shí wǔ yuán qián
    十五元钱
    15 “yuan” (of) money

 

  • liù yuan bā máo
    liù yuan bā máo qián
    六元八毛
    六元八毛钱
    6 “yuan” 8 “mao” (of) money = 6.8 yuan

 

 

11. 东 南 西 北 dōng nán xī běi · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ east south west north

12. 东边 西边 南边 北边 dōngbiān xībiān nánbiān běibiān · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ east-side south-side west-side north-side

 

dōng

east

nán

south


西
west

běi

north

dōngbiān
东边
east side; east part

nánbiān
南边
south side; south part

xībiān
西边
west side; west part

běibiān
北边
north side; north part

 

  • Wǒ wǎng dōng zǒu le wǔ bǎi mǐ, dào le yīyuàn yòu wǎng nán zǒu le liǎng bǎi mǐ.
    我往东走了五百米,到了医院又往南走了两百米。
    I walked 500 meters towards (the) east, (after) arriving (the) hospital (I) again walked 200 meters towards (the ) south.
  • Nà zuò shān zài xībiān.
    那座山在西边。
    That “zuo” (of) mountain is-at (the) west-side.
  • Xuéxiào běibiān yǒu yì jiā chāoshì.
    学校北边有一家超市。
    (The) north-side (of the) school exists one “jia” (of) supermarket.

 

13. 中间 zhōngjiān · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ middle; center; interspace

 

  • jiàoshì zhōngjiān
    教室中间
    (the) middle (of the) classroom
  • lù zhōngjiān
    路中间
    (the) middle (of the) road/street

 

  • Bàngōngshì zhōngjiān yǒu yì zhāng dà zhuōzi.
    办公室中间有一张大桌子。
    “There is” one “zhang” (of) big table (in the) middle (of the) office.
    Nǐ míngzi zhōngjiān de nà ge zì zěnme dú?
    你名字中间的那个字怎么读?
    That “ge” (of) character (that is in) the-middle (of) your name (-) how-to read?

 

14. ~上 ~shàng · - / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸the surface (of/on...); the top (of/on...)

 

  • tiān shang
    天上
    (the area of/on the) sky-surface
  • dì shang
    地上
    (the area of/on the) ground-surface

 

  • shēnshang
    身上
    places to carry money and things on one's clothes, bags, etc.
  • Wǒ shēnshang yǒu shǒujī hé qiánbāo.
    我身上有手机和钱包。
    “Places-to-carry-money-and-things-on-my-clothes/bags” exist (my) cellphone and (my) wallet.

 

15. 饿 è · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ hungry

 

  • Nǐ ’è bu ’è?
    Nǐ ’è le ma?
    Nǐ ’è le méi yǒu?
    你饿不饿?
    你饿了吗?
    你饿了没有?
    (Are) you hungry (or) not hungry?
    (Have) you (got) hungry?
    (Have) you (got) hungry (or) not?

 

  • Wǒ bú ’è, wǒ yǐjīng chī le fàn le.
    我不饿,我已经吃了饭了。
    I (am) not hungry, I already ate (the) meal.
  • Wǒ méi ’è, wǒ zǎoshang chī de duō.
    我没饿,我早上吃得多。
    I (have) not (got) hungry, I (in the) morning ate a-lot.

 

16. 口 kǒu · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸mouth

17. 渴 kě · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ thirsty

18. 口渴 kǒukě · - / -

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ thirsty

 

  • Rén hěn cháng shījiān bù hē shuǐ huì juéde hěn kě.
    人很长时间不喝水会觉得很渴。
    People (,for) very long time not drinking water(,) would feel thirsty.
  • Hē duō le jiǔ ràng rén hěn kě.
    喝多了酒让人很渴。
    Drink alcohol (for too) much makes people very thirsty.

 

  • Nǐ kě bu kě?
    你渴不渴?
    (Are) you thirsty (or) not thirsty?

 

  • Nǐ kě ma?
    Nǐ kǒukě ma?
    你渴吗?
    你口渴吗?
    (Are) you thirsty?

 

  • Wǒ hěn kě.
    Wǒ hěn kǒukě.
    我很渴。
    我很口渴。
    I (am) very thirsty.

 

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