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Level 3 Lesson 8.1 – 读 读书 上 年级 大学 中学 小学 初中 高中 ~生

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HSK 3+ VOCABULARY: 读 读书 上 年级 大学 中学 小学 初中 高中 ~生

In this video lesson we'll learn the vocabulary in Lesson 8 and practice them with a lot of example sentences. For new Chinese characters, we'll learn how to write them and know about their structures and origins in the attached writing sheet.

  • VOCABULARY: 读 读书 上 年级 大学 中学 小学 初中 高中 ~生
  • CHINESE CHARACTERS: 级 初
  • COMMON CHINESE FAMILY NAMES: 高(gāo)

VOCABULARY LIST


VOCABULARY USAGE


1. 读 dú · HSK 3 

(1) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to read with eyes only; to read out aloud

  • dú xìn
    读信
    to read (a) letter (silently or our aloud)
  • dú bàozhǐ
    读报纸
    to read (a) newspaper (silently or our aloud)
  • dú shū
    读书
    to read (a) book (silently or our aloud)

 

(2) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to attend (school, class, etc)

  • Nǐ xiànzài dú de shì Hànyǔ xuéxiào ma?
    你现在读的是汉语学校吗?
    Is (the) school you attend now (a) Chinese school?

 

2. 读书 dúshū · HSK 3 

(1) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to attend schools or classes in general

  • Dúshù bú shì yīnwèi yǒu yìsi, shì yīnwèi yǒu yòng.
    读书不是因为有意思,是因为有用。
    (The reason for) going to school “is not (because)” because (it is) interesting, “is (because)” because (it is) useful.

 

(2) Detachable Compound. 离合词 líhécí ▸to attend schools or classes in general

  • Wǒ zài Shànghǎi dú guo shū, zài Běijīng yě dú guo.
    我在上海读过书,在北京也读过。
    I(,) in Shanghai(,) have attended school, in Beijing(,) also have attended (school).

 

3. 上 shàng · N/A

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to attend according to a schedule (school, class, work, etc)

  • shàng xué
    上学
    to attend school (in general)
  • shàng bān
    上班
    to attend work (in general)
  • shàng kè
    上课
    to attend class (in general)

 

  • Nǐ jiā háizi jǐnnián duō dà, kāishǐ shàngbān le ma?
    你家孩子今年多大,开始上班了吗?
    How old is (the) kid (of) your family this year, have (they) started to go to work (already)?
  • Shíyī diǎn jiù yào shàng kè le, xiànzài jiǔ diǎn, hái yǒu liǎng ge xiǎoshí.
    十一点就要上课了,现在九点,还有两个小时。
    (We) soon will attend class (at) 11 o’clock, now (it is) 9 o’clock, there is additionally two “ge” (of) hours.
  • Xiǎo shíhou, shì yéye nǎinai měitiān sòng wǒ qù shàng de xué.
    小时候,是爷爷奶奶每天送我去上的学。
    When (I was) little, (it) was (my) grandparents (that) every day sent me to go to attend school.

 

4. 年级 niánjí · HSK 3

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to attend according to a schedule (school, class, work, etc)

  • yī niánjí
    一年级
    1(st) grade (in a school system)
  • èr niánjí
    二年级
    2(nd) grade (in a school system)

 

  • Nǐ jiā háizi shàng jǐ niánjí le?
    你家孩子上几年级了?
    Which grade (does) (the) child (of) your family attend (already)?
  • Liù niánjí de xuésheng zuò zhèbiān, wǔ niánjí de zuò nàbiān.
    六年级的学生坐这边,五年级的坐那边。
    Students (of) 6(th) grade sit here, students (of) 5(th) grade sit there.
  • Wǒ shì cóng ’èr niánjí kāishǐ xué de yóuyǒng.
    我是从二年级开始学的游泳。
    (It) was from 2(nd) grade (that) I started to learn swimming.

 

5. 大学 dàxué · N/A

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ university; college

 

6. 中学 zhōngxué · N/A

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ middle school and/or high school

 

7. 小学 xiǎoxué · N/A

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ elementary school

 

  • dàxué tóngxué
    大学同学
    university/college classmates
  • zhōngxué tóngxué
    中学同学
    middle/high school classmates
  • xiǎoxué tóngxué
    小学同学
    elementary school classmates

 

  • dàxué lǎoshī
    大学老师
    university/college teacher
  • zhōngxué lǎoshī
    中学老师
    middle/high school teacher
  • xiǎoxué lǎoshī
    小学老师
    elementary school teacher

 

  • kǎo gāozhōng
    考高中
    to take-test (for entering) high school
  • kǎo dàxué
    考大学
    to take-test (for entering) university/college

 

  • kǎo shàng gāozhōng
    考上高中
    to take-test-(with the result of)-getting-in (a) high school
  • kǎo shàng dàxué
    考上大学
    to take-test-(with the result of)-getting-in (a) university/college

 

  • Běijīng Dàxué
    北京大学
    Beijing university
  • Běijīng de Dàxué
    北京的大学
    university/universities located in Beijing

 

8. 初中 chūzhōng · N/A

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ middle school (grade 7 to 9)

 

9. 高中 gāozhōng · N/A

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ high school (grade 10 to 12)

 

10. ~生 ~shēng · N/A

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ ...student

 

  • dàxué shēng
    大学生
    university/college student
  • zhōngxué shēng
    中学生
    middle school and/or high school student
  • xiǎoxué shēng
    小学生
    elementary school student

 

  • chūzhōng shēng
    初中生
    middle school student
  • gāozhōng shēng
    高中生
    high school student

 

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