In this HSK 2 video lesson we'll learn how to use the 到……去……structure in Chinese and how to use the Modal Verb 要 in Chinese.
|2||要1||yào||m.v.||to intend to; to want to; to plan to|
|2||到||dào||v.||to arrive; to go to; to get to|
|3||开会||kāihuì||v. (ph.)||to have a meeting; to hold a meeting|
|4||加班||jiābān||v. (ph.)||to work overtime|
We can use the 到……去……structure in Chinese to say, to go to some place to do something, following this structure:
For giving answers to a yes-or-no questions with the 到……去……structure, we use "去/不去" for "yes/no", instead of "到/不到".
Sometimes the "do something" part in the 到……去……structure can be omitted, like this:
Here the structure "到……去" means "to go to some place". For example,
In this case, "到……去……" has exactly the same meaning as "去……".
For example, in the following pairs, sentence A and sentence B has the same meaning.
The Modal Verb 要 can suggest "having the plan, intention, or determination to do something", and can usually be translated as “to want to”, "to intend to" or “to plan to” in English. We can use this structure:
For giving answers to a yes-or-no questions with Modal Verb 要, we use "要" for "yes". We use "不/不想" for no, instead of "不要" (HSK 2 Video Lesson 2).
不 emphasizes "not having the plan, intention, determination to...", while 不想 emphasizes "not having the desire, wish to...".
In our Level 1 Chinese Course (HSK 1+) we learn the verb 想, meaning "to want to", the differences between 要 vs. 想 are:
(1) Part of Speech 词性 Cíxìng
They are different types of Verbs in Chinese.
要 is a Modal Verb, while 想 is a Stative Verb.
要 suggests "having the intention and is kind of determined to do something".
想 suggests "to be thinking of doing something", but not necessarily exactly going to or to be able to do that.
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