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Level 3 Lesson 25.1 – 啊 马 匹 发烧 感冒 多么 多 新鲜 空气 认真

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HSK 3+ VOCABULARY: 啊 马 匹 发烧 感冒 多么 多 新鲜 空气 认真

In this video lesson we'll learn the vocabulary in Lesson 25 and practice them with a lot of example sentences. For new Chinese characters, we'll learn how to write them and know about their structures and origins in the attached writing sheet.

  • VOCABULARY: 啊 马 匹 发烧 感冒 多么 多 新鲜 空气 认真
  • CHINESE CHARACTERS: 匹 烧 冒 鲜

VOCABULARY LIST


VOCABULARY USAGE


1. 啊 a · NEW HSK 2 / NEW HSK 3

(1) int. 叹词 tàncí ▸ used at the end of an Exclamatory Sentence to add to the tone

(2) int. 叹词 tàncí ▸ ▸ used at the end of a question to soften the tone

The usage of 啊 will be talked about in Topic 2.

 

2. 马 mǎ · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 3

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ horse

3. 匹 pǐ · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 5 

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ Measure Word for horses

  • yì pǐ mǎ
    liǎng pǐ mǎ
    一匹马
    两匹马
    one “pi” (of) horse
    two “pi” (of) horses
  • qí mǎ
    骑马
    to ride horse
  • sài mǎ
    赛马
    horse racing

 

4. 发烧 fāshāo · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 4

  • gāoshāo
    dīshāo
    高烧
    低烧
    high fever
    low fever

(1) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to have a favor

  • Háizi yì fāshǎo, wǒ jiù dài tā qù yīyuàn kànbìng le.
    孩子一发烧,我就带他去医院看病了。
    “Once immediately after” (the) kid has a fever, I took him to go to (the) hospital to look-at(/check out) (the) sickness.
  • Tā fāshǎo le, wǒ méi yǒu.
    他发烧了,我没有。
    He (has) got (a) fever (already), I (have) not.

(2) Detachable Compound 离合词 líhécí ▸ to have a favor

  • Tā bìng le, fā le jǐ tiān shāo, méi qù shàngbān.
    他病了,发了几天烧,没去上班。
    He (is) sick, (and he has been) having (a) fever (for) several days, (he did) not go to attend-work.
  • Wǒ jǐ nián méi fā guo shāo le, shēntǐ jiànkāng zhe ne!
    我几年没发过烧了,身体健康着呢!
    I (for) several years (have) not had (a) fever (already), (my) body is (being) healthy!
  • Tā shì fā gāoshāo, háishì fā dīshāo?
    他是发高烧,还是发低烧?
    (Does) he have high fever, or has low fever?

 

5. 感冒 gǎnmào · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 3 

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ cold; influenza

  • Gǎnmào bú shì dà bìng, bú yòng qù yīyuàn.
    感冒不是大病,不用去医院。
    Cold is not (a) big sickness, (one does) not need to go to (the) hospital.
  • Nǐ de gǎnmào yīnggāi yǐjīng hǎo le ba?
    你的感冒应该已经好了吧?
    Your cold “probably should” already (be) well(,) right?

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to catch a cold; to have a cold

  • Gǎnmào bú shì dà bìng, bú yòng qù yīyuàn.
    感冒不是大病,不用去医院。
    Cold is not (a) big sickness, (one does) not need to go to (the) hospital.
  • Nǐ gǎnmào le, xiān chī diǎnr yào, zài duō hē diǎnr shuǐ, xiūxi xiūxi.
    你感冒了,先吃点儿药,再多喝点儿水,休息休息。
    You (have) got (a) cold, first eat “a little bit” (of) medicine, then drink much “a little bit” (of) water, rest “(for) a little bit”.

 

6. 多么/多 duōme/duō · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 2 

adv. 副词 fùcí ▸ indicating high degree in exclamatory sentences

多么 and 多 have the same meaning, but 多么 is more formal than 多.

When we use 多么 and 多, we follow this structure:

多么 /+ adj. / some v.

For example,

(1) 多么 / 多 + adj.

  • Zhè shù huā duō(me) piàoliang!
    这束花多么漂亮!
    这束花多漂亮!
    This “bouquet” (of) flowers (is) “so very” pretty!
  • Tā bǎ bàngōngshì dǎsǎo de duō(me) gānjìng!
    他把办公室打扫得多么干净!
    他把办公室打扫得多干净!
    He (-) “ba{indicating the handling of}” (the) office (-) cleaned-up “so very” clean!

(2) 多么 / 多 + v.

  • Wǒ duō(me) xīwàng nǐ néng lǐjiě wǒ!
    我多么希望你能理解我!我多希望你能理解我!
    I so hope you can understand me!
  • Wǒ duō(me) xīwàng nǐ néng lǐjiě wǒ!
    我多么希望你能理解我!我多希望你能理解我!
    I so hope you can understand me!

 

7. 新鲜 xīnxiān · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 4 

(1) adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ (of food, air…) fresh

  • Zhè xiē pútao yòu xīnxiān yòu piányi!
    这些葡萄又新鲜又便宜!
    These grapes (are) fresh (and) inexpensive!
  • Jīnnián tiānqì bù hǎo, xīnxiān shuǐguǒ de jiàgé tèbié gāo.
    今年天气不好,新鲜水果的价格特别高。
    (The) weather (of) this year (is) not good, (the) prices (of) fresh fruits (are) especially high.

(2) adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ (of things, phenomenon, experience…) new; novel

  • Jīntiān shì Xiǎo Mǎ shàng dàxué de dì yī tiān, tā juéde dàxué shēnghuó tèbié xīnxiān.
    今天是小马上大学的第一天,他觉得大学生活特别新鲜。
    Today is (the) first day (that) Little Ma attends college, the feels (that) college life (is) especially new-(and)-fresh.

 

8. 空气 kōngqì · OLD HSK 6 / NEW HSK 2

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ air

  • Zhèlǐ de kōngqì biàn hǎo le.
    这里的空气变好了。
    (The) air here (has) changed-(with the result of)-(being)-better.
  • Xià le yǔ kōngqì jiù biàn xīnxiān le.
    下了雨空气就变新鲜了。
    (After) going-down rain (the) air “right away” (has) changed-(with the result of)-(being)-fresh.

 

9. 认真 rènzhēn · OLD HSK 3 / NEW HSK 1

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ taking seriously; not careless

  • Lǎoshī jiǎng kè de shíhòu, tā tīng de fēicháng rènzhēn.
    老师讲课的时候,他听得非常认真。
    (At the) time (when the) teacher teaches class, he listens very careful(ly).
  • Zhè xiē zhōngxuéshēng xuéxí hěn rènzhēn, yīnwèi tāmen dōu yào kǎo dàxué.
    这些中学生学习很认真,因为他们都要考大学。
    These middle/high school students study very carefully-and-seriously, because they all need to need-to take-test (for) college.
  • Wǒ juéde wǒ zhàngfu rènzhēn gōngzuò de shíhou zuì shuài.
    我觉得我丈夫认真工作的时候最帅。
    I feel (that) my husband (is) the-most handsome (when) he (is) (focusing on)-careful(ly)-(and)-seriously working.

 

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