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Level 3 Lesson 12.2 – 我头有点疼,吃了点药。

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GRAMMAR: "A Little Bit" in Chinese with (一)点/(一)点儿 and 有(一)点/有(一)点儿

In this HSK 3 video lesson we'll learn how to say "A Little Bit" in Chinese with 一点 and 一点儿. We'll also learn how to say "a little bit + adj." with 有(一)点 and 有(一)点儿.

  •  (一)点/(一)点儿 + n. (phrase)
  • 有(一)点/有(一)点儿 + Predicate

GRAMMAR


Grammar 1. (一)点 / (一)点儿 + 名词短语

(yì) diǎn / (yì) diǎnr + míngcí (duǎnyǔ) ▸ A Little Bit + N.(Phrase)

 

(1) Measure Word 点

Measure Word 点 (diǎn) can be used to measure "不多的一些", which can be translated as "a little bit; a small amount".

Measure Word 点 (diǎn) can be used to measure:

  1. something abstract
  2. something physical, but DOES NOT have (1) a CONSISTENT shape or (2) a FIXED measure word. Because Measure Words are usually related to shape.

 

(2) (一)点 / (一)点儿 + N. (Phrase)

We can use this structure to say "a little bit of + n. (phrase)". In this structure:

  1. 点 is a Measure Word that suggests "a little bit; a small amount"
  2. 儿 is used in colloquial language
  3. the number 一 can be omitted

So there are four ways to use this structure:

  • 一点 + n. (phrase)
  • 一点儿 + n. (phrase)
  • 点 + n. (phrase)
  • 点儿 + n. (phrase)
  See also 一些 vs 些.

 

(3) (一)点 / (一)点儿 + Abstract Noun

  • chū le yì diǎn wèntí
    出了(一)点问题
    to have appeared a little bit (of) problem
  • tīngdào yì diǎnr shēngyīn
    听到(一)点儿声音
    to hear a little bit (of) sound
  • shēngguo yì diǎn bìng
    生过(一)点病
    to have got a little bit (of) sickness
  • zuò guo yì diǎnr gōngzuò
    做(一)点儿工作
    to do a little bit (of) work

 

(4) (一)点  / (一)点儿 + Physical Noun (-no consistent shape -no fixed measure word)

  • chī yì diǎn miànbāo
    吃(一)点面包
    to eat a little bit (of) bread
  • fàng yì diǎnr yángròu
    放(一)点儿羊肉
    to put in a little bit (of) lamb meat
  • hē yì diǎn chá
    喝(一)点茶
    to drink a little bit (of) tea
  • ná yì diǎnr yán
    拿(一)点儿盐
    to grab a little bit (of) salt

 

Grammar 2. A + 有(一)点 / 有(一)点儿 + B

A + yǒu (yì) diǎnyǒu (yì) diǎnr + B ▸ A (is) “to the extent of” a little bit B

  See also 有 (yǒu ▸ to reach (the evaluation of...).

(1) Subject + 有(一)点/有(一)点儿 + Predicate

In a sentence, the grammatical structure is as above. In this structure:

  1. “有” here means "reaches the evaluation of"
  2. The Predicate
    1. is usually an adj. (phrase)
    2. is sometimes a verb (phrase)

 

(2) 有(一)点 / 有(一)点儿 + adj. (phrase)

  • Zhèyàng de xuéxí xíguàn yǒu yì diǎn chà.
    这样的学习习惯有一点差。
    Study habits (like) this (are) “a little bit” bad.
  • Zhè dào shùxué tí yǒu (yì) diǎn tài nán le, wǒ bú huì zuò.
    这道数学题有(一)点太难了,我不会做。
    This “dao” (of) math test-question (is) “a little bit” too difficult, I (do) now know how to do (it).
  • Zhè ge xínglixiāng yǐjīng yǒu yì diǎnr jiù le.
    这个行李箱已经有一点儿旧了。
    This “ge” suitcase (is) already “to the extent of” “a little bit” old (already).

 

(2) 有(一)点 / 有(一)点儿 + v. (phrase)

  • Nǐ hùzhào shang de zì zěnme yǒu (yì) diǎn kàn bu qīngchu?
    你护照上的字怎么有(一)点看不清楚?
    How come (the) characters (on) your passport-surface (are) “a little bit” not-able-to-be seen clear(ly)?
  • Jǐ tiān bú jiàn, wǒ yǒu diǎnr xiǎng tā.
    几天不见,我有点儿想他。
    (For) a few days not see (him), I (for) "a little bit" miss him.
  • Tā shuō de nà xiē huà , wǒ yǒu yì diǎnr bù xiāngxìn.
    他说的那些话,我有一点儿不相信。
    Those words (that) he said, I (for) "a little bit" not believe (them).

 

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