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Level 3 Lesson 13.1 – 得 讲 故事 饿 带 聊天 聊 爬 山 座

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HSK 3+ VOCABULARY: 得 讲 故事 饿 带 聊天 聊 爬 山 座

In this video lesson we'll learn the vocabulary in Lesson 13 and practice them with a lot of example sentences. For new Chinese characters, we'll learn how to write them and know about their structures and origins in the attached writing sheet.

  • VOCABULARY: 得 讲 故事 饿 带 聊天 聊 爬 山 座
  • CHINESE CHARACTERS: 讲 故 饿 带 聊 爬 山 座

VOCABULARY LIST


VOCABULARY USAGE


1. 得 děi · HSK 3 

Modal v. 能愿动词/助动词 néngyuàndòngcí/zhùdòngcí ▸ (informal) to have to; to need to

When we use 得, we follow this structure:

得 + 要做的事情 (得 + do something)

  • Nǐ děi xiāngxìn zìjǐ!
    你得相信自己!
    You need to trust (your)self!
  • Wǒ de shùxué zhème bù hǎo, děi nǔlì le.
    我的数学这么不好,得努力了。
    My math (is) so not good, (I) need to work hard (already).
  • Wǒ zhè ge yuè de qián huā wán le, děi rang fùmǔ zài gěi wǒ diǎnr.
    我这个月的钱花完了,得让父母再给我点儿。
    My money (of) this “ge” (of) month (has been) spent-(with the result of)-finishing-(spending), (I) need to make (my) parents again give me “(a) little bit” (of money).

 

We cannot say 不得. When we need to express the opposite meaning, we say 不用.

  • Jīntiān wǒ děi shàng shùxué kè, dàn bú yòng shàng Yīngyǔ kè.
    今天我上数学课,但不用上英语课。
    Today I need to attend math class, but (I do) not need to attend English class.

 

2. 讲 jiǎng · HSK 3 

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to tell; to give a talk; to talk (about)

“讲”的 近义词 (jìnyìcí ▸ Synonym)是“说”。

  • jiǎng huà
    讲话
    to give a speech / to talk
  • jiǎng shìqing
    讲事情
    to talk about ( a matter) / to talk about (matters)

 

  • jiǎng de qīngchu
    讲得清楚
    to tell and have the potential to tell clearly
  • jiǎng bu qīngchu
    讲不清楚
    to tell and not have the potential to tell clearly

 

  • Gōngsī chū wèntí de shīqing tā gēn nǐ jiǎng guo méiyǒu?
    公司出问题的事情他跟你讲过没有?
    (The) matter (that the) company appeared (a) problem (-) (has) he told you (or) not?
  • Nǐ bù gēn nǐ fùmǔ jiǎngjiang nǐ de dǎsuàn ma?
    你不跟你父母讲讲你的打算吗?
    (Do) not you plan to talk (about) “really quick”

 

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to lecture; to talk (with explanations)

  • Zhōu Lǎoshī jiǎng shùxué kè jiǎng de hěn qīngchu.
    周老师讲数学课讲得很清楚。
    Teacher Zhou explains math class explains very clear(ly).
  • Zhè ge wèntí wǒ méi dǒng, nín néng gēn wǒ jiǎng yi jiǎng ma?
    这个问题我没懂,您能跟我讲一讲吗?
    This “ge” question (-) I (do) not understand, can you lecture “really quick” with me ?

 

3. 故事 gùshi · HSK 3 

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ story

 

  • yí ge gùshi
    一个故事
    one “ge” (of) story
  • Xióngmāo Huānhuān de gùshi
    熊猫欢欢的故事
    (the) story (of) Panda Huanhuan
  • shuì qián gùshi
    睡前故事
    story (of the) time (that is) before sleeping [bedtime story]
  • jiǎng gùshi
    讲故事
    to tell (a) story
  • tīng gùshi
    听故事
    to listen to (a) story
  • gùshi shū
    故事书
    story book(s)

 

4. 饿 è · HSK 4 

adj. 形容词 xíngróngcí ▸ hungry

 

  • Nǐ ’è bu ’è?
    你饿不饿?
    (Are) you hungry (or) not hungry?
  • Nǐ ’è le ma?
    你饿了吗?
    (Have) you (got) hungry?

 

  • Wǒ yǒu diǎnr ’è le.
    我有点儿饿了。
    Our family’s habits and/with.
  • Wǒ bú ’è, wǒ yǐjīng chī bǎo le.
    我不饿,我已经吃饱了。
    I (am) not hungry, I already ate-(with the result of)-(being)-full (already).
  • Wǒ méi ’è, wǒ zǎoshang chī de duō.
    我没饿,我早上吃得多。
    I (have) not (got) hungry, I (in the) morning ate a lot.

 

5. 带 dài · HSK 3 

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to bring along; to take along

(1) 带 + object

  • dài qián
    带钱
    to bring money
  • dài sǎn
    带伞
    to bring umbrella
  • dài hùzhào
    带护照
    to bring passport

 

  • Chūqu de shíhou jìde dài yàoshi.
    出去的时候记得带钥匙。
    (In the) time (when you) go out remember to bring (the) key.
  • Wǒ yào dài zhe fùmǔ duì wǒ de xīwàng nǔlì xuéxí, kǎo shàng Běijīng Dàxué.
    我要带着父母对我的希望努力学习,考上北京大学。
    I need to(,) taking along (the) hope (that my) parents for me(,) study hard, (and) take-test-(with the result of)-getting-into Beijing University.

 

(2) 带 + person

  • Tā xiàwǔ děi dài ’érzi qù shūdiàn.
    她下午得带儿子去书店。
    She (in the) afternoon need to bring (her) son to go to (the) bookstore.
  • Māma dài zhe nǚ’ér qù kàn xióngmāo.
    妈妈带着女儿去看熊猫。
    (The) mom is bringing (the) daughter to go to see pandas.

 

6. 聊天 liáotiān · HSK 4

(1) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to chat; to have a casual talk or conversation

 

  • liáoliao tiān
    聊聊天
    to chat “for a little bit”
  • liáo le liáo tiān
    聊了聊天
    chatted “for a little bit”
  • gēn fùmǔ liáotiān
    跟父母聊天
    to chat with (one’s) father (and) mother

 

  • Shàngkè de shíhou bù néng liáotiān.
    上课的时候不能聊天。
    (Students) cannot chat (in the) time (when) attending class.
  • Zhème wǎn le, wàimiàn hái yǒu rén liáotiān de shēngyīn.
    这么晚了,外面还有人聊天的声音。
    (It is) so late (already), (there are) still (the) voices (of) people chatting outside.

 

(2) Detachable Compound 离合词 líhécí ▸to chat; to have a casual talk or conversation

  • Tā gēn péngyou liáo le yí ge xiǎoshí tiān.
    他跟朋友聊了一个小时天。
    Our family’s habits and/with.
  • Nǐ nánguò de shíhou kěyǐ zhǎo péngyou liáo yíxià tiān.
    你难过的时候可以找朋友聊一下天。
    Our family’s habits and/with.

 

7. 聊 liáo · HSK 4

v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to chat (about); to have a casual talk or conversation (about)

 

  • Nǐmen liáo le nàme jiǔ, liáo le xiē shénme?
    你们聊了那么久,聊了些什么?
    You guys (have been) chatting (for) that long, what “some” (of content) (have you guys been) chatting (about)?
  • Jiějie yīnwèi méi kǎo shàng dàxué fēicháng nánguò, hé bàba liáo le liáo yǐhòu, méi nàme nánguò le.
    姐姐因为没考上大学非常难过,和爸爸聊了聊以后,没那么难过了。
    (The) big brother (was) very sad because (she did) not take-test-(with the result of)-getting-in (a) university, (in the) time (that is) after chatting “a little bit” with dad, (she was) not that sad (anymore).

 

8. 爬 pá · HSK3

(1) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to climb

  • Pá le zhème gāo, dàjiā yīnggāi yǒu diǎnr lèi le ba?
    爬了这么高,大家应该有点儿累了吧?
    (Having) climbed this high, everyone probably (is) “to the extent of” “(a) little bit” tired(, right)?

 

(2) v. 动词 dòngcí ▸ to crawl

  • Háizi hái bú huì zǒulù, dàn yǐjīng huì zài dì shang pá le.
    孩子还不会走路,但已经会在地上爬了。
    (The) kid still (does) not know how to walk, but (they) already know how to crawl (on the) floor surface.

 

9. 山 shān · HSK3

n. 名词 míngcí ▸ mountain; hill

10. 座 zuò · HSK4

m.w. 量词 liàngcí ▸ Measure Word for mountains and hills

 

  • liǎng zuò shān
    两座山
    two “zuo” (of) mountains/hills
  • pá shān
    爬山
    to climb (a) mountain/hill

 

  • shān shang
    山上
    mountain surface/(the) area (that is on the) mountain
  • shān xia
    山下
    mountain underneath/(the) area (that is under the) mountain
  • shān li
    山里
    mountain inside/(the) area (that is in the) mountain

 

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