How to Say More in Chinese with 更 and the Most in Chinese with 最
In this video lesson we'll learn how to say more in Chinese with 更 and how to say the Most in Chinese with 最. We’ll also learn a grammatical sentence structure, which is Chinese Sentence with a "Subject-Predicate" Phrase as the Predicate主谓谓语句.
- How to say more in Chinese with 更
- How to say the most in Chinese with 最
- Chinese Sentence with a "Subject-Predicate" Phrase as the Predicate主谓谓语句
Grammar 1: How to Say More in Chinese with 更 · HSK 2
If we want to say something is more... in Chinese, we can use the Adverb 更. We can say more in Chinese with 更 following this structure:
Subject + 更 + Predicate (+Object)
The Predicate here can be either an Adjective Predicate or a Verb Predicate.
(1) 更 + Adj. Predicate
- zhèjiān bàngōngshì gèngdà
this "jian" (of) office (is) more big(/bigger)
- nǎge háizi de gèzi gènggāo
which "ge" child's height (is) more tall(/taller)
(2) 更 + Verb Predicate
Verbs used after adverb 更 are usually Stative Verbs that suggest a status or a condition, it’s usually related to people’s feelings or physical status. For example,
- wǒ gèng xǐhuan chángtóufa
I more like long hair
- shéi gèng xiǎng qù nàr
who more wants to go there
We also learned that we can make a comparison in Chinese with 比, and 比 can be used together with 更 as well,
A 比 B 更 + Adj.
- hēshuǐ bǐ hē kělè gèng jiànkāng
drinking water "compared with" drinking cola (is) more healthy(/healthier).
- zhè bu shǒujī bǐ nàtái diànnǎo gèng piányi
this "bu" cellphone "compared with" that "tai" (of) computer, (is) more cheap
In the above two sentences, using 更 or not does not affect the meaning of the sentence.
Grammar 2: How to Say the Most in Chinese with 最 · HSK 2
We can say the most in Chinese with 最. 最 is an Adverb and it is always used before the Predicate:
Subject + 最 + Predicate (+ Object)
Just like Adverb 更, 最 can also be followed by an Adjective Predicate or a Verb Predicate.
(1) 最 + Adj. Predicate
- wǒmen měinián shí yuè zuì máng, yě zuì lèi
we every year October the most busy(busiest), also the most tiring
- nǎ bù diànyǐng de shíjiān zuì cháng
which "bu" (of) movie's time (is) the most long(/longest)
(2) 最 + Verb Predicate
Verbs used after adverb 最 are also usually Stative Verbs.
- wǒ zuì xiǎng mǎi nàliàngchē
I the most want to buy that "liang" (of) car
- tā zuì 'ài zhèlǐ de tiānqì
he the most like here's weather
Grammar 3: Chinese Sentence with a "Subject-Predicate" Phrase as the Predicate · HSK 2
And today we have the fourth type, that’s when the Predicate of the sentence is a “Subject-Predicate” Phrase.
|REAL SUBJECT||REAL PREDICATE|
The Subject in the Subject-Predicate Phrase is usually part of, or related to the Real Subject of the Sentence. Just like in here 身体 is part of 他. His body is part of him.