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[New HSK] Supplement Lesson – 06 – Vocabulary

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[2021 New HSK] Supplement Lesson 06: Vocabulary

In 2021, the new HSK added many vocabulary and other language skills that are not included in the old HSK.

ChineseFor.US has since added 10 new HSK supplement lessons to make sure that the  2021 new HSK 3 requirements are all covered.

 

VOCABULARY LIST


HSK
2.0
HSK
3.0
CHINESE PINYIN P.O.S. ENGLISH
- 1 不大
búdà adv. not very
3 1 马上
mǎshàng adv. immediately; right away
3 1
xiān adv. to indicate that an action/event occurs earlier, at first, or in advance
6 5
cháng adv. Measure Word for clouds, flowers, etc.
- 1 常常
chángcháng adv. frequently; often
6 1 最好
zuìhǎo adv. most appropriately; would be the best
6 1 最后
zuìhòu n. 1) the last one 2) to indicate that an action/event occurs last
3 1
de p. suggesting that the or phrase that goes before 地 is used as an adverbial
3 1 认真

rènzhēn adj. taking seriously; not careless
3 1 重要
zhòngyào adj. important; significant
- 1 得到
dédào v. to get; to receive; to obtain; to gain
6 1 见面
jiànmiàn v. / v. phr. to rise up from bed; to get up from bed
6 2
qīng adj. 1) light (for weight, sound...) 2) light, not serious, unimportant (to the extent)
6 1
zhòng adj. 1) heavy (for weight, sound...) 2) serious; important (to the extent)

VOCABULARY USAGE


1. 不大 búdà ·  / NEW HSK 1

adv. 副词 fùcí ▸ not very

 

  • Wǒ zhōngwǔ chī le hěn duō, xiànzài hái bú dà ’è.
    我中午吃了很多,现在还不大饿。
    I (at) noon ate very much, now (I am) still not-very hungry.
  • Zhè jù huà de yìsi wǒ bú dà míngbai.
    这句话的意思我不大明白。
    (The) meaning (of) this “sentence” (of) words (-) I (do) not-quite understand.

 

2. 马上 mǎshàng · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

 adv. of time 时间副词 shíjiānfùcí ▸ immediately; right away

 

  • Nǐ zài nǎr? Wǒ mǎshàng dǎchē lái zhǎo nǐ!
    你在哪儿?我马上打车来找你!
    Where are you at? I right-away get-(a)-taxi to-come seek you!
  • Wǒ gàosù tā de shìqing, tā mǎshàng jiù wàng le.
    我告诉他的事情,他马上就忘了。
    Things (that) I told him, (-) he immediately “soon” forgot (them).

 

  • Mǎshàng jiù xiàbān le.
    Mǎshàng jiù yào xiàbān le.
    Mǎshàng jiù kuài yào xiàbān le.
    马上就下班了。
    马上就要下班了。
    马上就快要下班了。
    (I/we/...) right-away “soon” get-off-work.
    (I/we/...) right-away “soon” “soon will” get-off-work.
    (I/we/...) right-away “soon” “quickly” “soon will” get-off-work.

 

3. 先 xiān · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

adv. of time 时间副词 shíjiānfùcí ▸ to indicate that an action/event occurs earlier, at first, or in advance

 

  • Wǒmen xiān qù jiàoxuélóu, zài qù túshūguǎn.
    我们先去教学楼,再去图书馆。
    We (will) first go-to (the) teaching-building, then go-to (the) library.
  • Nǐ xiān wènwen tā, kàn tā zhī bu zhīdào.
    你先问问她,看她知不知道。
    You ask her first “really quick”, see (that) she knows (or) not knows.

 

5. 常 cháng · / NEW HSK 1

adv. of frequency 频率副词 pínlǜfùcí ▸ frequently; often

6. 常常 chángcháng · / NEW HSK 1

adv. of frequency 频率副词 pínlǜfùcí ▸ frequently; often

  • Wàigōng cháng dào nàjiā shāngchǎng qù mǎi dōngxi.
    Wàigōng chángcháng dào nàjiā shāngchǎng qù mǎi dōngxi.
    外公常到那家商场去买东西。
    外公常常到那家商场去买东西。
    Grandpa often arrives that “jia” shopping-mall to-go buy stuff.
  • Nà ge nánshēng cháng wàngjì xiě zuòyè.
    Nà ge nánshēng chángcháng wàngjì xiě zuòyè.
    那个男生常常忘记写作业。
    那个男生常常忘记写作业。
    That “ge” (of) boy-student often forgets to write homework.

 

7. 最好 zuìhǎo · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

adv. 副词 fùcí ▸ most appropriately; would be the best

 

  • Nǐmen zuìhǎo yíkuàir qù jīchǎng.
    你们最好一块儿去机场。
    You guys would-be-the-best to-go-to airport together.
  • Nǐ zuìhǎo xiān děng yíhuìr, jīnglǐ mǎshàng jiù huí lai.
    你最好先等一会儿,经理马上就回来。
    You would-be-the-best to first wait (for) “a little bit”, (the) manager right-away “soon” (will) come-back.

 

8. 最后 zuìhòu · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

(1) n. 名词 míngcí ▸ the last one

  • zuì hòu de xīwàng
    最后的希望
    the last hope
  • wǔyuè de zuìhòu yì tiān
    五月的最后一天
    the last day (of) May

 

  • Zhè duàn duìhuà de zuìhòu yí jù shì shéi shuō de?
    这段对话的最后一句是谁说的?
    Who was (it that) said the-last one sentence (of) this “piece” (of) dialogue?

 

(2) n. 名词 míngcí ▸ to indicate that an action/event occurs last

 

  • Zuìhòu, wǒ bǎ juédìng gàosu le dàjiā.
    最后,我把决定告诉了大家。
    (In the) end, I (-) “ba{indicating the handling of}” (the) decision (-) told everyone.
  • Tāmen zuìhòu fēnshǒu le, méiyǒu jiéhūn.
    他们最后分手了,没有结婚。
    They (in the) end broke-up, (did) not get-married.
  • Tāmen zài yìqǐ hē le hěn duō píjiǔ, zuìhòu shuì zháo le.
    他们在一起喝了很多啤酒,最后睡着了。
    They drank very much beer together, (in the) end (they) fell-asleep.

 

10. 地 de · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

Structural p. 结构助词 jiégòuzhùcí ▸ suggesting that the word or phrase that goes before 地 is used as an adverbial

 

地 goes after an adjective (phrase) that is used as the adverbial to modify a verb (phrase):

adj. (phrase) + 地 + v. (phrase)

  • Nǎinai qīngqing de dǎkāi le mén.
    奶奶轻轻地打开了门。
    Grandma gently opened (the) door.
  • Xiǎopéngyou men gāoxìng de chàng zhe gē.
    小朋友们高兴地唱着歌。
    (The) kids are happily singing songs.

 

11. 认真 rènzhēn · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ taking seriously; not careless

 

  • Tóngxué men zài rènzhēn de xuéxí xīn zhīshi.
    同学们在认真地学习新知识。
    (The) classmates are carefully learning new knowledge.
  • Xīn lái de tóngshì gōngzuò hěn bú rènzhēn.
    新来的同事工作很不认真。
    (The) coworker (who) new(ly)-came works very not careful(ly).
  • Wǒ juéde wǒ zhàngfu rènzhēn gōngzuò de shíhou zuì shuài.
    我觉得我丈夫认真工作的时候最帅。
    I feel (that) my husband (is) the-most handsome (when) he (is) (focusing on)-careful(ly)-(and)-seriously working.

 

12. 重要 zhòngyào · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ important; significant

 

  • zhòngyào de rén
    重要的人
    important people
  • zhòngyào de shìqing
    重要的事情
    important things

 

  • Zhè cì kǎoshì duì wǒ hěn zhòngyào.
    这次考试对我很重要。
    (The) test (of) this time (is) very important to me.
  • Jiànkāng bǐ qián zhòngyào.
    健康比钱重要。
    Health “comparing with” money (is) more important.

 

13. 得到 dédào · - / NEW HSK 1

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to get; to receive; to obtain; to gain

 

  • Wǒ zài gōngzuò zhōng dědào le hěn duō kuàilè.
    我在工作中得到了很多快乐。
    I in work-inside gained very much happiness.
  • Wǒ cóng bàba mama nàlǐ dédào le hěn duō ’ài.
    我从爸爸妈妈那里得到了很多爱。
    I from there-(where my)-parents-(are) received very much love.

 

 

14. 见面 jiànmiàn · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

(1) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to rise up from bed; to get up from bed

  • Wǒmen chángcháng zài kāfēiguǎn jiànmiàn.
    我们常常在咖啡馆见面。
    We often at (the) coffee-house meet-face.

(2) Detachable Compound 离合词 líhécí ▸to rise up from bed; to get up from bed

  • Jīnnián wǒmen jiàn guo yí cì miàn.
    今年我们见过一次面。
    This year we (have) met face (for) one time.
  • Xiǎo Bái qù gēn péngyou jiàn le yí miàn.
    小白去跟朋友见了一面。
    Little Bai went to met-face with (his) friend (for) one (time).
  • Wǒ yǐqián gēn tā méi jiàn guo miàn.
    我以前跟他没见过面。
    I before (have) not met-face with him.

 

15. 轻 qīng · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 2

(1) adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ light (for weight, sound...)
(2) adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ light, not serious, unimportant (to the extent)

16. 重 zhòng · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

(1) adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ heavy (for weight, sound...)
(2) adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ serious; important (to the extent)

 

  • Zhè ge xiāngzi kàn zhe hěn dà, dànshì hěn qīng.
    这个箱子看着很大,但是很轻。
    This “ge” box(,) looking(,) (is) very big, but (it is) very light.
  • Tā qīngqīng chàng zhe gē.
    她轻轻唱着歌。
    She (is) singing songs very light(ly).

 

  • Yéye bìng de hěn zhòng, zhù jìn yīyuàn le.
    爷爷病得很重,住进医院了。
    Grandpa is sick very serious, (and he had) resided-(with the result of)-moving-into the hospital.

 

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