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Level 3 Lesson 16.1 – 厘米 分 短 矮 低 轻 重

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HSK 3+ VOCABULARY: 厘米 分 短 矮 低 轻 重

In this video lesson we'll learn the vocabulary in Lesson 16 and practice them with a lot of example sentences. For new Chinese characters, we'll learn how to write them and know about their structures and origins in the attached writing sheet.

  • VOCABULARY: 厘米 分 短 矮 低 轻 重
  • CHINESE CHARACTERS: 厘 短 矮 低 轻 重

VOCABULARY LIST


VOCABULARY USAGE


1. 厘米 límǐ · HSK 3 

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ centimeter

  • liǎng límǐ
    两厘米
    two centimeters
  • shí límǐ
    十厘米
    ten centimeters

 

  • Yì mǐ yǒu yì bǎi límǐ.
    一米有一百厘米。
    One meter has one hundred centimeters.
  • Tā gèzi gāogāo de, yǒu yì bǎi jiǔ shí límǐ.
    他个子高高的,有一百九十厘米。
    He (-) height (is) very tall, “reaches the evaluation of” 190 centimeters.
  • Zhè zhāng zhuōzi gāo jiǔ shí wǔ límǐ.
    这张桌子高九十五厘米。
    This “zhang” table (-) height (is) 95 centimeters.
  • Zhè jiàn xíngli cháng yì bǎi ’èr shíl ímǐ.
    这件行李长一百二十厘米。
    This “jian” luggage (-) length (is) 1 hundred 20 centimeters.

 

2. 分 fēn · HSK 3 

m.w.量词 liàngcí ▸ (of score) point

  See also 分 (fēn▸minute).
  • Wǒ de shùxué kǎoshì chéngjì shì yì bǎi fēn.
    我的数学考试成绩是一百分。
    My math test score is 100 points.

 

A:  Zhè dào tí yǒu jǐ fēn?
      这道题有几分?
      How many points does this “dao” test-question have?
B:  Zhè dào tí yǒu wǔ fēn.
      这道题有五分。
      This “dao” test-question has 5 points.

 

3. 有~ yǒu~ · HSK 3 

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ having (the nature and/or characteristic of)

We use this structure: 有 + n.

  • yǒuqián
    有钱
    rich; wealthy
  • Nǐ bǎ wǒ xiǎng de tài yǒuqián le, dàn wǒ bú shì yǒuqián rén.
    你把我想得太有钱了,但我不是有钱人。
    You -“disposing of” me -think too rich, but I am not (a) rich person.

 

  • yǒumíng
    有名
    famous; well-known; 大家都知道、认识的
  • Zhè zuò shān shì Zhōngguó zuì yǒumíng de shān.
    这座山是中国最有名的山。
    This “zuo” (of) mountain is China(’s) most famous mountain.

 

  • yǒukòng
    有空
    free; not busy; 不忙; 有时间
  • Yǒu kòng de shíhou wǒ děi bǎ fángjiān dǎsǎo le.
    有空的时候我得把房间打扫了。
    (In the) time (that I am) free I need to -“disposing of” (the) room -clean up.

 

  • yǒuwèntí
    有问题
    having-something-wrong
  • Nǐ bù juéde tā shuō de huà hěn yǒu wèntí ma?
    你不觉得他说的话很有问题吗?
    You (do) not think (that) there is something quite wrong with (the) words he said?

 

  • yǒuxìngqù
    有兴趣
    to be fond of; to be interested in
  • yǒuyìsi
    有意思
    interesting; fun

 

4. 短 duǎn · HSK 4

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí▸ short (in length)

  • Tā zhè cì bǎ tóufa jiǎn de hěn duǎn.
    她这次把头发剪得很短。
    She this time -“disposing of” (her) hair -cut (it) very short.
  • Zhè jié kè de shíjiān hěn duǎn.
    这节课的时间很短。
    (The) time(-duration) of this “period” (of) class (is) very short.
  • Zhè tiáo qúnzi bǐ nà tiáo kùzi duǎn.
    这条裙子比那条裤子短。
    This “tiao” dress/skirt “comparing with” that “tiao” pants (is) short(er).
  • Gāo Lǎoshī xiě de gùshi yuè lái yuè duǎn le.
    高老师写的故事越来越短了。
    (The) stories (that) Teacher Gao writes (are) “more and more” short.

 

5. 矮 ǎi · HSK 3 

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ short (for height of a person)

  • Mèimei bǐ gēge ’ǎi.
    妹妹比哥哥矮。
    Little sister “comparing with” big brother (is) shorter.
  • Wǒ xiǎoshíhou zhǎng de yǒu diǎnr ’ǎi, shéi zhīdào xiànzài zhǎng de hěn gāo.
    我小时候长得有点儿矮,谁知道现在长得很高。
    I(,) when (I was) little(,) appeared “kind of” short, who (would) know (that) now I appear very tall.
  • Wǒ juéde ’ǎi gèzi de nǚháir hěn kě’ài.
    我觉得矮个子的女孩儿很可爱。
    I think petite-height girls (are) very cute.

 

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ short (in relation to the height of an average person)

  • Zhè ge fángzi zhēn ’ǎi.
    这个房子真矮。
    This house/building (is) really short.
  • Zhè bǎ yǐzi tài ’ǎi le, wǒ zuò zhe bù shūfu.
    这把椅子太矮了,我坐着不舒服。
    This “ba” chair (is) too short, I (am) not comfortable sitting (on it).

 

6. 低 dī · HSK 4

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ low (in physical height)

  • Yǔ tiān, niǎo ’ér fēi de hěn dī.
    雨天,鸟儿飞得很低。
    (It is a) rainy-day, birds fly very low.
  • Zhèliǔ zhème duō shān, nǐ zhīdào nǎ zuò shān gāo, nǎ zuò shān dī ma?
    这里这么多山,你知道哪座山高,哪座山低吗?
    Here (-) so many mountains, (do) you know which “zuo” (of) mountain (is) tall, (and) which “zuo” (of) mountain (is) low?

 

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ low (as an abstract concept)

  • Wǒ zhè cì kǎoshì de chéngjì tài dī le.
    我这次考试的成绩太低了。
    My test score (of) this time (is) too low.
  • Dī niánjí de kè bǐ gāo niánjí de kè hǎojiāo.
    低年级的课比高年级的课好教。
    Classes (for) lower grades “comparing with” classes (for) upper grades (are) easier-to-teach.

 

7. 轻 qīng · HSK 4 

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸light (for weight, sound...)

  • Zhè jiàn xíngli zhēn qīng.
    这件行李真轻。
    This “jian” (of) luggage (is) really light.
  • Zhè ge xiāngzi kàn zhe hěn dà, dànshì hěn qīng.
    这个箱子看着很大,但是很轻。
    This “ge” box(,) looking(,) (is) very big, but (it is) very light.

 

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸light, not serious (to the extent)

  • Tā qīngqīng chàng zhe gē.
    她轻轻唱着歌。
    She (is) singing songs very light(ly).
  • Yéye bìng de bù qīng, zhù jìn yīyuàn le.
    爷爷病得不轻,住进医院了。
    Grandpa is sick very serious, (and he had) resided-(with the result of)-moving-into the hospital.

 

8. 重 zhòng · HSK4

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ heavy (for weight, sound...)

  • Wǒ de xíngli xiāng tèbié zhòng.
    我的行李箱特别重。
    My suitcase (is) especially heavy.
    Biè dài nàme duō dōngxi pá shān, tài zhòng le.
    别带那么多东西爬山,太重了。
    (Do) no take that much stuff to climb (the) mountains, (it would be) too heavy.

 

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ serious (to the extent)

  • Bié bǎ qián kàn de tài zhòng le.
    别把钱看得太重了。
    (Do) not -“disposing of” money - too heavy.
    Don’t take money as something too important.
    Tā nǎinai shì bu shì bìng de hěn zhòng?
    她奶奶是不是病得很重?
    Is (it or) not is (it that) her grandma is sick very serious(ly)?

 

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