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[New HSK] Supplement Lesson – 01 – Vocabulary

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[2021 New HSK] Supplement Lesson 01: Vocabulary

In 2021, the new HSK added many vocabulary and other language skills that are not included in the old HSK.

ChineseFor.US has since added 10 new HSK supplement lessons to make sure that the  2021 new HSK 3 requirements are all covered. (More lessons in this series will be published soon.)

 

VOCABULARY LIST


HSK
2.0
HSK
3.0
CHINESE PINYIN P.O.S. ENGLISH
3 1 爷爷
yéye n. (paternal) grandfather
3 1 奶奶

nǎinai n. (paternal) grandmother
- - 外公

wàigōng n. (maternal) grandfather
- - 外婆

wàipó n. (maternal) grandmother
6 1 工人

gōngrén n. worker (usually a manual work or a blue-collar worker)
6 1 小朋友

xiǎopéngyǒu n. "little friend", used to address a child or a group of children
- - 男生

nánshēng n. 1) boy student 2) (young) boy
- - 女生

nǚshēng n. 1) girl student 2) (young) girl
- 1 大学

dàxué n. university; college
- 1 中学

zhōngxué n. middle school and/or high school
- 1 小学

xiǎoxué n. elementary school
- 1 大学生

dàxuéshēng n. university student; college student
- 1 中学生

zhōngxuéshēng n. middle school and/or high school student
- 1 小学生

xiǎoxuéshēng n. elementary school student
3 1 爱好

àihào n. / v. hobby; interest / to love doing something as a hobby; to be fond of
3 1
shān n. mountain; hill
6 2
zuò m.w. Measure Word for mountains and hills
3 1
huā n. flower
6 5
duǒ m.w. Measure Word for clouds, flowers, etc.
1 3

shù n. tree
6 4

m.w. Measure Word for trees
3 1

cǎo n. grass
- 1

fēng n. wind
6 4
zhèn m.w. Measure Word to measure the duration of an action or an event
6 1 包子

bāozi n. steamed stuffed bun (a type of Chinese dim-sum)

VOCABULARY USAGE


1. 爷爷 yéye · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸(paternal) grandfather

2. 奶奶 nǎinai · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸(paternal) grandmother

 

  • Zhāng Yéye
    张爷爷
    Grandpa Zhang
  • Zhāng Nǎinai
    张奶奶
    Grandma Zhang

 

  • lǎo yéye
    old grandpa
    老爷爷
  • lǎo nǎinai
    老奶奶
    old grandmother

 

  • Yéye jiù shì bàba de bàba, nǎinǎi jiù shì bàba de māma.
    爷爷就是爸爸的爸爸,奶奶就是爸爸的妈妈。
    “Grandpa” “exactly” is (one’s) dad’s dad, grandma “exactly” is (one’s) dad’s mom.

 

3. 外公 wàigōng · - / -

n. 名词 míngcí ▸(paternal) grandfather

4. 外婆 wàipó · - / -

n. 名词 míngcí ▸(paternal) grandmother

 

  • Wàigōng jiù shì māma de bàba, wàipó jiù shì māma de māma.
    外公就是妈妈的爸爸,外婆就是妈妈的妈妈。
    Maternal-grandpa “exactly” is (one’s) mom’s dad, maternal-grandma “exactly” is (one’s) mom’s mom.
  • Wàipó zhèngzài chūfáng li zuò baozi, wàigōng dào chāoshì qù mǎi niúnǎi le.
    外婆正在厨房里做包子,外公到超市去买牛奶了。
    Maternal-grandma is in (the) kitchen-inside making steamed-stuffed-buns, maternal-grandpa (has) gone to (the) supermarket to buy milk (already).

 

5. 工人 gōngrén · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸worker (usually a manual work or a blue-collar worker)

 

  • Wǒ bàba shì yì míng gōngrén.
    我爸爸是一名工人。
    My dad is one “ming” (of) worker.
  • Nà ge gōngrén suīrán zuò shì hěn màn, dàn zuò de fēicháng hǎo.
    那个工人虽然做事很慢,但做得非常好。
    That “ge” (of) worker though does things very slow, but (they) do (things) very good.

 

6. 小朋友 xiǎopéngyǒu · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸"little friend", used to address a child or a group of children

 

  • Xiǎo péngyǒu, nǐ jiào shénme míngzi?
    小朋友,你叫什么名字?
    Little-friend, what is your name?
  • Wǒ xiǎng hé nà xiē xiǎopéngyǒu yìqǐ wánr.
    我想和那些小朋友一起玩儿。
    I want to play together with those little-friends.

 

7. 男生 nánshēng · - / -

n. 名词 míngcí ▸(1) boy student; (2) (young) boy

8. 女生 nǚshēng · - / -

n. 名词 míngcí ▸(1) girl student; (2) (young) girl

 

  • Wǒmen bān yǒu shí ge nánshēng, shí ge nǚshēng.
    我们班有十个男生,十个女生。
    Our class has 10 “ge” (of) boy-students, (and) 10 “ge” (of) girl-students.
  • Nánshēng men dōu xiǎng hé nà ge piàoliang de nǚshēng tiàowǔ.
    男生们都想和那个漂亮的女生跳舞。
    (The) boys all want to dance with that “ge” (of) pretty girl.

 

9. 大学 dàxué · / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ university; college

20. 中学 zhōngxué · / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ middle school and/or high school

11. 小学 xiǎoxué · / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ elementary school

 

12. 大学生 dàxuéshēng · / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ university student; college student

13. 中学生 zhōngxuéshēng · / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ middle school and/or high school student

14. 小学生 xiǎoxuéshēng · / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ elementary school student

 

 

15. 爱好 àihào · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ hobby; interest

  • Nǐ de ’àihào shì shénme?
    你的爱好是什么?
    What is your hobby?
  • Nǐ yóu shénme ’àihào?
    你有什么爱好?
    What hobby (do) you have?

 

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to love doing something as a hobby; to be fond of

  • Wǒ ’àihào tiàowǔ, chànggē, háiyǒu dǎqiú.
    我爱好跳舞,唱歌,还有打球。
    I have-as-hobby dancing, singing and playing-ball.
  • Xiǎo Zhāng 'àihào huàhuà
    小张爱好画画
    Little Zhang has painting-paintings/drawing-drawings as (his) hobby.

 

 

16. 山 shān ·  OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ mountain; hill

17. 座 zuò · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 2

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ Measure Word for mountains and hills

 

  • liǎng zuò shān
    两座山
    two “zuo” (of) mountains/hills
  • pá shān
    爬山
    to climb (a) mountain/hill

 

  • shān shang
    山上
    mountain surface/(the) area (that is on the) mountain
  • shān xia
    山下
    mountain underneath/(the) area (that is under the) mountain
  • shān li
    山里
    mountain inside/(the) area (that is in the) mountain

 

18. 花 huā · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ flower

19. 朵 duǒ · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 5

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ measure word for clouds, flowers, etc.

 

  • yì duǒ yún
    一朵云
    one (single) “duo” (of) cloud
  • yì duǒ huā
    一朵花
    one “duo” (of) flower
  • Shān shang de huā kāi le, yǒu de shì hóngsè de, yǒu de shì báisè de.
    山上的花开了,有的是红色的,有的是白色的。
    (The) flowers (on the) mountain surface bloomed, some are (something that is of the) red color, some are (something that is of the) white color.

 

20. 树 shù · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ tree

 

21. 棵 kē · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 4

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ Measure Word for trees

 

  • yì kē shù
    一棵树
    one “ke” (of) tree

 

  • Jiàoshì pángbiān yǒu kē píngguǒ shù.
    教室旁边有棵苹果树。
    (By the) side (of the) classroom “exists” (one) “ke” (of) apple tree.
  • Háizi men zuò zài dà shù xia chànggē.
    孩子们坐在大树下唱歌。
    (The) children (are) sitting (in the) area (that is) underneath (the) big tree singing songs.

 

22. 草 cǎo · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ grass

 

  • cǎodì
    草地
    grassland; lawn

 

  • Niúyáng chī cǎo, lǎohǔ chī ròu.
    牛羊吃草,老虎吃肉。
    Cows and sheep eat grass, tigers eat meat.
  • Zhèlǐ de cǎo zhǎng de zhēn lǜ.
    这里的草长得真绿。
    (The) grass here grows really green.

 

23. 风 fēng · / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ wind

 

24. 阵 zhèn · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 4

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ Measure Word to measure the duration of an action or an event

 

  • yí zhèn fēng
    一阵风
    one “zhen” (of) wind
  • fēng yǔ
    风雨
    wind (and) rain

 

  • Shān shang de fēng hěn dà.
    山上的风很大。
    (The) wind (on the) mountain (is) very heavy.
  • Yèzi zài fēng li tiào zhe wǔ.
    叶子在风里跳着舞。
    (The) leaves are dancing (in the) wind.

 

25. 包子 bāozi · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 1

n. 名词 míngcí ▸steamed stuffed bun (a type of Chinese dim-sum)

 

  • yí ge bāozi
    一个包子
    one “ge” (of) steamed-stuffed-bun

 

  • ròu bāozi
    肉包子
    meat steamed-stuffed-bun
  • cài baozi
    菜包子
    vegetable steamed-stuffed-bun

 

  • Zhè jiā chāoshì bú mài baozi, mài jiǎozi.
    这家超市不卖包子,卖饺子。
    This “jia” (of) supermarket (does) not sell steamed-stuffed-bun, (it) sells dumplings.
  • Nǐ xiǎng chī baozi, háishì chī miàntiáo?
    你想吃包子,还是吃面条?
    (Do) you want to eat steamed-stuffed-bun, or (do you want to) eat noodles?

 

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