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Level 3 Lesson 15.1 – 把 牙 颗 刷 干净 打扫 灯 盏 冰箱 打开

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HSK 3+ VOCABULARY: 把 牙 颗 刷 干净 打扫 灯 盏 冰箱 打开

In this video lesson we'll learn the vocabulary in Lesson 15 and practice them with a lot of example sentences. For new Chinese characters, we'll learn how to write them and know about their structures and origins in the attached writing sheet.

  • VOCABULARY: 把 牙 颗 刷 干净 打扫 灯 盏 冰箱 打开
  • CHINESE CHARACTERS: 牙 颗 刷 净 扫 灯 盏

VOCABULARY LIST


VOCABULARY USAGE


1. 把 bǎ · HSK 3 

prep. 介词 jiècí ▸ used before the Object that receives an action

Before, we've learned how to use 把 as a 量词  (liàngcí ▸ Measure Word).

  • yì bǎ jiǎndāo
    一把剪刀
    one “pair” (of) scissors
  • yì bǎ yǐzi
    一把椅子
    one “ba”(/grab) (of) chair
  • yǐ bǎyán
    一把盐
    one “ba”(/grab) (of) salt
  • yì bǎ táng
    一把糖
    one “ba”(/grab) (of) sugar

We will learn about to use 把 as a 介词 (jiècí ▸ Preposition  ) in Topic 2.

 

2. 牙 yá · HSK 3 

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ tooth

3. 颗 kē · HSK 5 

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ measure word for things that are small and roundish

  • Háizi kāishǐ zhǎng yá le ma?
    孩子开始长牙了吗?
    (Has the) kid started to grow teeth (already)?
  • Yīshēng, wǒ yá téng!
    医生,我牙疼!
    Doctor, I (-) tooth hurt!
  • Wǒ zuǒbiān zhè kē yá yǒu diǎnr wèntí.
    我左边这颗牙有点儿问题。
    I (-) this “ke” (of) tooth (on the) left has (a) little bit (of) problem.

 

4. 刷 shuā · HSK 3 

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ brush

  • xiéshuā
    鞋刷
    shoe brush
  • yáshuā
    牙刷
    toothbrush

 

v. 动词 dòngcí▸ to brush

  • shuā xié
    刷鞋
    to brush shoe(s)
  • shuā yá
    刷牙
    to brush teeth

 

  • Yùndòngxié zāng le, děi shuā yí xià.
    运动鞋脏了,得刷一下。
    (The) sports shoes (are) dirty (already), (they) need to (be) brushed (for) “a little bit”.
  • Wǒ shuā le yá jiù yào shuìjiào le.
    我刷了牙就要睡觉了。
    I (,after) brushing teeth(,) “soon will” sleep.

5. 干净 gānjìng · HSK 3 

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ clean; neat; tidy

  • fēicháng gānjìng
    非常干净
    very clean/neat/tidy
  • gāngānjìngjìng
    干干净净
    [approving]pretty clean/neat/tidy
  • bù gānjìng
    不干净
    not clean/neat/tidy

 

  • Zhè bǎ yáshuā bù gānjìng, bié yòng le.
    这把牙刷不干净,别用了。
    This “ba” (of) toothbrush (is) not clean, (do) not use (it already).
  • Nǚháir men chuān zhe gāngānjìngjìng de qúnzi.
    女孩儿们穿着干干净净的裙子。
    (The) girls (are) wearing (such) clean dress/skirt.
  • Zhè ge xǐshǒujiān zhēn gānjìng.
    这个洗手间真干净。
    This “ge” (of) bathroom (is) really clean.
  • Méi xiǎngdào nǐ de fāngjiān zhème gānjìng.
    没想到你的房间这么干净。
    (I have) not thought(-with the result of)-thinking-of (that) your room (is) so clean/neat/tidy.

 

6. 打扫 dǎsǎo · HSK 3

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to clean up; to sweep up; to tidy up

  • dǎsǎo fāngjián
    打扫房间
    to clean/sweep/tidy up (the) room
  • dǎsǎo bàngōngshì
    打扫办公室
    to clean/sweep/tidy up (the) office room
  • dǎsǎo gānjìng
    打扫干净 [干净 is used as a 结果补语 jiéguǒ bǔyǔ Complement of Result]
    to clean up-(with the result being)-clean
  • dǎsǎo de fēicháng gānjìng
    打扫得非常干净 [干净 is used as a 情态补语 qíngtài bǔyǔ Complement of State]
    to clean up very clean
  • dǎsǎo de gānjìng
    打扫得干净 [干净 is used as a 可能补语 kěnéng bǔyǔ Potential Complement]
    to clean up and have the potential/ability to clean up clean
  • dǎsǎo de bù gānjìng
    打扫不干净 [干净 is used as a 可能补语 kěnéng bǔyǔ Potential Complement]
    to clean up and not have the potential/ability to clean up clean

 

7. 灯 dēng · HSK 3 

n. 名词 míngcí ▸light; lamp

8. 盏 zhǎn

m.w. 量词 liàngcí▸ measure word for lights and lamps

 

  • yì zhǎn děng
    一盏灯
    one “zhan” (of) light/lamp
  • kāi dēng
    开灯
    to turn on (the) light/lamp
  • guān dēng
    关灯
    to turn off (the) light/lamp

 

  • chē dēng
    车灯
    the headlight of an automobile or motorcycle
  • lù dēng
    路灯
    street lamp

 

  • hóngdēng
    红灯
    red light
  • huáng dēng
    黄灯
    yellow light
  • lǜdēng
    绿灯
    green light

 

9. 冰箱 bīngxiāng · HSK3

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ refrigerator

  • yí ge bīngxiāng
    一个冰箱
    one “ge” (of) refrigerator
  • yì tái bīngxiāng
    一台冰箱
    one “tai” (of) refrigerator

 

  • Bīngxiāng huài le, lǐmiàn de yú dōu yǒu wèidào le.
    冰箱坏了,里面的鱼都有味道了。
    (The) refrigerator (is) broken (already), (the) fish inside already has smell (already).
  • Bīngxiāng li méi jīdàn le, wǒmen děi qù chāoshì mǎi yìdiǎn.
    冰箱里没鸡蛋了,我们得去超市买一点。
    (In the) refrigerator there is no egg (anymore), we need to go to (the) supermarket to buy a “litte bit” (of eggs). Nǐ yào hē diǎn shénme ma?
  • Zìjǐ dào bīngxiāng li qù ná ba!
    你要喝点什么吗?自己到冰箱里去拿吧!
    (Do) you want to drink “(a) little bit” (of) something? Go to (the) refrigerator inside to go get (some your)self!

 

10. 打开 dǎkāi · HSK3

  • bié dǎkāi
    别打开
    (Do) not open/turn on
  • dǎ de kāi
    打得开
    to do (with hand) and have the potential to open/turn on
  • dǎ bu kāi
    打不开
    to do (with hand) and not have the potential to open/turn on

 

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸to open (by pulling, uncovering, unlocking or untying…)

  • dǎ kāi mén
    打开门
    to open (the) door/gate

 

  • Nǐ dǎkāi bīngxiāng kànkan wǒmen hái yǒu méiyǒu niúnǎi.
    你打开冰箱看看我们还有没有牛奶。
    You open (the) refrigerator to look “really quick” (that) we still have (or) not have milk.
  • Zhè bǎ yàoshi dǎ de kāi yī bān jiàoshì ma?
    这把钥匙打得开一班教室吗?
    (Does) this “ba” (of) key have the potential to open (the) classroom (of) Class 1?

 

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸to turn on (electric devices)

  • dǎ kāi dēng
    打开灯
    to turn on (the) light

 

  • Wǒ shǒujī méi diàn le, dǎ bù kāi.
    我手机没电了,打不开。
    My cellphone (does) not (have) electricity (anymore), (it does) not have the potential to (be) opened.
  • Zhè zhǎn dēng zěnme zìjǐ dǎkāi le?
    这盏灯怎么自己打开了?
    How come this “zhan” (of) light (was) turned on (by it)self?

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