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Level 3 Lesson 13.2 – 哪天我带你去爬山吧。

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GRAMMAR: The Flexible Use Of Question Pronouns: Fuzzy Reference.

In this HSK 3 video lesson we'll learn about 疑问代词的活用: 虚指 (Yíwèn Dàicí De Huóyòng: Xūzhǐ ▸ The Flexible Use Of Question Pronouns: Fuzzy Reference). We'll be using these 疑问代词 (Yíwèn Dàicí ▸ Question Pronouns)

  • 什么
  • 什么时候
  • 哪里 / 哪儿 / 什么地方
  • 怎么

GRAMMAR


SUMMARY. 疑问代词的活用: 虚指

Yíwèn Dàicí De Huóyòng: Xūzhǐ ▸ The Flexible Use Of Question Pronouns: Fuzzy Reference

 

Fuzzy Reference

"Fuzzy Reference" is when these Question Pronouns are used as a reference that is unidentified. It is unidentified because it

  1. cannot be specifically identified, and/or
  2. is not necessary to be specifically identified.

We will be practicing "Fuzzy Reference" with the following Question Pronouns:

  • 谁 someone
  • 什么 something
  • 哪 some one (of)
  • 什么时候 sometime
  • 哪里 / 哪儿 / 什么地方 somewhere
  • 怎么 somehow

 

Grammar 1. 疑问代词"谁"的活用: 虚指

Yíwèn Dàicí "Shéi" De Huóyòng: Xūzhǐ ▸ The Flexible Use - Fuzzy Reference - Of Question Pronoun "谁"

 

Fuzzy Reference Meaning Original Meaning
  • an unidentified person
  • "someone", "somebody"
  • who(?)
  • who(?)

 

Example sentences:

  • Wǒ jìde yǐqián shéi gěi wǒ jiǎng guo zhè ge gùshi.
    我记得以前谁给我讲过这个故事。
    I remember (in the) past someone (has) told this “ge” (of) story to me.
  • Tīng shuō nǐmen bān shang yǒu shéi kǎo shàng le Běijīng Dàxué.
    听说你们班上有谁考上了北京大学。
    (I) heard (that) in you guys’ class “there is” someone (who) took-test-(with the result of)-getting-into Beijing University.
  • Duìbuqǐ, wǒmen zhǎo bu dào xiàozhǎng bàngōngshì, qǐngwèn shéi néng dài wǒmen qù yíxià ma?
    对不起,我们找不到校长办公室,请问谁能带我们去一下吗?
    Excuse me, we are not able to find (the) principal(’s) office, please-(allow-me-to)-ask (that) can someone take us to go (there) “really quick”?

 

Grammar 2. 疑问代词"什么"的活用: 虚指

Yíwèn Dàicí "Shénme" De Huóyòng: Xūzhǐ ▸ The Flexible Use - Fuzzy Reference - Of Question Pronoun "什么"

 

什么 Fuzzy Reference Meaning Original Meaning
  • an unidentified thing/item
  • "something"
  • what(?)
  • what(?)

 

Example sentences:

  • Tā yòu qù chāoshì le, kěnéng wàng le mǎi shénme ba?
    他又去超市了,可能忘了买什么吧?
    He went to (the) supermarket, probably forgot to buy something(, right)?
  • Wǒ kàn dào jīnglǐ gēn tā shuō le shénme yǐhòu, tā kū le.
    我看到经理跟他说了什么以后,他哭了。
    I saw (that) (in the) time (that is) after (the) manager said something to him, he cried.
  • Zhè suǒ gāozhōng chū le diǎn shénme wèntí.
    这所高中出了点什么问题。
    This “suo” high school appeared “(a) little bit” (of) some(/unidentified) problem.

 

Grammar 3. 疑问代词"哪"的活用: 虚指

Yíwèn Dàicí "Nǎ" De Huóyòng: Xūzhǐ ▸ The Flexible Use - Fuzzy Reference - Of Question Pronoun "哪"

 

Fuzzy Reference Meaning Original Meaning
  • an unidentified one (of)
  • "some (one of...)"
  • which (one ?)
  • which (one ?)

 

Example sentences:

  • Nā tiān wǒ dài nǐ qù pá shān ba.
    哪天我带你去爬山吧。
    some(/unidentified) day (let) me take you to go to climb (the) mountain.
  • Wǒ xiǎng qǐng nǎ wèi tóngxué jiǎng yíxià zhè ge gùshì, dànshì děi yòng Zhōngwén jiǎng.
    我想请哪位同学讲一下这个故事,但是得用中文讲。
    I want to invite some(/unidentified) classmate to tell this “ge” story “really quick”, but (they) need to use Chinese to tell (it).
  • Wǒmen jiù zài zhèlǐ zhǎo nǎ jiā fànguǎn chī fàn ba!
    我们就在这里找哪家饭馆吃饭吧!
    (Let) us exactly in here look for some(/unidentified) “jia” (of) restaurant to eat meal!

 

Grammar 4. 疑问代词"什么时候"的活用: 虚指

Yíwèn Dàicí "Shénme Shíhou" De Huóyòng: Xūzhǐ ▸ The Flexible Use - Fuzzy Reference - Of Question Pronoun "什么时候"

 

什么时候 Fuzzy Reference Meaning Original Meaning
  • an unidentified time
  • "sometime"
  • what time(?)
  • when(?)

Example sentences:

  • Nǐ shénme shíhou jiāo wǒ zuò dàngāo ba!
    你什么时候教我做蛋糕吧!
    You teach me make cakes (at) some(/unidentified) time!
  • Zhè ge gùshì wǒ jìde nǐ shénme shíhou gěi wǒ jiǎng guo, nǐ wàng le?
    这个故事我记得你什么时候给我讲过,你忘了?
    This “ge” (of) story (-) I remember you (have) told to me some(/unidentified) time, you (have) forgotten?
  • Yéye shēngbìng le, wǒmen shénme shíhou děi qù yīyuàn kànkan tā.
    爷爷生病了,我们什么时候得去医院看看他。
    Grandpa (has) got sick (already), we need to go to (the) hospital to see him “really quick” some(/unidentified) time.

 

Grammar 5. 疑问代词"哪里 / 哪儿 / 什么地方"的活用: 虚指

Yíwèn Dàicí "Nǎlǐ / Nǎr / Shénme Dìfang" De Huóyòng: Xūzhǐ ▸ The Flexible Use - Fuzzy Reference - Of Question Pronouns "哪里 / 哪儿 / 什么地方"

 

哪里 /
哪儿 /
什么地方
Fuzzy Reference Meaning Original Meaning
  • an unidentified place
  • "somewhere"
  • where / where / what place(?)
  • where(?)

 

Example sentences:

  • Wǒmen yǐqián shì bu shì zài nǎlǐ/nǎr/shénme dìfang jiàn guo?
    我们以前是不是在哪里见过?
    我们以前是不是在哪儿见过?
    我们以前是不是在什么地方见过?
    Is (it or) not is (it that) we (have) meet before in somewhere?
  • Wǒ de xínglixiāng zhǎo bu dào le, yīnggāi shì wàng zài nǎlǐ/nǎr/shénme dìfang le.
    我的行李箱找不到了,应该是忘在哪里了。
    我的行李箱找不到了,应该是忘在哪儿了。
    我的行李箱找不到了,应该是忘在什么地方了。
    My suitcase (-) is not able (to be) found, probably (it) “is because” (that it was) forgotten in somewhere.

 

Grammar 6. 疑问代词"怎么"的活用: 虚指

Yíwèn Dàicí "Zěnme" De Huóyòng: Xūzhǐ ▸ The Flexible Use - Fuzzy Reference - Of Question Pronoun "怎么"

 

怎么 Fuzzy Reference Meaning Original Meaning
  • in an unidentified way, method, manner…
  • "somehow"
  • in what way, method, manner...(?)
  • how(?)

 

Example sentences:

  • Wǒ bù zhīdào zěnme yòu ’è le.
    我不知道怎么又饿了。
    I (do) not know (why that) somehow(I was) hungry again.
  • Wǒ de hùzhào bù zhīdào zěnme yòu chū wèntí le.
    我的护照不知道怎么又出问题了。
    My passport (-) (it is) not known (why that) somehow (the passport) again appeared problems.
  • Yàoshi bù zhīdào zěnme yòu wàngjì dài le.
    钥匙不知道怎么又忘记带了。
    (The) key (-) (it is) not known (why that) somehow (the key was) again forgotten (to be) brought along.

 

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