4 of 5
30% off and full access to 300+ videos

Level 2 Lesson 26.1 – Again in Chinese

Restricted
Oops...Members Only!

How to Say Again in Chinese with 再 and 又 | Retroflex Final

In today's video lesson we’ll learn how to say again in Chinese with 再 and 又. We'll also learn about Retroflex Final 儿化. We'll also learn the phrase "we'll see" in Chinese

  • Again in Chinese with 再 and 又
  • Retroflex Final 儿化
  • "We'll see" in Chinese: 再说吧

VOCABULARY


EXPRESSIONS


GRAMMAR


Grammar 1: Retroflex Final · HSK 2

We’ve learned about Retroflex Final in our Pinyin Drill Course. The Retroflex Final itself is pronounced "er", as in 第二(dì'èr) and 儿子(érzi). Basically, we raise our tongue up a little bit to make this sound.

The “er” sound can be added at the end of a syllable, as part of the syllable too. Most of the time it doesn’t change the meaning of the word, just making it more colloquial or more of spoken language. And we use the Chinese character 儿 to mark the Retroflex Final. A lot of syllables with Retroflex Final are nouns,

For example,

Original Syllable Syllable with Retroflex Final
xiǎohái
小孩
kid;child
xiǎoháir
小孩儿
kid;child
huà

painting; drawing
huàr
画儿
painting; drawing
shì

thing; affair; incident
shìr
事儿
thing; affair; incident
zhè

this
zhèr
这儿
here
wán

to play; to have fun
wánr
玩儿
to play; to have fun
hǎowán
好玩
fun (to play)
hǎowánr
好玩儿
fun (to play)
yíxià
一下
(for) a little bit
yíxiàr
一下
(for) a little bit

 

Be careful that the Pinyin spelling rule of these words is to add an “r” at the end, as part of the syllable. But to type the characters out, the Pinyin typing rule is that we have to type out the original syllable of the word, and then type out “e-r” to add the “儿” character after it.

 

Grammar 2: Again in Chinese with 再 and 又 · HSK 2

再 and 又 are both Adverbs. They both suggest “again; moreover; once more” – for an action or a state to be repeated.

However, 再 is usually for an action or a state yet to happen. For example,

  • wǒ xiǎng zài wánr yíxià diànnǎo
    我想再玩儿一下电脑。
    I want to again play (the) computer (for) a little bit.
    I want to play (the) computer (for) a little bit more.
  • nǐ néng zài mǎi shí ge jīdàn ma
    你能再买十个鸡蛋吗?
    Can you again buy 10 eggs?
    Can you buy 10 more eggs?

 

又 is usually for an action or a state that already happened. For example,

  • wǒ yòu hē le xiē niúnǎi
    我又喝了些牛奶。
    I again drank some milk.
  • wǒ yòu kànjiàn nà ge nǚháir le
    我又看见那个女孩儿了。
    I again saw that girl.

 

Since 又 is for action or state that already happened, it usually is not used in negative sentences. And 再 can be used with 不, meaning not again, not anymore, or with 别, meaning, don’t again, don’t anymore, as a request or requirement. It can also be used with 没(有), meaning did or have not again; did or have not anymore. But in the sentence, 不, and 别 usually go before 再, but 没(有) can go either before or after 再. So we can follow the following structures:

  • ……不……再……
  • ……别……再……
  • ……没(有)……再……
  • ……再……没(有)……

For example,

  • wǒ bù xiǎng zài tīng nǐ shuō zhè xiē le
    我不想再听你说这些了。
    I (do) not want to listen to you say(/talk abou) these (things).
  • nǐ bié zài ràng māma bù gāoxìng le
    你别再让妈妈不高兴了。
    You don't make mom unhappy again.

 

  • tā zǒu le yǐhòu, méi(yǒu) zài huílai guo
    她走了以后,没(有)再回来过。
    After she left, (she has)  not come back again.
  • èr líng yī líng nián yǐhòu, wǒ zài méi(yǒu) qù guo nà ge dìfang le
    2010年以后,我再没(有)去过那个地方了。
    After year 2010, I (have) not gone to that place (again/)anymore.
Lesson Content
0% Complete 0/1 Steps
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Scroll to Top