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Level 3 Lesson 25.2 – 山上的空气多新鲜啊!

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GRAMMAR: Interjection 啊 Used In Exclamatory Sentences And Questions

In this HSK 3 video lesson we'll learn how to use Interjection 啊 in Chinese. We'll learn how to use 啊 in Exclamatory Sentences and how to use 啊 to ask questions.

  • Interjection 啊 used in  感叹句 (gǎntànjù ▸ Exclamatory Sentences )
  • Interjection 啊 used in 问句 (wènjù ▸ Questions )

GRAMMAR


Summary. 叹词

Tàncí ▸ Interjection

叹词 (Tàncí ▸ Interjection) in Chinese is used for two purposes, first, to express emotion and tone, and second, to call out or to give a response.

We have learned an Interjection before: 喂(wèi), we use it "to call out, to try to get people’s attention".

  See also 喂 (wèi ▸ hi; hello; hey).

In today's lesson we have another Interjection 啊.

 

Grammar 1. 啊用在感叹句

a yòng zài Gǎntànjù▸啊 in Exclamatory Sentences

When we use Interjection 啊 at the end of 感叹句(Gǎntànjù ▸ Exclamatory Sentences)

  • it does not change the general meaning of the sentence
  • it is added to make the exclamation tone
    • a little bit stronger
    • and more emotional

啊 does not change the general meaning of the sentence:

  • Nǐ de yán fàng de tài duō le (a)!
    你的盐放得太多了!
    你的盐放得太多了啊!
    Your salt (has been) put-in too much! [You put-in too much salt!]
  • Zhè pǐ mǎ pǎo de zhēn kuài (a)!
    这匹马跑得真快!
    这匹马跑得真快啊!
    This “pi” (of) horse runs really fast!

 

  • Méi wèntí (a)!
    没问题!
    没问题啊!
    No problem (-a)!
  • Xièxie (a)!
    谢谢!
    谢谢啊!
    Thanks (-a)!

 

Below are more example sentences where Interjection 啊 is used in Exclamatory Sentences:

  • Dìdi xiě shùxué zuòyè xiě de zhēn rènzhēn ’a!
    弟弟写数学作业写得真认真啊!
    (The) little brother writes math homework writes really careful(ly)!
  • Tā de zhè ge juédìng zuò de duō kuài ’a!
    他的这个决定做得多快啊!
    His this “ge” (of) decision (was) made “so very” fast!
  • Nǐ shuō zhèyàng de huà ràng māma duō nánguò ’a!
    你说这样的话让妈妈多难过啊!
    You saying words (of) this-nature made mom “so very” sad!

 

Grammar 2. 啊用在问句

a yòng zài Wènjù▸啊 in Questions

When we use Interjection 啊 at the end of a 问句(Wènjù ▸ Questions)

  • it does not change the general meaning of the sentence
  • it is used to soften the tone.

啊 does not change the general meaning of the sentence:

  • Nǐ zěnme gǎnmào le (a)?
    你怎么感冒了?
    你怎么感冒了啊?
    How-come you got-(a)-cold?
  • Nǐ shì xiǎng qí mǎ, háishì xiǎng pá shān (a)?
    你是想骑马,还是想爬山?
    你是想骑马,还是想爬山啊?
    (Do) you want to ride (the) horse, or (do you) want to climb (the) mountain?

 

Below are more example sentences where Interjection 啊 is used in Questions:

  • Nǐ wèishénme bú yì fāshǎo jiù chī yào ’a?
    你为什么不一发烧就吃药啊?
    Why (do) not you eat medicine “right away after” having-(a)-fever?
  • Shéi bù zhīdào tā tèbié yǒuqián ’a?
    谁不知道他特别有钱啊?
    Who (does) not know (that) he (is) especially rich?
  • Nǐ shénme shìhou xiāngxìn guo wǒ ’a?
    你什么时候相信过我啊?
    When (have) you (ever) trusted me?

 

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