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Level 2 Lesson 4.1 – Busier; Less Tired

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Comparison In Chinese With 比 And 没有

In this video lesson we'll learn how to make comparison in Chinese with 比 and 没有. We'll also learn about a grammatical structure: Verb Phrase used as the Subject or the Object in a sentence.

  • Comparison in Chinese with 比 and 没有
  • 快乐 vs 高兴
  •  Verb Phrase used as the Subject or the Object in a sentence


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Grammar 1: Comparison in Chinese with 比 and 没有 · HSK 2

We can use 比 bǐ to make a comparison in Chinese, to say that A is more ... than B, using this structure:

A 比 B + adj.

For example,

  • zhège háizi bǐ nàge háizi dà
    this "ge" child (is) bigger/older than that "ge" child
  • zhàngfu bǐ qīzi máng
    (the) husband (is) busier than (the) wife.

If we want to say a negative sentence with this structure, we must put 不 before 比, for example,

  • zhège háizi bù bǐ nàge háizi dà
    this "ge" child (is) not bigger/older than that "ge" child
  • zhàngfu bù bǐ qīzi máng
    (the) husband (is) not busier than (the) wife.

However, there is a more commonly used structure to say A is not as...as B, or A is less... than B, it is

A 没有 B + adj.

For example,

  • Lǐ Jīnglǐ méiyou Zhōu Jīnglǐ máng
    Manager Li is not as busy as Manager Zhou
    Manager Li is less busy than Manager Zhou
  • wǒ qùnián méiyǒu jīnnián máng
    I last year (am) not as busy as this year
    I last year (am) less busy than this year
  • tā zài gōngsī méiyǒu zài xuéxiào kuàilè
    he in (the) company (is) not as happy as at school
    he in (the) company (is) less happy as at school


Grammar 2: 快乐 vs 高兴 in Chinese · HSK 2

We have learned how to say happy in Chinese before, which is 高兴 gāoxìng, 快乐 kuàilè also means happy in Chinese. The difference is that 高兴 is more of a temporary mood of being happy and contend and 快乐 is more of a mental state, like having the feeling of happiness.

For example,

  • nǐ wèishénme měitiān dōu bú kuàile
    why (are) you not happy all (of) every day
  • tā zuótiān méiyǒu jīntiān gāoxìng
    he yesterday (was) not as happy as today

Also, for us to say "happy birthday", we have to use 快乐 instead of 高兴.

  • shēngrì kuàilè
    happy birthday


Grammar 3: Verb Phrase used as the Subject or the Object in Chinese · HSK 2

In English when you want to use a verb phrase to be the Subject or the Object, you usually say its "-ing" form, or add "to" in front of the verb.

For example,

  • drinking tea is healthier than drinking cola.
  • I’d like to drink tea.

But in Chinese, we don’t have to change anything, just say the verb phrase as it is. For example,

(1) Verb Phrase used as the Subject

  • dǎ Hànzì hěn kuài
    typing Chinese characters (is) very fast
  • zuò huǒchē tàimànle
    taking train (is) too slow

(2) Verb Phrase used as the Object

  • nǐ zhàngfu dǎsuàn xiūxi ma
    (does) your husband plan to take a break
  • wǒ fēicháng bù xǐhuan jiābān
    I very much not like working overtime
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