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Level 3 Lesson 6.1 – 可爱 努力 辛苦 熊猫 这么 那么 这样 那样

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HSK 3+ VOCABULARY: 可爱 努力 辛苦 熊猫 这么 那么 这样 那样

In this video lesson we'll learn the vocabulary in Lesson 6 and practice them with a lot of example sentences. For new Chinese characters, we'll learn how to write them and know about their structures and origins in the attached writing sheet.

  • VOCABULARY: 可爱 努力 辛苦 熊猫 这么 那么 这样 那样
  • CHINESE CHARACTERS: 努 力 辛 苦 熊
  • COMMON CHINESE FAMILY NAMES: 熊(xióng)

VOCABULARY LIST


VOCABULARY USAGE


1. 可爱 kě'ài · HSK 3

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ cute; lovely; adorable

  • fēicháng kě’ài
    非常可爱
    very/pretty cute/lovely/adorable
  • kě’ài de xiǎogǒu
    可爱的小狗
    (a) cute little dog / cute little dogs

 

  • Nà ge háizi búdàn kě'ài, érqiě jiànkāng.
    那个孩子不但可爱,而且健康。
    That “ge” (of) child (is) not only cute, but also healthy.
  • Nǐ chuān de yīfu yuè lái yuè kě’ài le.
    你穿的衣服越来越可爱了。
    (The) outfits (that) you wear (have become) cuter and cuter.
  • Xuéshengmen tiào de nà ge wǔ tèbié kě'ài.
    学生们跳的那个舞特别可爱。
    That “ge” (of) dance (that the) students danced (was) really cute/adorable.

 

2. 努力 nǔlì · HSK 3

 

(1) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to make great effort; to try hard; to work hard

(1.1) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to make great effort; to try hard; to work hard

  • nǔlì xuéxí
    努力学习
    to study hard
  • nǔlì gōngzuò
    努力工作
    to do (one’s) job hard

 

  • Dàjiā dōu zài nǔlì zhǔnbèi zhè cì bǐsài.
    大家都在努力准备这次比赛。
    Everyone is working hard to prepare (for) this “ci” (of) game/match.
  • Nǔlì le jǐ nián yǐhòu, tā xiànzài de shēnghuó yuè lái yuè hǎo le.
    努力了几年以后,他现在的生活越来越好了。
    (In the) time (that is) working hard (for) a few years, his life now (has become) better and better.

(1.2) Detachable Compound 离合词 líhécí ▸ to make great effort; to try hard; to work hard

  • nǔ yì bǎ lì
    努一把力
    to work hard (for) one “ba”
  • nǔ yí xià lì
    努一下力
    to work hard (for) a little bit
  • Nǐ zài nǔ bǎ lì ba! Zhè cí kǎoshì bù nán.
    你再努把力吧!这次考试不难。
    You work hard (for) (one) “ba”! (The) test this time (is) not difficult.

 

(2) adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ [descriptive] making great effort; trying hard; working hard

  • Tā shì ge tèbié nǔlì de xuésheng.
    他是个特别努力的学生。
    He is (one) “ge” (of) student (who is) very hardworking.
  • Dìdi gēn gēge yíyàng nǔlì.
    弟弟跟哥哥一样努力。
    (The) little brother (is) the same hardworking with (the) big brother.

 

(3) n. 名词 míngcí ▸ great effort; hard work

  • Zhè míng qiúyuán de nǔlì ràng dàjiā yòu kàndào le xīwàng.
    这名球员的努力让大家又看到了希望。
    (The) effort of this “ming” (of) player made everyone saw hope again.
  • Jīnnián gōngsī de gōngzuò zuò de tèbie hǎo, wǒ yào xièxie dàjiā de nǔlì!
    今年公司的工作做得特别好,我要谢谢大家的努力!
    This year (our) company’s work (was) done very well, I should thank everyone’s hard work.

 

3. 辛苦 xīnkǔ · HSK 3

 

(1) adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ hard; toilsome; laborious

  • Wǒ tèbié xǐhuan zhè fèn gōngzuò, suǒyǐ méi juéde xīnkǔ.
    我特别喜欢这份工作,所以没觉得辛苦。
    I very like this “fen” (of) job, so (I do) not feel (that it is) hard/toilsome/laborious.
  • Zhè cì lǚxíng suīrán hǎo wánr, dànshì zhēnde tài xīnkǔ le.
    这次旅行虽然好玩儿,但是真的太辛苦了。
    Though travelling this time (was) fun, but (it was) really too hard/toilsome/laborious.

 

(2) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ [Polite Formula used to ask or thank for help, favor, etc. from other people]
to work hard; to go through great trouble; to go through hardships

  • Xīnkǔ dàjiā le!
    辛苦大家了!
    Everyone (has) worked hard! / Everyone (has) gone through great trouble! [to thank for what they’ve already done as a help or a favor]
    (It will make) everyone (of you) work hard! / (It will make) everyone (of you) go through great trouble! [to thank for what they will do as a help or a favor]
  • Lǎoshī, nín xīnkǔ le!
    老师,您辛苦了!
    Teacher, you’ve worked hard! / Teacher, you’ve gone through great trouble!
    Teacher, (it will make) you worked hard! / Teacher, (it will make) you go through great trouble!
  • Zhè cì xīnkǔ nǐ bāngmáng, xièxie!
    这次辛苦你帮忙,谢谢!
    This time (I made it so that) you have “gone through great trouble/worked hard”, thanks!
    This time (I will make it so that) you will “go through great trouble/work hard”, thanks!

 

4. 熊猫 xióngmāo · HSK 3

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ panda

  • dà xióng māo
    大熊猫
    the giant panda
  • xiǎo xióng māo
    小熊猫
    the red panda / baby panda; panda cub

 

  • liǎng zhī xióngmāo
    两只熊猫
    two “zhi” (of) pandas
  • xióngmāo māma
    熊猫妈妈
    (the) mom panda

 

  • Xióngmāo shì hēisè hé báisè de.
    熊猫是黑色和白色的。
    Pandas are (something) of (the) color black and (the) color white.
  • Xiǎo xiōngmāo gēn dà xióngmāo bù yíyàng.
    小熊猫跟大熊猫不一样。
    The red pandas are not the same with the giant pandas.
  • Dà xióngmāo pàngpàng de, tài kě’ài le!
    大熊猫胖胖的,太可爱了!
    The giant pandas are chubby, (and they are) so cute!

5. 这么 zhème · HSK 3

demonstrative pr. 指示代词 zhǐshìdàicí ▸ [indicating "high degree"] (like) this

 

6. 这样 zhèyàng · HSK 3

demonstrative pr. 指示代词 zhǐshìdàicí ▸ [indicating "high degree"] (like) this

 

7. 那么 nàme · HSK 3

demonstrative pr. 指示代词 zhǐshìdàicí ▸ [indicating "high degree"] (like) that

 

8. 那样 nàyàng · HSK 3

demonstrative pr. 指示代词 zhǐshìdàicí ▸ [indicating "high degree"] (like) that

 

We will learn about the usage of 指示代词 (Zhǐshì Dàicí ▸ Demonstrative Pronoun) 这么/这样/那么/那样 in Lesson 6.2.

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