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Level 2 Lesson 5.1 – Her Hair is the Longest; Her Height is the Tallest

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How to Say More in Chinese with 更 and the Most in Chinese with 最

In this video lesson we'll learn how to say more in Chinese with 更  and how to say the Most in Chinese with 最. We’ll also learn a grammatical sentence structure, which is Chinese Sentence with a "Subject-Predicate" Phrase as the Predicate主谓谓语句.

  • How to say more in Chinese with 更
  • How to say the most in Chinese with 最
  • Chinese Sentence with a "Subject-Predicate" Phrase as the Predicate主谓谓语句

VOCABULARY


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GRAMMAR


Grammar 1: How to Say More in Chinese with 更 · HSK 2

If we want to say something is more... in Chinese, we can use the Adverb 更. We can say more in Chinese with 更 following this structure:

Subject +  + Predicate (+Object)

The Predicate here can be either an Adjective Predicate or a Verb Predicate.

(1) 更 + Adj. Predicate

  • zhèjiān bàngōngshì gèngdà
    这间办公室更大。
    this "jian" (of) office (is) more big(/bigger)
  • nǎge háizi de gèzi gènggāo
    哪个孩子的个子更高?
    which "ge" child's height (is) more tall(/taller)

(2) 更 + Verb Predicate

Verbs used after adverb 更 are usually Stative Verbs that suggest a status or a condition, it’s usually related to people’s feelings or physical status. For example,

  • wǒ gèng xǐhuan chángtóufa
    我更喜欢长头发。
    I more like long hair
  • shéi gèng xiǎng qù nàr
    谁更想去那儿?
    who more wants to go there

 

We also learned  that we can make a comparison in Chinese with 比, and 比 can be used together with 更 as well,

B   + Adj.

  • hēshuǐ bǐ hē kělè gèng jiànkāng
    喝水比喝可乐更健康。
    drinking water "compared with" drinking cola (is) more healthy(/healthier).
  • zhè bu shǒujī bǐ nàtái diànnǎo gèng piányi
    这部手机比那台电脑更便宜。
    this "bu" cellphone "compared with" that "tai" (of) computer, (is) more cheap

In the above two sentences, using 更 or not does not affect the meaning of the sentence.

 

Grammar 2: How to Say the Most in Chinese with 最 · HSK 2

We can say the most in Chinese with 最. 最 is an Adverb and it is always used before the Predicate:

Subject +   + Predicate (+ Object)

Just like Adverb 更, 最 can also be followed by an Adjective Predicate or a Verb Predicate.

(1) 最 + Adj. Predicate

  • wǒmen měinián shí yuè zuì máng, yě zuì lèi
    我们每年十月最忙,也最累。
    we every year October the most busy(busiest), also the most tiring
  • nǎ bù diànyǐng de shíjiān zuì cháng 
    哪部电影的时间最长?
    which "bu" (of) movie's time (is) the most long(/longest)

(2) 最 + Verb Predicate

Verbs used after adverb 最 are also usually Stative Verbs.

  • wǒ zuì xiǎng mǎi nàliàngchē
    我最想买那辆车。
    I the most want to buy that "liang" (of) car
  • tā zuì 'ài zhèlǐ de tiānqì
    他最爱这里的天气。
    he the most like here's weather

 

Grammar 3: Chinese Sentence with a "Subject-Predicate" Phrase as the Predicate · HSK 2

We’ve learned three types of Predicate before, it could be a Verb Phrase, a Noun Phrase or an Adjective Phrase.

And today we have the fourth type, that’s when the Predicate of the sentence is a “Subject-Predicate” Phrase.

REAL SUBJECT REAL PREDICATE
subject predicate


he
shēntǐ
身体
body
hěn jiànkāng
很健康
very healthy
qīzi
妻子
wife
tōufa
头发
hair
hěncháng
很长
very long
zhàngfu
丈夫
husband
tóu

head
téng

hurts

The Subject in the Subject-Predicate Phrase is usually part of, or related to the Real Subject of the Sentence. Just like in here 身体 is part of 他. His body is part of him.

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