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Level 3 Lesson 19.1 – 东 南 西 北 地址 街 栋 层 楼 室 号 小区 寄

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HSK 3+ VOCABULARY:  东 南 西 北 地址 街 栋 层 楼 室 号 小区 寄

In this video lesson we'll learn the vocabulary in Lesson 19 and practice them with a lot of example sentences. For new Chinese characters, we'll learn how to write them and know about their structures and origins in the attached writing sheet.

  • VOCABULARY: 东 南 西 北 地址 街 栋 层 楼 室 号 小区 寄
  • CHINESE CHARACTERS: 南 址 栋 层 楼 区 寄

VOCABULARY LIST


VOCABULARY USAGE


1. 东 dōng · HSK 3 

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ east

2. 南 nán · HSK 3 

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ south

3. 西 xī · HSK 3 

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ west

4. 北 běi · HSK 3 

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ north

 

dōngbiān 东边 the east (direction)
nánbiān 南边 the south (direction)
xībiān 西边 the west (direction)
běibiān 北边 the north (direction)

 

dōngfāng 东方 the east (area/region)
nánfāng 南方 the south (area/region)
xīfāng 西方 the west (area/region)
běifāng 北方 the north (area/region)

 

dōngfāng rén 东方人 easterners; east Asian people
xīfāng rén 西方人 westerners
nánfāng rén 南方人 southerners
běifāng rén 北方人 northerners

 

  • Nà zuò shān zài xībiān.
    那座山在西边。
    That “zuo” (of) mountain is-located (to the) west (direction).
  • Xuéxiào běibiān yǒu yì jiā chāoshì.
    学校北边有一家超市。
    (There is) one “jia” (of) supermarket (to the) north (direction) (of the) school.
  • Wǒ wǎng dōng zǒu le wǔ bǎi mǐ, dào le yīyuàn yòu wǎng nán zǒu le liǎng bǎi mǐ.
    我往东走了五百米,到了医院又往南走了两百米。
    I walked 500 meters towards (the) east, (after) arriving (the) hospital (I) again walked 200 meters towards (the ) south.

 

  • Dōngfāng rén de shēnghuó xíguàn kěnéng hé Xīfāng rén bù yíyàng.
    东方人的生活习惯可能和西方人不一样。
    Eastern people’s life habits might (be) not the same with Western people(’s life habits).
  • Wǒ bàba shì nánfāng rén, wǒ mama shì běifāng rén, wǒ xiǎoshíhou zài nánfāng hé běifāng dōu zhù guo, suǒyǐ wǒ bù zhīdào yīnggāi shuō zìjǐ shì nǎlǐ rén.
    我爸爸是南方人,我妈妈是北方人,我小时候在南方和北方都住过,所以我不知道应该说自己是哪里人。
    My dad is (a) southern, my mom is (a) northern, I (have) lived both in (the) south (and) north (at the) time ( when I was) small, so I (do) not know (that I) should say (my)self is (a) person (of) where.

 

5. 地址 dìzhǐ · HSK 4 

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ address

To ask for an address in Chinese, there are multiple ways.

  • Nǐ jiā de dìzhǐ zài nǎlǐ?
    你家的地址在哪里?
    Where is your home address at?
  • Nà jiā gōngsī de dìzhǐ shì nǎlǐ?
    那家公司的地址是哪里?
    Where is (the) address (of) that “jia” (of) company?
  • Tā fùmǔ jiā de dìzhǐ shì duōshao?
    她父母家的地址是多少?
    What-is-the-number (of) her parents’ house address?
  • Gāo ’Āyí de dìzhǐ shì shénme?
    高阿姨的地址是什么?
    What is Aunt Gao’s address?

 

6. 街 jiē · HSK 3

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ street

 

  • yì tiáo jiē
    一条街
    one “tiao” (of) street
  • zhè tiáo jiē
    这条街
    this “tiao” (of) street
  • nà tiáo jiē
    那条街
    that “tiao” (of) street
  • nǎ tiáo jiē
    哪条街
    which “tiao” (of) street

 

  • Cháng’ān Jiē
    长安街
    Chang’an Street
  • Shízì Nán Jiē
    十字南街
    Shi-character South Street

 

The following two sentences are both okay to say:

  • Wǒ jiā jiù zhù zài zhè tiáo jiē.
    Wǒ jiā jiù zhù zài zhè tiáo jiē shang.
    我家就住在这条街。
    我家就住在这条街上。
    My family exactly live on this “tiao” (of) street.

 

7. 栋 dòng · HSK 6

m.v. 量词 liàngcí ▸ measure words for buildings and houses

栋 can be used as the measure word for 房子. There are other measure words that can also be used as the measure word for 房子, but each measure word suggests a slightly different meaning.

yí ge fángzi 一个房子 universal measure word; no extra information
yí tào fángzi 一套房子 for a suite with all the necessary rooms: a living room,   a kitchen, a bathroom and bedrooms
yí dòng fángzi 一栋房子 for a house of its own single building; most likely not   an apartment, but a single-family house
yí jiān fángzi 一间房子 for a single-room space

 

In apartment complex where there are more than one buildings, if we want to list Building 1, Building 2, Building 3 we can say

  • yīdòng
    1栋
    Building 1
  • èrdòng
    2栋
    Building 2
  • sāndòng
    3栋
    Building 3

 

8. 层 céng · HSK 3

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ measure word for layers of objects

  • Zhè kuài shēngrì dàngāo yǒu sān céng.
    这块生日蛋糕有三层。
    This “kuai” (of) birthday cake has three layers.
  • Nǐ chuān nàme duō céng yīfu gàn shénme?
    你穿那么多层衣服干什么?
    What (do) you do wearing that many layers (of) clothes?

 

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ measure word for floors/stories of buildings/houses

  • Tā jiā tèbié dà, yǒu liǎng céng.
    他家特别大,有两层。
    His house (is) especially big, (it) has two stories.
  • Wǒ jiā zhù zài shí’èr céng.
    我家住在12层。
    My family lives on (the) 12(th) floor.

 

The following two sentences are both correct:

  • Nǐ zhù zài jǐ céng?
    Nǐ zhù zài dì jǐ céng?
    你住在几层?
    你住在第几层?
    (No.) what-number floor (do) you live on?

 

9. 楼 lóu · HSK 3

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ building

  • bàngōng lóu
    办公楼
    office building
  • sùshè lóu
    宿舍楼
    dormitory building
  • shāngzhù lóu 
    商住楼
    commercial and residential building (a building where there are both residential apartments and commercial area)

 

  • yí dòng lóu
    一栋楼
    one “dong” (of) building
  • yí dòng dà lóu
    一栋大楼
    one “dong” (of) big building

 

  • yī hào lóu
    一号楼
    Building No.1
  • èr hào lóu
    二号楼
    Building No.2
  • sān hào lóu
    三号楼
    Building No.3

 

  • Zhè dòng lóu yígòng yǒu ’èr shí ’èr céng.
    这栋楼一共有22层。
    This “dong” (of) building altogether has 22 floors.
  • Wǒ jiā jiù zhù zài zhè dòng lóu li.
    我家就住在这栋楼里。
    My family exactly lives in this “dong” (of) building.

 

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ measure word for floors/stories of buildings/houses

  • yī lóu
    一楼
    1(st) floor
  • èr lóu
    二楼
    2(nd) floor
  • shíbā lóu
    十八楼
    18(th) floor

 

  • lóu shàng
    楼上
    upstairs
  • lóu xià
    楼下
    downstairs

 

  • Wǒ jiā zhù zài liù lóu.
    我家住在6楼。
    My family lives on (the) 6(th) floor.
  • Nǐ de bàngōngshì zài jǐ lóu?
    你的办公室在几楼?
    What-number (of) floor is your office on?

 

层 vs. 楼

他住在7层。 他住在7楼。 floor number; story number
这栋楼一共有50层。 这栋楼一共有50楼。 how many   floors/stories in total

 

10. 室 shì

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ room

  • Nǐ yào zhǎo Zhāng Jīnglǐ ma? Tā zài bā líng bā shì.
    你要找张经理吗?他在808室。
    You want to seek Manager Zhang? He is in Room 808.
    Kàn, zhè jiù shì wǒ de sùshè lóu, wǒ zhù liù yī líng jiǔ shì.
    看,这就是我的宿舍楼,我住6109室。
    Look, this “exactly” is my dormitory-building, I live-in Room-6109.

 

11. 号 hào

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ street number; number (for rooms)

  • Wǒ de xīn dìzhǐ shì Huìwén Lù sān hào.
    我的新地址是会文路3号。
    My new address is No.3 Huiwen Road.
  • Wǒ jiā zhù zài Tónghé dàjiē yī bǎi liù shí jiǔ hào.
    我家住在同和大街169号。
    My family lives at No. 169 Tonghe (Big-)Street.

 

12. 小区 xiǎoqū

n. 名词 míngcí ▸residential community; residential apartment complex

  • Zhōng ’Āyí zài zhè ge xiǎoqū li mǎi le yí tào fángzi.
    钟阿姨在这个小区里买了一套房子。
    Aunt Zhong bought one “suite” (of) house/apartment in this “ge” (of) residential-community.
  • Nà ge xiǎoqū li zhù zhe hěn duō niánqīng rén.
    那个小区里住着很多年轻人。
    (There are) very many young people “being living” in that “ge” (of) residential-community.
  • Wǒ bǎ xiǎoqū dìzhǐ gàosu Guān Shūshu le.
    我把小区地址告诉关叔叔了。
    I (-) “disposing of (the) residential-community address (-) told Uncle Guan (already).

 

13. 寄 jì · HSK 4

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to send by mail

  • Qǐng wèn nín zhèr bīngxiāng jì de liao ma?
    请问您这儿冰箱寄得了吗?
    Please-(allow me)-to ask (that) (in) here-(where)-you-(are) (-) (does a) refrigerator-has-the-potential-to-be-sent-by-mail?
  • Nǐ yào bǎ zhè fèn lǐwù jì gěi shéi?
    你要把这份礼物寄给谁?
    To whom (do) you want to (-) “disposing of” this “fen” (of) gift (-) send-by-mail?

 

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